2003 Google founder Larry · Larry Page and Sergey · Sergey Brin
From the beginning of its establishment, "bad boy" gradually grew into a large-scale listed technology company. During the period, it was wonderful and tortuous. Through the dictation of the parties, we were able to walk into the behind-the-scenes of this most important Internet company and see it. How to make yourself what it is now.
When the World Wide Web took off in 1996, Larry · Larry Page and Sergey Brin were onlookers. Unlike other companies in Silicon Valley, they are not interested in using the Internet to buy and sell items, reading and publishing stories. They want to use the World Wide Web to complete a Ph.D., when the network was an unknown area of computer science, and Page and Brin on web content. Almost uninterested —— what they want to know is what it really looks like.
For its part, Google's capital incarnation is a mistake, just an accidental by-product of graduate whimsy, curiosity and absurd dreams. The company itself is almost entirely built on the spirit of Burning Man, which was described by many participants as a community-conscious, artistic and radical self-expression, and a radical self-reliance experiment. This is a good way to describe Google, because the real purpose of its development has always been to be at the forefront of the era: making autonomous cars, inventing elevators that can enter outer space, and even creating real artificial intelligence someday.
Page, Brin and Scott · Hassan (Scott Hassan, the little-known Google "third founder") is developing a machine that converts the time we spend on the Internet into Money, as a means of achieving the company's ambitious goals, money is only the first step in an ambitious plan. Hassan, who had withdrawn from Google in his early years, was still trying to heal the death and colonize the solar system. Page and Brin continued to stay and were completely civilized with the monetization of Google. “This is really frustrating,” said an early Google employee. This is why it really bows to reality and how it ultimately changes everything. The following is the dictation of the parties.
The first part: in order to "rule the earth"
David · David Cheriton, Stanford University Professor and Google Seed Fund Investor: As early as 1994 or 1995, I remember Sergei and some of my graduate students skating on the fourth floor of the Computer Science Building. .
Scott · Hassan (Scott Hassan), C.S. Department Programmer: Sergey and I are good friends, we walk around and unlock, we can open any door of the whole building!
Stanford University administrator Heather · Heather Cairns, fourth Google employee: Sergey will come to my office with a poor painting because he knows I have art history and asks me. Sergey's paintings are often abstract, just have a black spot on a brown background, and may be trying to imitate Roscoe or any other famous painter, I am not sure. I told him to keep his daily work, but you must admire this spirit. Sergey is a man who loves to show off and is definitely an extroverted child.
Scott · Hassan: Then in the second year, Larry came here as a first-year doctoral student, and he was very different.
Heather · Keynes: Larry is an introvert.
Larry · Larry Page, co-founder of Google: I was very interested in autonomous cars when I was a Ph.D. in 1995. I have 10 different ideas about what I want to do.
Heather · Keynes: Inventing a space cable, making people enter space faster is also an ambition.
Terry · Terry Winograd, Peggy Thesis Instructor: So, the basic idea of a space cable is to put a large stone in orbit in space, with the rope rotating around the earth, and then it It's an elevator, you can climb the rope like Jack peas, right?
Heather · Keynes: Yes, space cable. At that time they also talked about it in a serious way. I never thought it was serious, but obviously it was.
Terry · Winograd: They just like to think. “Oh, can we build a space cable?” What is needed to invent a space cable? “
Sergey Brin, co-founder of Google: I am quite interested in data mining, which means analyzing large amounts of data and discovering patterns and trends. At the same time, Larry began downloading network data, and you might be able to dig into the most interesting data.
Larry · Page: I had such a dream when I was 23 years old. When I suddenly woke up, I was thinking, if we just need to keep the link, we can download the entire network ……
Scott · Hassan: … … In fact, surfing the web! Mainly because it seems very interesting. You can say, & ldquo; Oh, what pages do I point to on this page? & rdquo; Right? So Larry wants to develop a method and then backtrack to see which pages are connected. He wants to surf between web pages … … Larry set out to write a web crawler. The role of the network worm is: you give it a start page, then it will download that page, browse the page, find all the hyperlinks, and then continue to download the link page, do it in a loop. This is how the web crawler works.
Terry · Winograd: Getting thousands of pages and downloading them is a big deal.
