The US Citizenship and Immigration Service has issued a memorandum that has increased the difficulty of introducing foreign skilled workers into the United States through H-1B visas. According to the new guidelines released on Friday night, computer programmers need to provide additional information when applying for a work visa to prove that the job is complex and requires more advanced knowledge and experience. The new policy came into effect immediately, and this year's work visa application and lottery program started on Monday, which means that the application visa will be affected. In the past, the much-criticized Indian outsourcing companies could lose the most.
The policy changes do not explicitly prohibit the application of a particular type of work, on the contrary, the computer programmer to do the most simple job applications for more rigorous review.
"This is a step in the right direction to strengthen the censorship," said Ron Hira, an associate professor at Harvard University, who has studied the H-1B visa program. You have to come up with more reasons to explain why you need this person. & Rdquo;
US President Donald & middot; Trump called on companies to recruit more Americans than to outsource work to countries with low labor costs or to introduce low-paid foreign workers. H-1B visa project to become the object of reform. Last month, the US Citizenship and Immigration Service suspended the H-1B visa expedited process. Some critics see it as the first step to completely abolish the H-1B visa process.
Technology and Outsourcing is the largest user of the H-1B visa program. India's outsourcing companies get a high proportion of H-1B visas each year, and pay wages are often lower than those of US technology companies. According to Bloomberg industry research analyst Caitlin Webber data, 2016 computer programmers H-1B visa applications more than 13,000, the average annual salary of about $ 72,000.
In the H-1B visa application approved by the US Department of Labor in 2015, the number of computer programmers is about 12%. Of which 41% of the minimum wage level of the post, such a job in the daily work of the basic need for their own decisions. The guidelines issued on Friday specifically targeted at this entry-level computer programmer.
US citizen and immigration service spokesman CeCe Gwathmey said in an e-mail that this is not a policy to change the computer-related areas H-1B and H-1B1 qualifications, but abolished a series of guidelines developed 17 years ago, These guidelines are the criteria for approval of H-1B applications.
Microsoft, Facebook, Alphabet, IBM, Accenture and other companies did not immediately comment.