Speaking A card must separate the two age is also, as the history of China's Han Dynasty, as the same card can be divided into A and AMD ATI era era, ATI era from 1985 - In 2006, while AMD is age 2006- so far. Since the year 2000 for the graphics card is a field of contending era, so we talk about from the beginning of this century, the century A card can not do without a word: Radeon, which is synonymous with the 21st century A card later evolved into the PK Radeon and GeForce between.
▲ The first generation Radeon logo
In the beginning of 2000 Radeon graphics card: Radeon 256
2000 graphics card market is very turbulent period, the former king 3DFX card was acquired and their place King rival NVIDIA, while other S3, Matorx difficult to compete with other manufacturers, only ATI still persisted. In the face of the first GPU known as the enemy GeForce 256, ATI Radeon first come up with the perfect weapon graphics Radeon 256, it would be A real card was known to start.
▲ Radeon 256
This is a 0.18-micron (1 micron = 1000 nm) manufacturing process of the graphics, there are three ten million transistors, and there are two rendering pipelines, each pipeline has three colored raster processor. The first chip to support some features of the DX7 and DX8, with the most advanced hardware geometric distortion, lighting effects and image cropping and other functions, and with the rear DDR memory enough leading opponent of GeForce 2 GTS.
2001 ATI's seventh generation product: Radeon 7000
Achieved in the previous year ATI's Radeon series good response, then the products have begun to systematically introduced, and we all know that ATI is truly the beginning of this generation. The Radeon 7000, a total of two chips, which are high-end Radeon 7200 (R100 chip) and low-end Radeon 7000 (RV100).
▲ Radeon 7200
This generation of graphics card is based on 0.18-micron manufacturing process, with thirty million transistors, supports DX 7.0. Radeon 7000 series graphics cards in addition to the advantages of 2D and video aspects of the accident, as well as multi-monitor support and advanced DVI, TV output is also interesting highlights of the user, which was also the most similar card does not possess.
In 2002 one of the first fully supports DX 8.1 graphics card: Radeon 8500
If the DX 7 is 2.0 years ATI has been catching up on behalf of NVIDIA's, then DX 8.1 is ATI's expiratory eyebrows when ATI released the first full DX 8.1 support all the features of the card:. Radeon 8500.
▲ Radeon 8500
Radeon 8500 uses a 0.15-micron manufacturing process, the core / memory frequency of 275MHz / 550MHz, and uses a memory bit wide DDR memory makes up to 12GB / s! Coupled with a new generation of engines Smartshader Charisma Engine II, supports Pixel Tapestry II, Turform, Smoothvision and many other advanced technology, making Radeon 8500 became the strongest specifications. Unfortunately, the hardware powerful, but the ATI Radeon driver does not squeeze out the maximum performance of 8500, so that can not be completely overcome the GeForce 3.
2002 bis vest graphics, castration popular card: Radeon 9000
Radeon 8500 before it became the next generation ATI main low-end market products, derived from a variety of cards and vest castration card, for example: Radeon 9000,9000 Pro, 9100,9200 and 9250 and so on, these are in fact It is based on the R200 core Radeon 8500's evolved.
▲ Radeon 9250
Overall, Radeon 9100 is actually a vest version of the Radeon 8500, whereas Radeon 9000 and Radeon 9000Pro using castrated version of the RV250 core, Radeon 9200 and Radeon 9250 is the RV280 core (the RV250 based on more than one vertex) , a single from the model name is difficult to distinguish the level of performance. But at the time it can also be seen as ATI was a marketing strategy, a last resort.
In 2002 the first of the three leading real sense: Radeon 9700, DX 9 Times
Just NVIDIA GeFore 4 heady time, ATI suddenly release their secret weapon based on the R300 core Radeon 9700, which is the first to support the graphics card DX 9.0, NVIDIA was simply to move a blow. Since NVIDIA for DX 8.0 / 8.1 expected lifetime of error, which makes the perfect support for the Radeon 9700 DX 9.0 is particularly bright.
