The Shanghai Institute of Brain Diseases is a non-profit, independent legal entity with a total estimated investment of 500 million yuan and an initial investment of 50 million yuan.
This is also Chen Tianqiao's first major investment in Chinese brain science research. It is worth mentioning that Chen Tianqiao told CBI in April that in the next 10 years, it will invest about 100 million U.S. dollars in brain science research each year.
Docking "national agenda"
The current moment is just around the corner of China's Brain Project (brain science research project) coming soon.
Pu Muming, director of the Institute of Neuroscience at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, disclosed to CBN reporter in September this year that the "brain plan" will be officially launched by the end of this year and that private capital is expected to participate in this scale commensurate with the Brain Initiative of the United States Grand plan
In response, Shanda Chairman and CEO Chen Tianqiao accepted the CBN reporter's exclusive telephone interview in California, USA. He said: "The state attaches great importance to brain research. The Shanghai Institute of Brain Diseases is also established under the guidance of the state's major strategy. I have a lot of communication and exchange with many major scientists in the brain planning and preparation group and Huashan Hospital itself is also an important member of the national brain plan.We plan to cooperate with the 'China brain plan' Related projects, in order to effectively promote the national brain plan to make its own contribution. "
Chen Tianqiao said he hopes more partners in the future to join the TCCI platform. "But one principle they must follow is nonprofit, and do not think about making money," he stressed to First Financial News.
Chen Tianqiao served as chairman of the Shanghai Institute of Brain Diseases, Huashan Hospital, vice president, Professor Mao Ying, a well-known Chinese neurology expert Professor Mao Ying, Professor Mao Ying and Chinese Academy of Engineering, Huashan Hospital Neurosurgery Professor Zhou Liangfu also a member of the Board. Institute of the first appointment of nearly 10 Huashan Hospital well-known neurosurgery, neurology, psychiatrists as part-time researchers, funded projects, including brain tumors, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease, depression and other research and treatment.
"We hope to build a platform for gathering excellent Chinese disease experts in brain diseases research, clinical and basic research exchange and international cooperation." Chen Tianqiao told CBI reporter: "We have other projects being conducted with some Chinese institutes School communication. "
In April, when Chen Tianqiao interviewed CBN Finance in Singapore, he said his donation to brain science will stick to the principle of "passing the ball to the person closest to the goal" and promote brain science research worldwide.
When talking about why he chose to work with Huashan Hospital to establish a research institute for brain diseases, Chen Tianqiao told CBN reporter: "In the field of brain disease treatment in China and even in Asia, the Neurons of Huashan Hospital led by Prof. Zhou Liangfu and Prof. Ying Mao The medical team is "the closest person to the goal." We are very happy that this cooperation will take place and hopefully in the future to attract more outstanding Chinese brain experts, doctors and medical institutions to join. "
Chen Tianqiao also told CBN reporter that TCCI will choose to cooperate with the top universities, colleges and hospitals in the world in the three or four years at the very beginning of the establishment. The pace is to donate an institution every year. The next stage will be the selection of scientists Individual donations. In the first half of this year, Chen Tianqiao's research institutes have expressed their concern to many young brain science researchers at the Institute of Neurology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences by means of e-mail.
Professor Ding Qiang, dean of Huashan Hospital, said in a statement: "The just-concluded 19th CPC Congress put forward the strategy of accelerating the building of an innovative nation and implementing a healthy China strategy. This year is also the 110th anniversary celebration of Huashan Hospital, and Chen Tianqiao The profound co-operation between the Institute and the Institute is of great significance. Mr. Chen has a wealth of international resources and is keenly aware of the achievements of innovative technologies. We will work together to establish an innovative mechanism to promote the research, treatment and achievements of brain diseases in China, International influence of Chinese brain science research. "
Huashan Hospital annual neurology outpatient emergency number of more than 450,000 people, nearly 17,000 neurosurgery units, has an extremely rich clinical experience. Zhou Liangfu said that looking forward to cooperation through the Institute, and the international advanced basic research, interdisciplinary research complement each other to enhance the level of treatment and research of brain diseases, and cut through the study of brain diseases, to achieve the brain detection, functional development and other fields breakthrough .
Denied "difference between inside and outside"
Chen Tianqiao donated the first brain science research project in China, which not only gained positive response but also faced with many questions.
CBNF learned from CAS and relevant scientists in the field of brain science in Fudan University that they think that Chen Tianqiao donated domestic brain science projects and created a history of China's private donation of "from scratch" to scientific research. However, since it is impossible to see the details of the specific cooperation agreement between TCCI and Huashan Hospital, they still have doubts as to whether there are any differences in the donations made between China and the United States and the attribution of a series of intellectual property rights arising from domestic donations.
Wang Shouyan, director of the Center for Neurological and Intelligent Engineering, Fudan University professor of brain-like intelligence science and technology, told CBN reporter: "Chen's project in the United States is purely academic. Part of the technology conversion, then you need to understand the agreement there are some conditions attached, such as intellectual property in the end who belong?
