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HUAWEI to Dongguan, millet to Wuhan, why technology giants moved out of the first tier cities?

via:博客园     time:2018/7/5 9:46:12     readed:160

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2700 people in HUAWEI moved.

It is reported that in July 1st, HUAWEI research and development departments were officially relocated. In July 2nd, 2700 people will go to work from Shenzhen to Dongguan Songshan Lake stream village.

In response to the relocation, HUAWEI officials said that in addition to the R & D team, the relocation also included personnel from other departments. According to a HUAWEI person, the move is part of HUAWEI's expansion.

Does the R & D department move, will the headquarters move?

Will HUAWEI move away from Shenzhen? HUAWEI official said HUAWEI will stay in Shenzhen and will not move.

April 4, 2018, signed by Shenzhen Municipal people's Government and Huawei Technology Co., Ltd.

Huawei President Ren Zhengfei after the meeting with the media. The rumored Huawei

Chu Tian, a financial commentator, said that, for Huawei, as a business, personnel and other super large high-tech enterprises still in the period of rapid development, the amount of land needed in R & D and production bases is very large, which is also referred to by Ren Zhengfei before.

In fact, in recent years, the technology enterprises represented by HUAWEI, Xinjiang science and technology, Zhongxing communications, millet and Alibaba have moved some of the industrial chain out of the first tier cities and set off a wave of enterprise migration.

However, the above technology companies have not moved their headquarters out of the first tier cities, but have moved production, research and development departments to two or three tier cities.

Xinjiang science and technology in Dongguan Songshan Lake set up a global research and development and sales center, Zhongxing communications in Heyuan, Guangdong, the construction of production base, second millet headquarters in Wuhan, Alibaba northwest headquarters in Xi'an.

These enterprises will move production, manufacturing and other sectors with stronger land demand to other low cost areas to save land expenses. In those areas, housing prices are lower, land supply is also more abundant, and there are a series of preferential policies.

The high cost of talent has made many technology companies more stressed and began to consider building headquarters in two or three tier cities with abundant human resources. When the millet Wuhan headquarters was formally settled, the Lei Jun said to Wuhan media that the location and talent advantage of Hubei and Wuhan was obvious, and it would have great opportunities in the industry transfer of intelligent manufacturing.

Why have you moved out of the first tier cities?

In addition, there are deeper reasons why technology companies have moved some of their industrial chains out of the first tier cities.

Through combing, it can be found that, because of the higher housing price in the first tier cities, the house price is the priority factor of the enterprises when the scientific and technological enterprises move some of the industrial chain out of the first tier cities.

In 2013, Dajiang technology purchased 32 mu of Songshan Lake in Dongguan, and invested 1 billion 800 million yuan in the first, second phase, setting up a global R & D and sales center. In 2013, housing prices in Dongguan were relatively low, and the average price of commercial housing (including one hand housing, apartments and commercial offices) was only 8812 yuan / square meter.

In 2016, ZTE built a production base in Heyuan, Guangdong, which is closely related to the higher housing prices in Shenzhen. In 2016, the market in Shenzhen was rising, and the average price of commercial housing rose from 29577 yuan per square meter at the end of 2014 to 56149 yuan per square meter at the highest point, up to 90%. The average price of commercial housing in Heyuan is 5436 yuan / square meter, which is only 1/10 of Shenzhen.

In 2017, Wuhan headquarters of Xiaomi officially settled in Optics Valley financial port of Wuhan. The cost of housing in Wuhan is lower than that in the first tier cities, which is conducive to the rapid development of enterprises. In November 2017, the average price of new housing in Wuhan was only 9336.78 yuan per square meter.

In the same year, Alibaba and the Xi'an municipal government reached a strategic cooperation and settled their northwest headquarters in Xi'an. In 2017, the average price of commercial housing in Xi'an was only 6979 yuan / square meter.

Ma Jihua, the founder and chief analyst of Da Rui, said in an interview with a direct train reporter that the price of the first line city is too high, which is the main reason for the technology enterprises to move some of the industrial chain out of the first tier cities.

According to the China Academy of Social Sciences published in 2018, the house prices of 261 cities in the country, Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Guangzhou and other frontline cities are still in the forefront of house prices. 2018 the highest price in the national house price list is Beijing, with an average housing price of 67822 yuan / square meter.

Besides housing prices, talent is also an important factor for technology enterprises to move part of the industrial chain to the two or three tier cities.

Songshan Lake has gathered a number of well-known scientific research institutes and high-tech enterprises, such as the Manufacturing Engineering Research Institute of Dongguan Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Gu hi tech and Yingji science and technology, which can provide talents and technical resources for the science and technology of Xinjiang.

Wuhan is one of the most concentrated cities in China's universities. There are a large number of 211 and 985 universities and second headquarters in Wuhan to enable millet to receive a large number of high-end talents.

Xi'an is similar to Wuhan and has a strong talent advantage. There are famous schools such as Xi'an Jiao Tong University and Xi'an Electronic and Science University, which can provide talents and scientific research resources for the Alibaba.

Referring to the move of Tencent's R & D center to a second tier city, Ma Huateng said:

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