Its appearance resembles that of an ordinary hamburger. When it bites, it will slowly ooze gravy. The hamburger is sold at a restaurant in Manhattan, New York, and costs $18 (about RMB113).
This hamburger developer is the "impossible food" of Silicon Valley startups. The company was founded in 2011 by Honorary Professor Brown of Stanford University. He explored where "meat comes from" and found that its determinant was a molecule containing the iron component "haem," which was extracted from the roots of soybeans by genetic recombination.
"Impossible food" currently provides hamburger patties to more than 900 restaurants throughout the United States. The company has so far raised more than $275 million in funds. In September 2017, the factory that had a monthly production capacity of 500,000 kg of patties was put into operation, and the development speed was rapid.
In addition, Beyond Meat, which was created in 2009, also supplies plant-based burgers and chicken to large supermarkets. The company’s products were placed on meat counters for sale, causing hot debates. As a result, livestock industry groups petitioned the US Department of Agriculture in February 2018 and raised objections to marking these artificial meats as "beef" and "meat".
According to reports, artificial meat is so concerned because of environmental issues. According to the report, feeding domesticated livestock and cultivating feed requires 45% of the earth's land and more than 20% of the world's water resources, which has a large environmental burden. In Europe and America, there are many vegetarians, which is one of the reasons.
According to “impossible food”, the area of land and water required to produce the company's artificial meat is only one-twentieth and one-fourth of the production of beef, which is in line with consumers who are worried and want to enjoy meat. Preferences.
The projections revised by the UN in 2017 show that only 7.6 billion of the world’s population will increase to 9.8 billion by 2050 and reach 11.2 billion by 2100. With the economic growth in emerging market countries, the demand for high protein foods such as meat will also increase. This is why artificial meat start-ups are valued and funded.
In addition, insects have also become an expected source of protein. In 2013, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations released the report “Easy Insects: Future Prospects for Food and Feed Security”, saying that “it may be a potential food ingredient for food problems”. The production of one kilogram of beef requires eight kilograms of feed, while the insect meat requires only two kilograms of feed. At the same time, greenhouse gas emissions from production are only 10% or even 1% of that of beef, and the amount of land required is also significantly lower.
In Europe and the United States, eating insects is not a popular diet culture, and many people have a conflict of mind. However, in recent years, insects have gradually become commercially available in a form suitable for consumption. For example, using "powder chips" made of silicon powder.