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Google, Amazon and Microsoft will win the next ten years in the US by winning the US AI winners.

via:博客园     time:2018/7/31 15:03:28     readed:389


Wen / Wen Fei and three stone

Source: New Chi Yuan (AI_era)

The Pentagon has officially announced the biggest Intelligent Cloud Computing bidding in the history of the US Defense Department. It is expected to invest $10 billion in 10 years and a single cloud service provider, with Amazon, Microsoft, Google and other giants competing for a bid. The controversial Google Maven plan may be a pilot project for the smart cloud. At present, AWS is regarded as the strongest competitor by its ability to contract with CIA and confidential data. Whoever wins the project will probably dominate the cloud industry in the next ten to twenty years.

The Pentagon began bidding for a large cloud computing contract worth as much as $10 billion on 26 June. Given its size, this

According to information released in March this year, JEDI is a document with a duration of about 10 years.

Although the contract did not cause a strong protest like Google's Project Maven (Google's artificial intelligence contract with The Pentagon), JEDI was not uncontentious. Project Maven is a smaller, more specific contract, focusing on the use of UAVs by the military. JEDI is a large and more extensive area, aiming to find providers of cloud services for all branches of the US military. Since then, Google has abandoned plans to renew the contract, but Maven is likely to be a trial run before JEDI.

In the final proposal, The Pentagon seems to plan to award the contract to a single company capable of handling the matter. At present, Amazon's AWS is largely considered to be the most likely winner, while Google, Microsoft, IBM and Oracle are also expected to be among the major competitive technology companies. In the early stages of the process, businesses may seem to join together to target the leader they think, but this subtle relationship is not a form of alliance.

Interested companies must submit proposals by September 17, 2018, so in the next few months we will certainly hear more from the companies involved in the campaign and the voice against the JEDI.

The largest cloud program in US History: 10 years, 10 billion US dollars to sign alone, to shake the whole cloud market.

According to the final request of the proposal, it is also the core problem that many technology companies oppose, that is, the JEDI contract is expected to give the 10 - year, up to $10 billion, a single cloud provider.

The contract itself, alone, will enable a business company, in a single a single war cloud, to be responsible for hosting and distributing major task loads (mission-critical workloads) and military secrets alone, and then sending it to the United States Army fighters all over the world.


Specifically, the contract includes a two-year base transaction, (base deal), followed by two three-year plans, and the last two-year selective plan (2332). In JEDI's draft, it was originally a two-year base deal, followed by a five-year and three-year plan (253).

Deputy Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan told reporters in an interview in April that the use of 2332 to provide the DOD (DOD) with an exit strategy was due in part to a threat from Congress to tighten funding.

In the proposal, officials point out that the contract will be competitive, but AWS is widely regarded as the most likely candidate to sign the list because of its existing contracts with CIA, and the ability to trust confidential and top secret data.

According to the proposal, the successful bid must conform to the strict standards of the United States government, to trust confidential data within 180 days after the contract is granted, and to meet the standards within 270 days, with the trusteeship of Top Secret/Sensitive Compartmented Information.

Currently, AWS is the only cloud service provider that meets these standards, but Microsoft and IBM say they are close to meeting them.

The Pentagon has received thousands of inquiries from interested suppliers since an initial strategy paper was issued last year. Lord said the final proposal ensures the integrity of the overall requirements of the JEDI Cloud, so vendors do not need to refer to the information in the previous draft.

The company must tender for the contract by September 17, 2018.


JEDI Cloud draft of the United States Department of Defense

DOD enters the cloud in large numbers, and most of us secret data is transferred to commercial cloud.

Last August, Defense Secretary James Mattis traveled to the West Coast to meet Google founder Sergey Brin and CEO Sundar Pichai. During a half - day meeting, Google leaders described the company's years of Xiang Yun computing transition and how Gu Geyun helped them develop and develop artificial intelligence.

Sergey Brin, according to an unnamed senior official in the Ministry of defense and another senior defense official, who did not want to be named, said the Sergey Brin was particularly active in demonstrating progress in the AI and cloud deployment.

Strictly speaking, it was not a promotion. Mattis then met with Amazon representatives, but the impact of this trip was a transformative. Mattis was convinced that the US military had to move most of its data to a commercial cloud provider.

In September last year, defense officials announced that they would enter the cloud in large numbers. Since then, the JEDI program has evolved into a single contract worth $10 billion, and is expected to be signed by the end of 2018.

The game is becoming a tripartite struggle between Amazon, Microsoft and Google, while Oracle is fourth, a little farther away. Amazon and Microsoft are both involved in the contract related public activities, and have contact with the media to release news, but Google has strictly confidential its willingness to participate in the JEDI, and the company has even conceal the relevant information from the Google employees.

