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What is the layout of a Microsoft without a test car?

via:博客园     time:2018/4/17 19:10:25     readed:205

没有测试车的微软,究竟在自动驾驶做了哪些布局?

The three technology companies with the highest global market value have already had two companies with their own fleets of autopilots to conduct road tests in the United States. Waymo, an affiliate of Boss Alphabet, has become the leader in autopilot. Her second daughter quietly started the research and development of autopilot technology in 2015. Currently, the team has 45 test vehicles; and the third-year Microsoft has no self. The test team seems to be far from this competition.

What did Microsoft do?

Microsoft's most direct automatic driving program is not officially established. In January 2017, several employees within Microsoft's internal deep learning and robotics community got together because of an automated driving online course. After hitting them, they formed a team called Road Runner.

However, this team is more like an interest group. They don't have the funds to buy a car for experiments. In the beginning, they used a remote control car and added the automatic driving function to the remote control car. However, the remote control car is too small to stand up to the real road toss. In the end, they decided to put an end to this kind of poverty-stricken test and use a simulated environment to test their autopilot algorithms.

The simulator they use is Microsoft's open source platform AirSim. AirSim was initially used only for drone research, but after working with Road Runner, in November 2017, AirSim announced a platform upgrade that covered the car simulator.

AirSim has a very detailed 3D urban environment that includes a variety of dynamic scenarios such as traffic lights, parking lots, lakes, construction sites, and more. Users can test the system in different environments in the community, such as downtown, suburban areas, vegetation coverage and industrial areas. Developers can use the Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit (CNTK, Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit) with AirSim help for in-depth learning.

The Road Rnner features a virtual collision that allows the AI ​​to continue to collide to learn safe driving. Their system has acquired a large amount of data that is difficult to test in reality.

However, because it is an experimental project, Road Runner should not become a commercial project, but Microsoft may promote their systems in the future, making it an important player in automotive software.

Playing an auxiliary route

In 2017, Peggy Johnson, Microsoft’s head of business development, publicly stated that he will not develop autonomous vehicles, but will continue to develop automotive software. "We will not develop our own self-driving vehicles, but we hope to help autopilot and assist driving." "This is Microsoft's position, but on such a route, can Microsoft allow Microsoft to share a cup of automatic driving?"

Let us first look at the data, according to Statista's data, Microsoft Windows car operating system market share in 2017 was 15.8%, ranking third in the world, but in the future there is a downward trend and may be eroded by QNX and Linux. This trend is very unfavorable for Microsoft's "assisted" route. In addition, the study of deep learning is mainly built on the Linux operating system, and Microsoft's CNTK deep learning framework is not as popular as TensorFlow, torch, and Chainer.

没有测试车的微软,究竟在自动驾驶做了哪些布局?

In addition to the on-board operating system, Microsoft also has a car networking platform called Connected Vehicle that provides services including communications, car entertainment, real-time traffic conditions, and advanced navigation. Toyota and the Indian taxi company Ola have already reached cooperation with Microsoft in the car networking. But in addition, Lei Feng Network (public number: Lei Feng network) did not find Microsoft has more partners.

In fact, despite Microsoft's efforts in software, due to historical reasons, Microsoft has a shortage of talent in this area. When deep learning is not as hot as it is today, the Microsoft Research Institute is a company where talents compete to enter. Therefore, Microsoft recruits more people who have rich working experience and fewer people who study deep learning (because at the time The study of learning is mainly led by some doctoral students.

Perhaps aware of the lack of internal driving force, in February 2018, Microsoft and Bosch jointly announced the accelerator OpenADx, which serves the development of autopilot and focuses on autopilot software development tools. However, whether the accelerator can hatch out influential projects still requires time verification.

Cloud, or cloud

Compared to the pioneering technology of automatic driving, Microsoft may be more concerned about the back-office support. In other words, Microsoft prefers autopilot companies to use their cloud services.

Microsoft recently cooperated with ACM (American Centor for Mobility), Michigan’s automated driving test base, to provide cloud and network security services for this base. The base's CEO, John Madox, said that Microsoft's Azure cloud service can handle terabytes of information for companies that test at ACM and ensure a secure network environment.

Last year, Microsoft became a partner of the Baidu Apollo program and will provide Microsoft SmartCloud Azure services to Baidu's Apollo open platform in regions other than China. Due to the increasing speed of domestic auto-driving, the number of companies in the "Sea-Going" program, with more than 90 partners of Apollo, will be able to expand its market share of cloud services in the future.

According to Microsoft's fiscal second quarter financial report, Microsoft’s second-quarter smart cloud revenue was US$7.795 billion, an increase of 15% from US$6.758 billion in the same period of last year, and operating profit was US$2.832 billion. The cloud service is a large profit-making business of Microsoft. Instead of competing with Waymo and traditional car companies, Microsoft knows how to consolidate its own market.

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