Scott · Hassan: In the fall of 1995, for some reason I stayed in Larry with his office …… at the time, Larry tried to download a hundred pages at the same time. And I am fixing some bugs in his Java program, which lasted for weeks, even months. I remember thinking about it at the time, wow, this is crazy! Because I spent a lot of time fixing this underlying tool. So for a weekend, I took all his code. Just that weekend, I was sick and tired, so I threw away all the code he wrote, and then went all out to rewrite the work he had worked for months. I know that if I use a language I know (that is, Python), I can make it work. The program I wrote can download 32,000 pages at the same time. So Larry can download 3 pages [pages] at the same time by downloading 100 pages from one machine.
Terry · Winograd: Scott is a programmer. I didn't get involved, so I don't know the details. But the basic process is Larry, "Oh, we need a piece of code to do X, Y, Z," and then Scott will create it.
Scott · Hassan: I was very happy to show Larry on Monday, but Larry glanced and said: "Great, but it looks like you have this problem, this problem …&hellip He suddenly pointed out three different problems. It quickly became what he told me to have problems, and then I went to fix —— this was originally what I wanted to avoid.
Larry · Page: Surprisingly, I never thought about building a search engine. This idea is not even planned in the future.
John · John Markoff, The New York Times Silicon Valley Reporter: There were many search engines at the time. Everywhere. Developing crawler algorithms and downloading web pages is not a breakthrough for Google. Google's groundbreaking breakthrough is the page rank PageRank.
Terry · Winograd: I remember Larry's casual browsing on the Internet, he called it "free surfing". Just see some links on the page, just pick a point and then repeat it with a robot over and over again. So if everyone does this, then where do you end most of the time? The key is that if many links point to me, you will visit me more often and end. I am very important, so I got a lot of traffic. Then, if I point to you, even if I only have a link to you, you will get a lot of traffic: because I get a lot of traffic, you will get a lot, so think about the traffic transmitted through this network, who will get The most traffic?
Scott · Hassan: Larry raised the idea of random surfing, but didn't know how to calculate it. Sergey looked at it and said: "Oh, this looks like the eigenvector of the calculation matrix! ”
Sergey · Brin: Essentially we transform the entire network into a huge equation with hundreds of millions of variables, which are page ranks for all pages, and billions of terms, ie web links . We believe that we can solve this equation.
Larry · Page: Then we said, & ldquo;Wow, this is really great. & rdquo; It sorts things according to your expectations! “
Sergey · Brin: We developed a search engine called BackRub. It looks quite primitive, in fact it just looks at the title of the page, but it is already better at producing results than the search engine available at the time. For example, if you are searching for Stanford University, you will get a link to the Stanford University homepage.
Scott · Hassan: Then I let everyone sit down: "Hey, let's build a complete search engine!" & rdquo; How? Both Larry and Sergey think there is a lot of work to be done. I thought, "No, no, no, I don't actually have that much work." I know what to do. ”
Butler & Middot; Butler Lampson, winner of the Turing Award, computer scientist: The search engine consists of two parts. One searches the network and collects all the pages, and the other indexes them. Of course, there is still a third part, the associated part. It must find out which answer is displayed when responding to the query.
Scott · Hassan: Soon, within six to eight weeks, we can build the entire structure of the Google search engine. Mainly Sergei and I have been working from 2 am to 6 am. We can only work late at night, mainly because if I work during the day, my boss will yell at me, developing a search engine is not a serious research …… we have perfected the function of the search engine. To a certain extent, then Larry developed a small interface. You visit this page and then have a box at the top of the page, very similar to today's Google search box, right? It's just a box, next to the box is another drop-down box, “ Which search engine do you want to use? ”
Brad & Middot; Brad Templeton, Internet pioneer and expert: There are a group of people: there were many search engines at the time: Excite, Lycos, AltaVista, Infoseek and Inktomi. Among them Inktomi was developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
Scott · Hassan: You can choose one of the search engines, then type in the content you want to query, then click Search …… on the left, it will provide the query service through the search engine of your choice, then on the right On the side, it puts the content into our search engine so that users can compare results side by side. So Larry convened all the search engine companies to meet, set up all these meetings, and wanted to sell them the authorization of the page rank PageRank.
David · David Cheriton: They want to take the plunge and try to authorize this kind of thing. I think some of the early interesting stories about Google can be traced back to that time —— those companies could have been for $2 million. Buy the whole set of products.
