According to TechCrunch, NASA's (NASA) recently announced a public-private partnership with six American space companies to develop 10 major space companies.
As NASA (NASA) says, these are
NASA (NASA) Director Jim
The collaboration will focus on three strategic and technical areas of focus of the Space Technology Mission Board (STMD), including expanding space use, making effective and safe transportation into and out of space possible, and increasing access to planetary surfaces.
Blue Origin received $13 million, mainly for the development of another low-temperature fluid management system for the lunar lander. The rest will be used to test an advanced set of sensors that make landing on the moon easier. The company will
Space Systems/Loral received $4 million to improve satellite maintenance and space platform propellant replenishment by developing the ability to transfer xenon from servers or tankers in space to active satellites. The project will prove that xenon transmission in space can be carried out reliably in space. In addition, the company is developing an efficient 6kW dual-mode electric propulsion engine to provide NASA with faster and more efficient propulsion capabilities for future missions.
(ULA), the joint launch alliance, is the biggest winner, receiving $13.9 million in funding from three projects, of which $10 million will be used to study cryogenic vehicle fluid management systems that can simplify and improve lunar landers. The remaining funds will be allocated to two other projects, including cryogenic fluid projects for long-term missions, and
Another $10 million award went to Astrobotic Technology, which, like Blue Origins, will develop a Terrain Relative Navigation sensor. It basically adds intelligence to the spacecraft's landing gear so that it can automatically change its landing position, start safety measures, and so on, according to local observations.
Frontier Aerospace Corporation received $1.9 million and will use flight demonstrations to propel Frontier's Deep Space Engine (DSE), part of Astrobotic Peregrine Lunar Lander's first mission planned to begin in 2020. The propellants used in DSE engines have lower freezing points, which provide greater help for exploring landers and deep space missions by reducing system weight and power requirements.
The Paragon Space Development Corporation received a $1.6 million proposal for a cryogenic encapsulated launch hood and thermal insulated upper layer (CELSIUS) system that can be mounted on the surface of the cryogenic upper tank of a launch vehicle to provide greater thermal insulation and protection against meteors and debris.