A spokesman for Google's cloud business made it clear that they had recently been certified as FedRAMP and had won the right to bid for government work projects.

The Pentagon officials expect the JEDI project's bid losers to protest and raise small public opinion. Several officials said the US Defense Minister Mattis did not care who won the victory, and he had handed over the management of the procedure to the Vice Minister of defense, Patrick Shanahan.

Officials described the priority of the US Defense Secretary Mattis JEDI Cloud as:

First, we must be secure and resilient.

Second, it must be directed to soldiers in battle (sometimes referred to as

Third, the construction time can not be too long.

The danger and machine of Amazon AWS

At present, Amazon is the most powerful competitor of the contract. Amazon's cloud business, AWS, has the highest market share and revenue in the U.S., and is already working with Smart Cloud Services.

According to a Pentagon request issued in March, the winner must be able to handle confidential and confidential information, which Amazon has been able to do.

However, the winner will have nine months to obtain the final certification

Other top competitors can't be underestimated. Microsoft has established more links with the Ministry of defense and has set up a special organization to better respond to the Ministry's customer requirements, a senior defense official said, and this point will be attractive.

In addition, although officials say that President Trump's negative opinion on Amazon's public and private interests does not affect the signing of the contract, it is hard to imagine that the president's disgust will benefit Amazon.

Although JEDI is by far the largest U.S. cloud computing contract, it is not the only one, nor will it be the last. The senior defense official said that no matter which company ranked second or third, it could get a two level cloud contract.

In a report released in September by data analysis firms Govini, the Ministry of defense has increased spending by 27.8% to $1 billion 800 million in cloud computing between fiscal 2015 and 2016, and defense officials said the Department did not plan to cancel the contracts.

So even if Google, Microsoft or Oracle don't win the JEDI contract, they can still be one of the big Pentagon contractors.



Diane Greene, head of Google Cloud Computing, has said she intends to win more federal business and is rumored to be interested in acquiring Red Hat. Red Hat is a IT supplier and a contractor of the Ministry of defense. It has received numerous security certification from the Ministry of defense.

Google for this

In April, about 3100 Google employees signed an open letter urging the company to abandon a pioneering air force program, Poject Maven, which uses artificial intelligence and machine learning to classify objects in surveillance videos. Google management responded to the petition by issuing a statement in the New York Times on April 4, saying they were only offering Google Cloud customers

The statement states:

Steve Wilson, deputy chief of staff of the US Air Force, also expressed the same view at a New America event in April, saying that Maven

According to senior defense officials, Maven is not just a publicly acknowledged project by Google or the Ministry of Defense, which he calls

Greene hosted a Google City Hall meeting on Wednesday and discussed the Maven project, according to people familiar with the matter. Google Cloud Director says Maven is

At City Hall, she said, principles and guidelines within the company must be in place before Google can commit to further Maven or any similar work. She reiterated that Google would not manufacture weapons for the Pentagon, but it had never been defined

Google employees seem to be unhappy with Greene's speech. Several people who talked to Defense One after the city hall were surprised to find that the company would consider implementing the JEDI contract and say that many people in the company would strongly oppose Google's cloud services (even indirect support) to support operational operations, especially if it was involved in the company's AI research.

However, a Defense Ministry official described the contradictions within Google as

AI and cloud service providers will not kill, at least not directly kill.

Whoever wins the JEDI cloud contract will provide tools to help the United States Army realize the vision of its highly data integrated armed nervous system. Every ship, every soldier, each jet, UAV, and officer are digital interconnected.

The demand for cloud computing of the US Department of defense is directly related to its ambition to carry out highly networked warfare in land, sea, air and cyberspace. Even if cloud computing service providers do not formally participate in the target selection or attack (target selection or engagement), it will certainly help the military better, faster, and do the task many times faster.

The Pentagon said that in the foreseeable future, military tasks will continue to be completed by human forces.

Goldfein continues to describe how to integrate a highly adaptable cloud computing architecture with artificial intelligence and embed it into the hands of every ship, every drone, jet aircraft, and individual soldier, all of which will provide the U. S. military with a future battle.

In many cases, this means killing.

Of course, at least for now, not every Google employee, user or investor is satisfied.

In April, U.S. Deputy Chief of staff Wilson was asked whether Google's internal debate affected the Air Force's plans or negotiations between the military and tech giants. Instead of responding directly, Wilson said:

Reference material

1.Https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2018/07/pentagon-accepting-bids-its-control version-10-billion-war-cloud/150070/?Oref=d-river



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