Scott · Hassan: I remember going to this meeting at Excite, where Excite's CEO George · George Bell was present. He chose Excite and typed "Internet", and then popped up a page in the Excite search engine. Almost all results were in Chinese; by contrast, Google found something richer and more reasonable. George Bell is very dissatisfied with this because he is very conservative. He said, & ldquo; We don't want your search engine. We don't want people to find what they want so easily, because we want people to stay more on our website. Of course, it seems crazy now, but it was definitely a mainstream idea at the time: let people stay on your website and don't let them leave. I remember that we drove away, Larry and I spoke: "Users only come to your website?" Is that still a search engine? Don't you want to be the best search engine? This is crazy! That company is dead, right? “
Sergey · Brin: Search is seen as another service, just one of a hundred different services. With a hundred services, they believe that their chances of success are one hundred times higher than others.
David · Cheryton: I think about a year later, they came back to me and said that they didn't get any authorization. I didn't say, "I told you," I think I feel a little self-satisfied.
Sergey · Brin: That was the summer of 1998. At that time we could only look around for resources. We used computers from various departments and assembled them together. But the quality is uneven, there are various computers such as SUN, IBM A / X.
Heather · Keynes: They also removed the university's servers, and the sudden traffic quickly caused the server to crash.
Larry · Page: We led the entire Stanford University network. For a long time, no one can log in to any Stanford computer.
Heather · Keynes: In fact, it was for this reason that they were asked to leave.
Larry · Page: Stanford said: "If you are not successful, you can come back to complete your Ph.D. ”
David · Cheryton: They think that they face huge challenges in raising funds. I don't think the money is a big problem, so I have to prove it myself. In desperation, I contacted Andy · Behtorsham (Andy Bechtolsheim).
Sergey · Brin: Andy is one of the founders of SUN Microsystems and an alumnus of Stanford University.
Andy Bechtolsheim, electrical engineer, investor and entrepreneur: My question is of course, "How do you make money? & rdquo;The idea is, & ldquo; Well, we will let the sponsor pay for these links, when you click on the link, we will receive five cents. & rdquo; So I made such an arithmetic question in my mind: Well, they will get millions of clicks every day, 5 cents a day, that is, they will earn $50,000 a day, at least they will not go bankrupt.
David · Cheryton: Andy quickly got up and walked to his Porsche, got the checkbook and came back, and wrote a check for them.
Sergey Brin: He gave a check for $100,000, but it was very dramatic. This check was given to "Google Inc.", but Google did not form at the time, which is a big problem.
Brad Templed: Then they went to Burning Man.
Ray & Middot; Ray Sidney, fifth Google employee: Sergey posted a Fireman's Day logo on the site. This is the first Google doodle.
Marissa Mayer, twentieth Google employee, former CEO of Yahoo: This is more than anything else that is out of the office —— it says: "We are all on fire Burning Man. ”
Brad · Templeton: There is a Google contingent stationed on Fireman's Day. I remember saying something rude to Marissa. I shouldn't say she wants to see her naked. I hope she won't remember.
Marisa · Meyer: Remember, we are all young people, except for our colleagues and friends, we are all young people.
Scott · Hassan: I am responsible for the camp, Sergei is responsible for purchasing food. So he went to the Army Navy Supply Store and bought all the rations. These rations are very interesting. You can pour water into this small bag with a certain chemical inside, which becomes very hot. So you don't even need a stove, you don't need anything! We drove Sergei's car to the Fireman's Day and then wandered around.
Heather · Kane: They handed me a folder filled with $100,000 and $200,000 in checks, from Andy · Behtorsham, Jeff · Bezos , David · Cheryton. These checks stayed in the back seat of my car for several weeks because I didn't have time to get off work in time, and I didn't even have time to open a bank account.
Ray · Sidney: I have never worked in a startup company since the beginning of the establishment, you know? Work intensity is great. I added two nights in the first week of Google's work. We saw this huge opportunity and there were many questions at the same time, so we tried our best to make it work, so we worked hard. We have a great vision.
Heather · Kane: We don't have a business plan, they told me that their real mission is to “rule the earth”. I am thinking, okay, no matter what you want to do, just make sure to pay me, and if I go bankrupt in a few years, I will continue to move forward.