▲ Radeon 9700
Use was relatively conservative 0.15 micron process, integrate 110 million transistors, it is the first to break the million transistor graphics chip. Core / memory frequency of 325MHz / 620MHz, and it is also the first to make use 256bit memory interface graphics bandwidth of nearly 20 GB / s was representing the highest level. Then "unofficial" is that, as early as the beginning of the release R200, R300 has been completed samples. ATI has remained silence and inaction, whose aim is to paralysis NVIDIA. Sure enough, the face of sudden R300, NV aspect unprepared, can only accelerate the development process NV30, and finally come up repeatedly delayed release of the GeForce FX 5800 rush to fight.
In 2003 the first occurrence catalyst, graphics facelift: Radeon 9800
Radeon 9800 uses the R350 core, the architecture and not much improvement, process technology is still maintained at 0.15 microns, but its frequency is higher, stronger performance than the Radeon 9700. While on the GeForce FX 5900 with 256bit memory, the performance improved a lot, but still can not compete with the high frequency of the Radeon 9800.
▲ Radeon 9800
ATI finally realized that the light has excellent hardware does not work, also need to have mature and stable driver support, so this ATI launched the "catalyst driven" program, and "catalyst" has been extended to 2015 was only the new "Crimson drive "replaced, but the version number is still retained.
2004 New Technology and X Series debut: Radeon 9500 & amp; Radeon X800
While the Radeon 9800 to the above mentioned performance is very strong, but its process or older 0.15-micron process, but in 2004, ATI launched based on an advanced 0.13-micron 13low-k process to build the Radeon 9500/9600 series. Their core is based on R300 / R350 derived from the RV 350/360 core, and in fact there is no difference RV 350 and RV 360 two core, in fact, RV 360 using TSMC's advanced 0.13-micron Low-K technology, so higher frequencies.
▲ Radeon 9600
Perhaps Radeon 9700/9800/9600/9550 graphics achieved great glory, but ATI might be a little complacent complacent underestimated the strength of NVIDIA. In 2004, they launched the Radeon X800 XT uses the R430 core architecture did not change much, but the R430 chip uses a more advanced 0.11 micron low-K manufacturing process, with a native PCI-E interface, with 160 million transistor operating frequency is 400MHz, the pixel shader pipelines up to 16 (chip part of the product used is 12), for the six vertex shader pipelines, performance than the previous generation greatly improved.
▲ Radeon X800
2005 fully open CrossFire generations: Radeon X1900 XTX
Then compete ATI's Radeon X800 and GeForce 6800 in a disadvantageous situation is mainly due to SM 3.0, SLI dual-card interconnect and video acceleration technology behind, and to the X1000 series finally made it perfectly supports SM 3.0, CrossFire dual-card interconnect and Avivo video acceleration, and the first use of ATI hardware architectures Ultra-Theareding Dispatch Processor dynamic flow control, and comprehensively improve the effectiveness of the implementation of SM3.0 and HDR AA support breakthrough technology can be said to have been ahead of the architecture GeForce 7 series.
▲ Radeon X1900 XTX
Turbulent year in 2006, AMD acquired ATI
Although ATI R580 with successful recapture king of performance in DX9 era also praised the performance, but this time with NVIDIA products do not care who's the strongest, change marketing strategy will focus on the balance between cost and performance. Finally arrived in 2006, the product of high costs coupled with adverse market so that financial reporting ATI increasingly ugly, coupled with NVIDIA's pressing harder and harder, once forced on the ATI impasse. At this time ATI will be mad acquisition rumors have spread, the beginning of the most recent is from ATI Intel, but the final results were surprising.
