And this is thanks to CERNDevelopmentSensor chip for the Large Hadron Collider.
Scanner R&D company Mars Bioimaging describes a leap similar to black and white to color photography. In traditional CT scans, X-rays are scanned across a section of the body. Since dense materials such as bones are more capable of weakening (weakening energy) X-rays than soft tissues, their shape becomes clear.
But for Mars Bioimaging's new technology called Spectral CT, sensors measure the attenuation of specific wavelengths when X-rays pass through different materials. After running the spectral data by a specific algorithm, a 3D color image is generated, clearly showing muscles, bones, fat, disease markers, and the like. The end result is disturbing, just as someone has carved a detailed clay model inside you.
At the heart of the Spectral CT scanner is the Medipix3 chip. The device detects and calculates individual particles for each pixel on each impact sensor, originally developed at the European Nuclear Research Center to accurately track particles in the Large Hadron Collider. A small version of the device has been tested to see how it can diagnose bone and joint health, find cancer, and gain early markers of vascular disease. The team said that so far the results are encouraging.
"In all of these studies, early results showed that when spectral imaging is routinely used in the clinic, it will enable more accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment," said Anthony Butler, one of the creators of 3D scanners.
Clinical trials will be conducted in New Zealand in the next few months, and the scanner is suitable for orthopedic and rheumatic patients.