Kevin Kelly, founding editor of Wired magazine, futurist and bestselling author: When I met Page, I said, "Larry, I don't understand." Where is the search for a free future? I don't know where you are going …… Larry said, “ we are not interested in searching. We are creating artificial intelligence. ” So from the beginning, Google’s mission was not to use artificial intelligence to improve search, but to use search to create artificial intelligence.
Heather · Kane: Dominating the Earth! ? Just rely on these people. Seven people also stayed in someone else's house and worked in the bedroom, which was what they said at the time.
Part II: "Okay, now we have a chance ……”
Ray · Sidney: Google's first office is Susan · half of Susan Wojcicki's home, including a garage.
Heather · Kane: We can use Susan's washing machine and dryer in the garage. But we work in the bedroom; we are not in the garage. There is a folklore that seems that every startup should be in the garage ……
David · Cheryton: Their office on University Avenue is a step in the right direction for the company.
Brad · Templeton: This office is located in downtown Palo Alto, Pennsylvania, with huge balloon chairs and other furniture, which have become their theme.
Marisa · Meyer: Lava lamps count as the same, because they carry the various colors of the Google logo. Bouncing the ball is also the same, it is very interesting.
Charlie Ayers, Google's first executive chef, is also a member of the early execution team: I remember when I went to the interview, Larry was playing a bouncing ball, just like a child. It looks very cynical. Since I have worked together for many years, I understand the extraordinary behavior of the Grateful Dead band. But from my point of view, this is still a strange appearance. I have never met such a person. I thought these guys were crazy. They don't need a chef!
Heather · Kane: I was surprised that they hired the chef who worked for the Grateful Dead band.
Charlie · Ayers: Larry's father is a diehard fan of the Grateful Dead band; he used to play the band's talk show on radio every Sunday night. Larry grew up in the environment about the band.
Larry · Page: We spare no effort to recruit people who are different.
Charlie · Ayers: Here, your dress, appearance and behavior seem to be extraordinary. Their unwritten slogan is: Are you wearing a suit? You are not hired! I remember someone saying that they wanted to wear a suit to appear at the interview site, then Larry said: "Go home to change, be yourself, come back tomorrow." ”
Heather · Kane: Our word order one day a week employees can bring pets to work. The result is that disguise encourages people to catch lizards, cats, dogs & mdash; — Oh, my god, everything comes in from the gate! I am ashamed because I know this: if you are busy with your puppy, you will not work so hard.
Douglas Edwards, Google's 59th employee: We will go skiing in Squaw Valley, Chicago, and this activity is mandatory. This became a company thing.
Ray · Sidney: The first ski trip was in the first quarter of 1999. This is definitely a popular event for many years. .
Charlie · Ayers: In the skiing trip of Squaw Valley, I launched a lot of unapproved parties, and finally the company's attitude is like, "Okay, we will give Charlie what he wants." ” Then I created Charlie's Den. I have a live band, D.J., we bought a lot of wine and hot pot. I remember someone coming over and saying to me: "I seem to have an illusion. What is there in the ghost? "Larry and Sergey are surrounded by a group of hot girls. After many years, all these girls are now heads of different departments in Google.
Heather · Kane: By contrast, I am more assured of Larry's private life. We are always worried that Sergey will date someone in the company ……
Charlie · Ayers: Sergey is Google's Playboy. He is known for his employees staying in the company's masseur's room.
Heather · Kane: We don't have a system. If you don't have a system, you can't control it. Remember, in addition to me, the company is a group of young people in their twenties, so some hormones are normal and they are raging.
Charlie · Ayers: The company's personnel director told me that Sergei's reaction to this kind of thing is, "Why not?" They are my employees. ” But your employees are not used to do those things! This is not a job.
Heather · Kane: Oh, my God, this is a possible sexual harassment claim! This is my worry.
Charlie · Ayers: Shirley · When Sheryl Sandberg joined the company, I saw that everything in the company has changed dramatically. People who come in suits can actually be hired.
Heather · Kane: When Eric · Eric Schmidt joined, I thought, um, well, now we have a chance ……. This guy is very serious. This guy is real. This guy is very high-key. Of course, he must also be an engineer. Otherwise, Larry and Sergey will not agree.
Part III: “We did something” & rdquo;
Charlie Ayers: Many people inside the company are very happy to see him coming because he is now an official of Google. Before Schmidt, you will find an adult in the building, but you will not see too many such people.