▲ AMD acquisition of ATI
Finally in 2006 July 24, AMD formally announced $ 5.4 billion acquisition of ATI, this message may bolt from the blue in the year shook the entire industry, bringing a total of ATI gone through 21 years Golden Years, which also announced an era past. But the story A card and will not just end ......
2007 rally off again: Radeon HD 2900 XT, Radeon HD 3870 X2
While we all thought that ATI would "decadent" going down, on the "A" after the merger of ATI became AMD's graphics department, they get more R & D funding and technical support above. Radeon HD 2900 XT graphics card is the first release of the product after the merger, it is based on the new R600 core, from the beginning to enter the "HD" era, "HD" name has also been extended to the Radeon HD 7000 series.
▲ Radeon HD 2900 XT
But later released the powerful NVIDIA G92 core of the AMD-ATI caused a lot of pressure, and then A card also released a large move directly launched RV670 core, it uses a more advanced 55nm manufacturing process than NVIDIA G92, both the core area , performance, yield should be much higher than their opponents. It fully supports hardware from the DX 10.1, and having UVD, optimized streaming data operation, flexible multi-GPU Crossfire platform, complete PCIE 2.0 number of new technologies, and is representative of RV670 Radeon HD 3870 X2 graphics card, was the strongest single card.
▲ Radeon HD 3870 X2
Perfect performance in 2008 tianji racing strategy: Radeon HD 4870
Good performance RV670 just let AMD-ATI a relief, but opponents also released G100 core big move, AMD-ATI also opened tianji racing strategy, new out of the RV770 core architecture directed at high-end market, it can be said direct abandoned the high-end market. Which is representative of the RV770 core Radeon HD 4870, which is a part of the third generation DX 10 products, was the vast number of users the most cost-effective choice for graphics. Although the year-end market was occupied NVIDIA, but the high-end market, AMD-ATI's Radeon HD 4850 took away a lot of the original share of the tertiary NVIDIA.
▲ Radeon HD 4870
Graphics, perfect ending 2009, the last generation of ATI logo: Radeon HD 5870
Although the high-end market NVIDIA indeed sit back and relax, but in fact the mid-market is a big fat, while the Radeon HD 4870 to make AMD-ATI tasted the sweetness, but not without the main red empire, the AMD-ATI in September 2009 23, released the first support DX graphics card Radeon HD 11 of 5870, its powerful 1600 stream processors, etc. directly on it was the pinnacle of the performance of a single card.
▲ Radeon HD 5870
This generation graphics modeling are the majority of players dubbed the "coffin", boxy shape is actually very good looking. It is not only shape is very gratifying, and its performance is very strong, whether technical specifications or performance Radeon HD 5870 have achieved the overall leader of the rival GeForce GTX 285, this time ATI's counterattack has reached a new high point.
2010 A palm card AMD officially by the flag, the effect is unsatisfactory: Radeon HD 6970
2010 A sign on the card has changed from the ATI AMD, which is the ATI officially launched stage of the year, but this generation graphics a bit unsatisfactory, practically speaking it is only the previous generation Radeon HD 5870 facelift , the performance increase is not large. Radeon HD 6970 based on 40nm Cayman XT core, it has 1536 stream processors. But the performance is still no match for the opponent's GTX 580, GTX 580, but the lack of power, and the temperature was criticized topic, but later AMD graphics card also infected with this one wrong.
▲ Radeon HD 6970
But HD 6950 is A card to open nuclear ancestor, HD 6950 a lot cheaper than the HD 6970 and by refreshing the BIOS can be transformed into a HD 6970, although not all of the 6950 core can be opened, but in fact it has also become a time a story, since then almost every generation a card can open nuclear.
2012 freeze after years of GCN architecture: Radeon HD 7970
After a year of silence, AMD finally released the good governance at the time after a lapse of four years to upgrade the new architecture: GCN architecture that has continued for four generations. Radeon HD 7000 series is the first year the 28nm manufacturing process graphics card series, codenamed "Southern Islands." This card not only preserves GPU performance, but it can also improve the GPU's computing power, which is then why so many people choose to HD "mining" reasons 7970/7950.
