Of the three operators, China Mobile has the fastest move.
In June 2017, China Mobile and ZTE opened the nation's first 5G pre-commercial test base station in Guangzhou. In November of that year, China Mobile jointly announced that Qualcomm and ZTE Corporation had successfully implemented the end-to-end 5G new air interface (5G NR) system interoperability (IoDT) based on the 3GPP R15 standard; the three companies represented operators and systems respectively. The Shangshang and the terminal merchants constitute a complete 5G interconnection, which means that China's 5G is a milestone in the trial process.
Later on the MWC 2018, China Mobile was more frequent:
At the level of results announcement, in addition to releasing the above-mentioned results of the largest end-to-end interoperability based on the 3GPP standard (9 vendors involved in base stations, terminal chips, and test instruments, etc.), China Mobile also released prototypes and test results of 5G commercial products, and Defining the "End-to-End Technical Requirements for 5G Scale Testing".
At the pilot project level, China Mobile announced that it will build the world's largest 5G trial network and formally announced the 2018 5G scale pilot program. It will conduct field tests in five cities including Hangzhou, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Suzhou, and Wuhan. Each city will build more than 100 5G base stations; 5G services and application demonstrations will be conducted in 12 cities including Beijing, Xiong'an, Tianjin, Fuzhou, Chongqing, Chengdu, Nanchang, Nanning, Shenzhen, Zhengzhou, Shenyang and Lanzhou.
At the terminal level, China Mobile has joined 20 global terminal industry partners in launching the 5G Terminal Pioneer Program. These 20 companies include 6 major chip companies such as Qualcomm, Huawei Technologies, MediaTek, China Everbright, Intel, and Samsung. Huawei Technologies , OPPO, vivo, Xiaomi, Samsung, ZTE, Lenovo, HTC, Hisense, TCL, and other 10 major terminal companies, Qorvo, Skyworks, Taiyo Yuden, and Hida Technology, four component companies.
In addition, China Mobile also stated that it will launch the first batch of 5G chips that meet China Mobile's demand before the end of 2018, and release the first batch of 5G pre-commercial terminals in the first half of 2019, including data terminals and smart phones.
It can be said that whether it is planning or results, China Mobile's 5G commercial use is quite tight and the schedule is quite clear.
At the new product launch conference for government and enterprise customers on March 9th, China Unicom launched the seven new products including cloud networking, cloud networking, and cloud broadband with the theme of “Cloud Network Integration, Smart Future”. Announced the schedule of the 5G home plan. China Unicom stated that it will carry out 5G networking trials in 2018, pre-commercial use in 2019, and commercial use in 2020.
This is the most accurate timeline China Unicom has released for 5G so far.
In fact, at the first extraordinary general meeting of China Unicom in early February, Wang Xiaochu, chairman of China Unicom, specifically talked about 5G. He said:
The chip maker's news is that 5G technology will be available in the first quarter of 2019, but it is estimated that the technology will mature about a quarter later, and that 5G service may really be available in the second half of 2019. We actively tracked and did some experiments. The conclusion is that we have to give manufacturers and R&D institutions some time to think clearly about technology and business models. International companies and Chinese companies must be much more cautious, and formulate inputs and applications based on business models. The point.
From here, we can see that China Unicom's steps in 5G have gone much more cautiously.
However, in terms of 5G testing, China Unicom has also taken actions. In January 2018, China Unicom submitted an application to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and plans to conduct 5G tests in 7 cities including Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Nanjing and Xiong'an. At that time, Ma Hongbing, deputy general manager of China Unicom's network construction department, revealed that he has completed field construction in Shanghai and Shenzhen. Huawei's, ZTE's and Nokia's 5G prototype laboratory verification and partial field performance verification have also been completed.
However, compared to China Mobile, China Unicom's pace is still a lot slower. On MWC 2018, China Unicom, together with ZTE and Intel, held a press conference to jointly publish the "China Unicom Edge-Cloud Platform Architecture and Industry Ecology White Paper," and announced that the China Unicom Edge-Cloud large-scale pilot project was officially launched.
Although the above actions are part of China Unicom's overall trend in the 5G era, it still focuses oncloud serviceThe scope is still a bit far from ordinary users. As for the terminal with the closest commercial relationship with 5G, China Unicom has basically no movement.
Like China Mobile and China Unicom, China Telecom has already conducted pilot projects in some cities.
In August 2017, China Telecom announced the launch of the 5G Innovation Demonstration Network in Xiong County, Hebei Xiong'an New District. At the same time, it issued the “White Paper for China Telecom 5G Innovation Demonstration Network” and stated that it will take the 5G Innovation Demonstration Network as an opportunity to realize in 2019. 5G trial commercial, in 2020 to achieve the scale of commercial use of major cities.
In the following months, China Telecom launched 5G pilots in six cities including Xiong'an, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Suzhou, Chengdu, and Lanzhou, with 6-8 stations in each city, with wireless networking capabilities and solution verification mainly in the 3.5GHz band. . The entire opening process was completed in early December 2017.
In January 2018, at the 5G three-phase test specification release conference in China, Shen Shaoai, deputy general manager of the China Telecom Technology Division, clearly showed the idea of building China Telecom, namely, eMBB (Enhance Mobile Broadband). ), priority is given to using standalone (SA) independent networking, and full-mode full-frequency full-meeting networks will be supported.
On MWC 2018, China Telecom did not have much action. At the meeting, it and Huawei jointly announced the establishment of a commercial joint innovation center with a focus on cooperationvideo, Tianyi cloud and all-optical network and other aspects, and 5G itself is not closely related.
5G is coming and 6G is starting up
In summary, China's three major operators all have their own rhythm in 5G deployment, while China Mobile continues its preemptive action in the 4G era. However, overall, under the background of the government's policy of vigorously promoting 5G development, the three major operators will not be too far apart on the road to commercialization of 5G, and are relatively consistent on the general timeline: they are all pre-empted in 2019. Commercial, officially commercial in 2020.
Finally, there is another issue worthy of attention: Since 5G is already available, what about 6G? According to Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, who was interviewed by CCTV News on March 9th, at the time of year-end and year-end, China's research work on 6G has already started.