□ Although the number of scientific journals and international papers in China ranks second in the world, but the road to quality improvement is still long way to go
□ These withdrawals gradually become the focus of mass media science and technology, which exposed the integrity of scientific research issues, has become a major challenge in the sci-tech periodicals
□ really good papers, with the discovery of the results will not because the journal is "China" and was ignored
Of course, in the international academic arena debut, fight for the right to speak is worth applauded and applauded. However, from the development of domestic academic journals, there is a question is that people can not escape: the rise of Chinese science and technology, with the field of science and technology with the rise of academic journals? The latter as the first record and dissemination of the original scientific research results of the carrier and platform, but also on the realization of the goal of science and technology.
On the 13th China Science and Technology Journal Development Forum held recently, Xiang Zhunle, a member of the China Association for Science and Technology, and secretary of the Secretariat of the Chinese Association for Science and Technology, disclosed such a set of data: As of 2016, although the total number of scientific journals in China was 5,000, Less than 200 kinds of SCI included. "A lot of total, but high-level journals limited." Xiang Changle said.
"Foreign suffering": whether from the hands of foreign journals to grab a "good paper"?
This year, Wang Enge, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in the "staring at" the progress of a book: "China Science and Technology Journal Development Blue Book", which is China's first reflect the development of Chinese science and technology journals blue book, he served as director of the blue book expert committee.
Wang Enge in the process of participation found that the current Chinese science and technology journals there are "three less" problem - in the overall level of development is still not high, academic influence is not strong, the number of international brands is still less, and China's scientific and technological development needs also Disproportionate. These problems are, to some extent, one of the constraints of technological development.
This point, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chinese Academy of Engineering Wu Keming quite feel: China's agricultural science and technology journals have more than 900 kinds, but as of now, only seven journals selected SCI.
He said: "There are many problems and challenges in domestic science and technology journals, but to say that the most important issue is likely to be insufficient quality manuscripts."
His "Chinese Agricultural Science" Chinese version, for example, this is his Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, one of the most influential publications. In the eighties and nineties of the last century, their generation just to work, can be in the "Chinese Agricultural Science" published papers, is their pursuit of a major goal. Now, to his generation of students, he found that these children "basically did not consider this magazine."
This is certainly not "subjective do not see their own publications." Wu Kong Ming told reporters that China's science and technology in progress, the Chinese science and technology workers to pursue, and is able to and the forefront of the international agricultural scientists to communicate. In this context, there will be more and better quality manuscripts into foreign English agricultural publications, as well as Chinese people to do the English publications.
"This is an inevitable challenge facing the progress of the times." Wu Kongming said, but this way, and foreign journals "grab" good paper has become China's science and technology journals first to face the problem.
What is the status of foreign scientific journals? Xiang Changle also gives a set of data: as of 2016, the total number of US science and technology journals up to more than 13,000 species, ranking first in the world, the number of journals included in SCI 4321, also ranked first in the world; There are 8357 kinds of journals, and the number of journals included in SCI is 2836.
As the world's technology power of the United States and the United Kingdom, also has the world's highest level of science and technology journals. While China, despite the number of scientific journals and international papers ranked second in the world, but the quality of the road is still a long way to go.
In this forum, Zhu Jing, director of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, at the end of the report, still in the PPT at the end of the journal "atmospheric science progress" two-dimensional code. He said that as a editor in a variety of academic conferences at home and abroad, online and offline at any time "publicity" to promote this science and technology journals has become a "habit".
"Internal worries": the basic scientific and technological journals scientific research integrity is still not reliable?
In recent years, talking about the development of scientific journals, it seems no longer confined to the scientific and technological circles, and gradually become a public topic. Behind this frequent exposure of the paper withdrawal event "contributed"
Whether it is in March 2015 BMC withdrawal of 43 papers, in August the same year, Springer withdrew 64 papers, or in April this year, Springer Publishing Group, "tumor biology" retreat 107 papers ... ... in the Chinese Academy of Sciences literature and information center knowledge and technology R & D center director Yuan Junpeng view, these events gradually make science and technology journals become the focus of mass media, which exposed the integrity of scientific research issues, has become a major challenge in the sci-tech periodicals.
Despite the fact that these academic journals are, without exception, foreign publications, but the media did not stop asking: the papers to the foreign investment is still the case, that the introductory papers, as well as the acceptance of these papers in the domestic journals of scientific research integrity how is it?