Heather · Kane: On the first day of his work, he made such a public speech at the company, he said, "I want you to know who your real competitor is." & rdquo; He said, & ldquo; is Microsoft. ” Everyone is very surprised, what?
Terry · Winograd: I remember that I have participated in some high-level meetings about what Google can do to get more attention from Microsoft. In fact, "Canada" is synonymous with Microsoft because it is in the North, right? Basically, there is a feeling that if Microsoft determines that Google is a threat, they can suppress it and they want to make sure that it does not trigger this reaction.
Ev Williams, founder of Blogger, Twitter and Medium: People feel a lot of anxiety and worry about the new version of Windows that will be built into the operating system. How do we compete with it?
Heather · Kane: So, I remember thinking about it at the time, wow, wow. He believes that we pose a threat to Microsoft. are you kidding me? So I thought that time, the speech made me realize that maybe we have more abilities than I understand.
Marisa · Meyer: This is a bigger vision than we have discussed before, and it is more practical. That is an important moment for us.
Douglas · Edwards: If you've seen Larry and Sergey's papers at Stanford, they talked about how to create a search engine that clearly stated that the ad was wrong and not good. If you sell ads, it is bound to ruin the search engine. So they are resolutely opposed to the idea of advertising on Google.
Ray · Sidney: Then people start reading articles about how much search advertising has brought to other companies, and it seems that we leave the money to others.
Douglas · Edwards: The pressure to generate income is great, so Larry and Sergey think that advertising is not necessarily evil —— if it's really useful and relevant.
Paul · Paul Buchheit, Gmail inventor: At some point in early 2000, a meeting decided on the company's values. They invited a group of people who had been in the company. I sat there trying to think about something really different, not the cliché of the so-called "pursuit of excellence". I still want something, and once it is determined, it is hard to shake.
Bled · Templeton:That is, "do not be evil".
Paul · Bookhite: I came up with this sentence.
Sergey · Brin: We try to define exactly what is "the power of good" & ldquo;—— always do the right, moral things. In the end, “do not be evil” seems to be the simplest summary.
Paul · Bukheit: This is also a challenge for other companies, especially for our competitors. In our opinion, they are using users to a certain extent. They deceive users by selling search results —— we think this is a question that is doubtful because people don't realize that these are advertisements.
Sergey · Brin: We think this is a back.
Brad · Templeton: At the time, they had become a very large company.
Heather · Kane: We moved into the campus where Silicon Graphics is located, where Silicon Graphics employees work, and they are not too happy to see us.
Marisa · Meyer: At the time, S.G.I. underperformed and there were only about 50 people in the entire park.
Jim · Jim Clark, S.G.I., and later Netscape founder: At the time the company's big ship was sinking.
Heather · Kane: We will say, & ldquo; Yeah! This is our pool table and our candy! great! We are Google! & rdquo; They watched us playing volleyball outside the window, they would say, "Go to you!" ”
Jim · Clark: They are very proud of themselves for Netscape employees.
Marisa · Meyer: We are too disrespectful of others, too noisy, too annoying.
Heather · Kane: We don't want to behave rudely. We are just stupid. We didn't realize that these people might not have worked in a few months. They are very clear about this. They just watched the new blood coming in, happy, eager,
Biz Stone, Biz Stone, Twitter co-founder: Google is a strange place —— like a place full of strange kids. Adults work there, but there are colorful bouncing balls everywhere. Eric · Eric Schmidt has played a sloping slide, and he can leave his office in this way —— now it seems almost abnormal.
Heather · Kane: I did the employee handbook, I followed Stanford's culture & mdash; — because most of us are from Stanford.
Sean Parker, Facebook's first president Napster's founder Sean Parker: Google does attract more outstanding engineers by trying to make their environment as similar as possible to a graduate school. Google can say: & ldquo; Oh, don't worry, it will make you feel like a researcher. This is not just about selling labor or entering the business world. You are still a scholar. You are only working at Google now. “Therefore, they eventually attracted a lot of very smart people.
Bitz & middot; Stone: Google is not a normal place at all. There are all sorts of weird things happening. I am like Willy · Willy Wonka's children are wandering around in the chocolate factory, everywhere is something that surprises me.
Heather · Kane: Larry and Sergey will work with Lego to build Lego blocks.