In this regard, Chen Tianqiao told CBN reporter: "This is the same as the California Institute of Technology, the patent is attributed to the Shanghai Institute of Brain Diseases.Thus with market-based incentives, we can use a more flexible mechanism to help doctors And researchers to transform technology, but also to form a mechanism for the sustainable development of the Institute. "
He also pointed out that every donation is special, so there is no need to compare the California Institute of Technology project with Huashan Hospital. Chen Tianqiao told CBN reporter: "One is a university and one is a medical institution. One is basic research and the other is clinical research. One is to publish Paper (academic thesis) as the main achievement and the other one is to improve the clinical treatment effect. One in the United States and one in China, so there is no point in comparing the two.
Chen Tianqiao introduction, California Institute of Technology more emphasis on basic research, does not emphasize clinical transformation; Shanghai Institute of Brain Diseases is mainly for the treatment of diseases and the development of new clinical drugs, through a steady stream of intellectual property transformation, so that Chinese patients with brain disease take the lead Benefit. So the goals of both are different.
Chen Tianqiao said the best comparisons are HHMI (Howard Hughes Medical Institute) in the United States, which is also TCCI's hard-working goal.
HHMI, the largest charity fund for medical research in the United States, has been able to sustain its growth. In addition to a large number of social donations, HHMI has also transformed its investment and intellectual property rights. The profit-generating institute that resulted from the conversion has funded more studies.
"(Huashan Hospital Project) is an independent, not-for-profit medical research organization with patents owned by individual doctors and research institutes, and all the profits of the institute are returned to the Institute to support more doctors." Chen Tianqiao told CBI Reporter said.
However, Chen Tianqiao emphasized that since it is called the "International Institute of Brain Diseases", it is also hoped that it will encourage cooperation and exchange of achievements among donors, for example, to promote human-computer interface research with Caltech. Chen Tianqiao told CBN reporter: "We encourage cooperation between TCCI research institutes, but also give full respect to scientists and never strive to cooperate with each other."
The rich should acknowledge the "ignorance" of science
The way in which the rich should invest in science has also aroused widespread controversy among scientists. Qiu Zilong, a neuroscientist at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, told CBN reporter: "The first is that the rich should recognize their ignorance in science and should therefore not interfere in the research of scientists."
Qiu Zilong said the best example isMicrosoftOne of the founders of Paul Alan (Paul Allen) donated in Seattle Alan Institute for brain research (Allen Institute for Brain Science). "The Alan Institute now has become the main strength of promoting the brain plan, because Alan attracted many excellent scientists to do research, to achieve their goals, but never the specific intervention"
Qiu Zilong told CBN reporter: "Only three or four years after the institute was put into operation, the institute made important achievements such as the mouse gene expression profile, the brain anatomy database and the neural system mouse tool library, Science has had a huge impact, but Chen's investment and output remains to be seen. "
As a neurologist, he also called for more research into the rich endowment of basic science research, and the growth of young scientists concerned. Accept the first financial reporter interview in the 2013 Nobel chemistry prize winner Michael Levitt this view and the day before (Michael Levitt) statement agree without prior without previous consultation.
Basic and young scientists deserve more investment. The picture shows Fudan University Institute of Brain Science students.
Chen Tianqiao donated Caltech nearly a year, has a small achievement.
First financial reporter query Institute website information discovery, Caltech professor of biology, TCCI Dean and director David Anderson (David Anderson) led the team to the new 10 19 April in "Nature journal published a problem can create the same biological characterization of clusters of neurons in the hypothalamus > < for="" social="" behavior="" article.="" reveals="" the="" brain="" circuits="" is="" not"="" social="" behavior="" control="" in="" mouse="" brain="" congenital="" fixed="" />
In June, a lab study led by Viviana Gradinaru, director of the Center for Cellular and Neuronal Science at the California Institute of Technology, found that a group of neurons that control wakefulness can help people stay awake if necessary, a finding that helps cure insomnia , Excessive sleep and sleep disorders and other neurological diseases.
Other research at the California Institute of Technology also includes breaking the code for facial recognition. A team led by Doris Tsao, chief scientist of the TCCI Neuroscience Center, published a paper in the June 6 issue of The Cell that states that even with millions of different faces, our brains require only about 200 neurons to encode faces. The research, a major breakthrough for scientists trying to crack face recognition code in nearly two decades, revealed that the paradigm of neuronal information processing and code editing was so simple.
TCCI mainly has three major areas of brain research layout: brain, brain treatment, the development of the brain. California Institute of Technology and Huashan Hospital, respectively, the two major projects corresponding to the first two areas. At present, the institute is looking for a cooperative institution for "developing the brain," mainly in computing applications such as brain science and artificial intelligence.
Like Chen Tianqiao, more and more Chinese entrepreneurs are also beginning to pay attention to donations to social science research. For example, Ma Feng-teng, Robin Li, Ding Lei and other forums launched in the future, but also encourage reward scientists. According to insiders disclosed to the first financial reporter, the future Youth Forum Council is planning to promote the establishment of private funds.