This is the rise of domestic science and technology journals on the road can not avoid a topic. As the professor of Tsinghua University, China Science and Technology Journal editorial board chairman Zhu Bangfen academician said, "scientific research integrity is actually a basis for the entire science and technology journals, if the foundation is somewhat shaken, it will produce some bad consequences.
He used two "unprecedented" to describe the status quo of scientific research integrity in China - scientific research integrity issues related to the wide and its severity "unprecedented", but the community on the integrity of scientific research concerns is "unprecedented." In his view, this is a science and technology journals to "maintain scientific research integrity" of the great opportunity.
Zhu Bangfen said that the treatment of misconduct, is to unambiguous opposition and combat, the implementation of "one vote veto": treat contributions, scientific and technical journals resolutely refused to publish; if people reported, after investigation to be serious, Small things; at the same time to strengthen the construction of journal writers team, strict manuscripts academic quality review norms.
This year's 107 papers were evacuated. Not long ago, there are many involved in the subject by the handling of the agency. Ministry of Science and Technology official said, has formed a clear view of the 76 papers involved 376 people.
See this progress, Zhu Bangfen feel very pleased. He said: "This is a step forward." Previously, he said, "the paper has a problem" is reported, the unit neglected to investigate or harboring, is a major misconduct of academic factors.
In July this year, China Association for Science and Technology issued "scientific and technological workers moral behavior self-discipline." Which explicitly mentioned: the majority of scientific and technological workers to adhere to the results of scientific research data against fraud, against plagiarism plagiarism research results, against the vulgarization of academic evaluation and other four "bottom line."
"Evaluation": when the baton published in the paper to point to the domestic position?
In addition, a domestic journal "support" campaign is also ongoing.
4 years ago, the Chinese Association for Science and Technology, the Ministry of Finance and other six ministries to start the "China Science and Technology Journal of international influence to enhance the plan", funding amounted to 484 million yuan, which is the largest English science and technology journal support special. Xiang Changle said, in this support, China has been newly approved the creation of English or bilingual science and technology journals 84 kinds.
This seemingly "administrative" "hit money" behind the support, but also hidden a lot of Chinese journalists a look forward to, that is, a lot of money invested, leading the effort "cry", journalists efforts to produce the process, driven Academic "evaluation system" changes - from the blind pursuit of impact factors, well - known journals, return to excellent results, the paper itself.
Tsinghua University professor, "Chinese science: physics mechanics astronomy" deputy editor Long Guilu said that domestic researchers had published papers in foreign journals, to promote China's science and technology journals to the world has its positive role. But later, this gradually distorted as a simple and rude evaluation, as the scientific staff title assessment, job promotion of the "standard", so that there is a "outcome, do not look at the weight of the paper itself, and look at the journal is loud "The strange phenomenon.
As early as 2014, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, "Chinese science: physics mechanics astronomy," editor-in-chief Wang Dingsheng made suggestions, ask the academia and the competent departments to improve the evaluation of the paper, "the complete abolition of the current popular in our country with the impact of journals Factor measures a (or a group) of papers, the paper published more than two years instead of using the paper itself to obtain a reference to the reference.
Wang Dingsheng also hopes that China's major scientific research projects, either alone or mainly invested, will be "published in Chinese journals" by Chinese scientists, and even "the influence of papers published in Chinese journals" Included in the assessment indicators.
Now, the situation is undergoing subtle changes.
In the thirteenth session of the China Science and Technology Journal Development Forum, Long Guilu talked about two things, one is, in 2009, the Chinese Academy of Sciences Department of Chinese Academy of Sciences candidates for a request, that candidates need to provide a published in China Academic achievements in journals - this is the first time in the evaluation system for the selection of academicians.
Another is that this year's highly anticipated "double first-class" review, also increased the index of Chinese journal papers. Long Guilu said: "This is an equal treatment of Chinese journals, the Chinese journal has a 'see' care.
In fact, the real excellent papers, with the discovery of the results will not be because the journal is "China" and was ignored. People often cited China's first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Tu Yo Yo example.
In 1977, her Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine and other units in the "artemisinin structure research collaboration group" in the name of the artemisinin on the chemical structure and relative structure of the paper "a new sesquiterpene lactone - artemisinin ", it is this paper that artemisinin is found by the Chinese people. The publication of the paper "Science Bulletin", it is out-and-out "made in China."
In fact, such as synthetic synthetic bovine insulin, Goldbach conjecture proved that the discovery of new high-temperature superconductors and other high-level research results of our scientists, were published in the "Science Bulletin". Leaving aside the historical reasons at that time do not say, these also repeatedly explain the truth: where the gold will be glowing.
So why not leave these gold in the country?