Larry · Page: This is about Lego's brainstorming. They are Lego toys with computers, like robots with sensors.
Heather · Kane: I remember they would make a rubber wheel and move it to the paper. I asked at the time, “What are you doing? & rdquo; & ldquo; Well, we want to scan every book and paper publication and put it on the Internet. ” I will say, & ldquo; Are you crazy? & rdquo; They said, “The only obstacle we face is turning pages. “
Bitz · Stone: One day, I walked into a room, and only a large group of people were confused by these automatic devices, with lights, pedals and books everywhere. I said, “ What are you doing? & rdquo; They said, & ldquo; We are scanning every book published in the world. ” I said, & ldquo; Ok, continue. “ Then I clearly remember to open a place I think is a closet, an Indian sitting on the ground, not wearing shoes. He is holding a screwdriver and is removing all DVRs. He looks like he hasn't slept all night. I said, “What are you doing here? & rdquo; He said, & ldquo; I am recording all the radio and television. ” I can only say, & ldquo; Ok, continue. ”
Marisa · Meyer: I remember the day we first did the Street View experiment, I was there. This is a Saturday, we just want to vent it. We rented a $8,000 camera from Wolf Camera, and the rent was much lower on a daily basis. We drove a blue Volkswagen and placed the camera on a tripod on the passenger seat. We started wandering around Palo Alto, taking a photo every 15 seconds, and then, at the end of the day, we used photo stitching software to process the photos to see if we could stitch the pictures together.
Heather · Kane: For Larry and Sergey, the first and most important, perhaps still the inventor. That is their true love.
Marisa · Meyer: I have a brainstorming session every week because we want people to think boldly. For a week, I used space cables as an introduction to the conference. We started to brainstorm how to build it with carbon nanotubes. Can we use it to send pizza to the moon?
Douglas · Edwards: Sergey will throw these marketing ideas. He wants to project the company's logo on the moon. He wants to come up with the entire marketing budget and use it to help the refugees. He wants to make Google branded condoms, and we will distribute these condoms to high school students. There are many ideas that have surfaced, most of which have not become mature projects. However, if Larry and Sergey make any suggestions, you will almost have to pretend to accept it for a while.
Marisa · Meyer: We did something, like a driverless car. At this time we brainstorm the results.
Bitz · Stone: This is weird, it’s really weird, but it’s great too.
Charlie · Ayers: The company's entire atmosphere is focused on growth, growth, and growth.
Heather · Kane: What I want to say is that by 2003, Google at this time was completely different from what we started with. We have about 2,000 people, and people are talking about going public.
Heather · Kane: listed. Get rich. Listing. Listing. This is the most important thing in many people's minds.
Charlie · Ayers: At that moment, many of us stayed there, they almost came to the company to hang out. They are waiting, not even working anymore. You can see this in a lot of people.
Ray · Sidney: I am tired. I feel that my work is not efficient. I think, you know? I need to get out of here.
Charlie · Ayers: Many people who joined the company early are thinking, for example, how much is the island worth? There is a lot of interference.
Ray · Sidney: At first I thought, you know? I only need to rest for a month or two, then I will reignite the fire of struggle. In fact, this has never happened. I chose to leave Google in March 2003.
Charlie · Ayers: With the approach of I.P.O., the degree of distraction is getting bigger and bigger. Their eyes are full of traces of money.
John & middot; Battle (John Battelle), "wired" the founding editor, entrepreneur, author: hindsight, Google and Netscape as important in the year 1995 I.P.O in 2014 I.P.O. 2004. Everyone was excited about the Internet in the late 1990s, but in fact, only a small percentage of people in the world use the Internet. After the dot-com bubble burst, Google went public and re-invented the network into a medium.
Douglas · Edwards: After I.P.O., Google has become more conservative. After the listing, there are more indicators to drive —— this may be a good thing for the company. However, this is not the cultural atmosphere of my past habits and adaptation.
Charlie · Ayers: They said, & ldquo; We are now publicly traded. ” So in terms of morale, 2004 is not the best year for Google. They started sending more employees to listen to Dell · Carnegie's class.
Heather · Kane: Larry and Sergey are also starting to rule. After listing, they must be taught not to do so.
(Selected from: vanityfair Author: Adam Fisher translation / Han Bing)