▲ Radeon HD 7970
Then the HD 7970 did not come out before the GTX 680 is simply the existence of God, completely beating and hanging the year HD 6970 and GTX 580, although when the GTX 680 came out a little over, but the HD 7970, but later in the case of continuous optimization under HD 7970 ahead of the wave. The HD 7970 is when people do not let the AMD sales and the highest rates of high-end graphics, its performance now and into the GTX 960 and R9 380X outcome of each other.
2013 "HD" departure, "R" series of fiery: Radeon R9 290X
In early 2013, NVIDIA released the GTX TITAN big hit AMD a surprise move, while AMD finally released after six months can compete with a graphics card Radeon R9 290X, this card just left not long burst of power supply overheating, graphics 92 ℃ down unfavorable news, NVIDIA is also very clever trick of the last big release, GTX TITAN BLACK / 780Ti, can say this is a card was beaten by surprise generation.
▲ Radeon R9 290X
This generation AMD abandoned HD naming, the use of sub-level naming, most upscale R9 series, while the previous generation HD 7970 has had a new name R9 280X. In fact this generation really Xiaobian feel a bit like a makeshift out, and no performance advantage, and the temperature and power consumption is indeed too high. But it is only one advantage is that it belongs to GCN architecture family, at a later drive to optimize performance slightly ahead of the opponent, but then later because GCN architecture versatility driven by new drivers have win over rivals, which is also the majority of players nicknamed : a card a card three generations of war.
HBM memory 2015 for the first time, the first water-cooled: Radeon R9 Fury X
Just released a new Maxwell architecture at the opponent's pressure, AMD finally Biechu big move, with stacked memory of the Radeon R9 Fury X. It is a part of the core system architecture GCN stream processors terror cell reached 4096, but also added a new memory HBM memory, it can provide higher bandwidth. From the specifications for the GTX 980Ti stronger than many rivals, but the performance can only say that the outcome of each.
▲ Radeon R9 Fury X
This is the first use of the graphics card water cooling history of the public version of the graphics, but also thanks to water cooling, it is loaded with a temperature lower than the GTX 980Ti opponents a lot, and this is an undeniable fact. However, its power consumption are still high, and this is also AMD has long been criticized point. It is worth mentioning that it's the same door Young R9 Fury Nano, from its specifications and brothers Fury X is no different, but it uses air-cooling, more suitable for short into a small chassis, it is so far the strongest the public version of a short card.
2016 GCN architecture of the fourth generation, energy consumption ratio increased dramatically: Radeon RX 480
Radeon RX 480 this year A card is so far the only one new graphics card, which is based on the fourth generation GCN architecture to create graphics, using the most advanced 14nm production process. It can be said of this generation RX 480 a bit like the previous Radeon HD 4870 Zhi hit the end of the taste, because the current AMD and was not able to compete with rival GTX 1070/1080 graphics card, but from the energy than does have greatly improved.
▲ Radeon RX 480
This card I believe we are very familiar with, RX 480 is the hottest graphics cards on the market, mid-price high-end performance at present, is the most cost-effective choice.
Summary: A red card empire has ups and downs
▲ AMD graphics roadmap
From 2000 to 2006, A card can be said that ATI period is more glorious era, although experienced lows, but have had a glorious era like the Radeon 9700. In the years after 2006 ATI was acquired by AMD, the initial performance is still very good, Radeon HD 5850 is to reach the pinnacle, but in officially renamed after AMD A graphics card is no longer like the Radeon HD 5850 over the same glory.
In fact, AMD ATI Ye Hao worth mentioning, A card in the minds of the older generation of players is indelible position, I believe that many players are looking forward to once again rise A card. And like small series before joining the GCN architecture fans have tasted the "durable" the sweetness, the same way I hope A card rise again.