Source: Zhizhix (zhidxcom)
Previously, the stock price of Amazon once broke through 2050.50 USD, and the market value successfully broke through the trillion mark. After Apple, the second American company in the world to enter the “Trillion Market Club” Its share price has risen more than 600% in the past five years.
▲ Amazon's share price growth over the past five years (Source: Yahoo Finance)
At the same time, we found that the top-ranked Bloomberg Billionaires list was also dominated by Amazon's founder and CEO Jeff · Jeff Bezos.
According to the list, Bezos' net worth reached $165.6 billion, an increase of $66.5 billion this year alone, and the net worth ratio of Bill · Gates was a total of $67.5 billion.
Bezos is the first person in the Forbes American Rich List to have more than $150 billion in assets in 30 years, and has 80.9 million shares in Amazon. However, if you think that Bezos earned his current home by Amazon alone, then you A little naive.
Bezos’s huge assets are far more than Amazon. On the outskirts of Amazon, he is an investment madman, not only privately investing in one of today's biggest competitors, Google, but also in Twitter, Uber and Airbnb, which are now dominated by their own technology companies, buying the largest and oldest newspaper in the US capital. The Washington Post also left $1 billion to build a rocket ship to send humans into space.
In addition to Amazon, what areas is Bezos involved in? How did his business empire support his billion-dollar family?
Smart things count the list of investments and acquisitions that Bezos can determine. Among them, Amazon has a specific amount of investment/acquisition companies with 76 companies, Bezos's private investment company Bezos Expeditions has invested in 49 companies, Bezos invests 6 companies in its own name, and its private company Nash Holdings acquires A company.
Soaring all the way, what is the market value of Amazon's trillion?
Amazon's development rate in the past year is almost comparable to that of the rocket, and the surge is impressive. The stock price has risen from more than 900 US dollars at the beginning of the year to more than 2,000 US dollars today. The market value has continued to expand at a rate visible to the naked eye, and the gap with the market value of Apple Inc. is getting smaller and smaller.
At the beginning of last year, Amazon's market value was only about 70% of Google's, ranking fifth in the world. In July last year, Amazon's market capitalization exceeded $500 billion. By February of this year, Amazon's market value exceeded Microsoft for the first time. The following month, Amazon surpassed Google's mother-in-law Alphabet with a market value of $768.049 billion, ranking second in the world.
On July 18, Amazon's market capitalization exceeded $900 billion for the first time, and its share price rose to $1,858.88.
On August 30, the company's share price exceeded $2,000.
On September 4th, Amazon's market value finally exceeded one trillion, and its share price once reached $2050.50, creating an intraday high.
Today, Apple and Amazon each account for around 4% of the total S&P 500 market caps.
▲Compared with other companies' stocks in the Standard & Poor's 500 Index as of August 31 (Source: CNBC)
The terrible thing is that the first step on the August 2nd across the tens of billions of apples, the market value has only increased by about 10%, and Amazon in a short period of time, the market value increased by about 110 billion US dollars, the stock rose more than 250 Dollar.
According to the semi-annual report released by Amazon, the company achieved revenue of 103.928 billion US dollars in the first half of the year, of which 54.105 billion US dollars came from online sales, 18.96 billion US dollars came from third-party services, 11.547 billion US dollars came from cloud services, and 8.575 billion came from offline sales, 65.1. Billions of dollars come from member payment and subscription services.
From the perspective of business composition, Amazon's business segment mainly covers five major businesses: retail business, hardware production, third-party services, cloud services and content production. From 2009 to 2016, Amazon's investment in logistics centers, data centers and cloud computing centers have been gradually built, laying a solid foundation for a stable and profitable business.
Based on the rapid growth of high-margin businesses such as AWS cloud computing, advertising and subscription services, analysts are quite optimistic about Amazon's future. Baron Capital analyst Ashim Mehra predicts that Amazon's market value may double in the next three to five years, reaching $2 trillion.
Behind such a brilliant record of Amazon, we can never ignore a tech madman, Amazon's founder and CEO Jeff · Bezos. Previously, Zhizhi had thoroughly explored the growth path of Bezos. (The world's billionaire billionaire! The first richest road of Bezos)
▲ Bezos became the cover of the annual magazine of Time Magazine in 1999
From 1997 to 2018, Amazon sold everything from books to books, and Bezos went further and further on the road of soaring prices. On March 6 this year, Bezos replaced Bill · with $112 billion in assets; Gates ($90 billion) became the leader in the 2018 Forbes Global Rich List.
However, Bezos's billionaire road was not smooth. After the assets broke through tens of billions of dollars in 1999, until 2010, his net assets began to “rise”.
▲Changes in net assets of Bezos from 1999 to 2018
By the end of the month, Bezos’ net worth rose by $52.7 billion in just six months, equivalent to about $290 million a day.
▲The net assets change of Bezos in the past 2 years
It can be said that the investment business of Amazon and Bezos has jointly promoted the birth of the world's first billion-dollar billionaire.
Innocent! Do you think Bezos only Amazon?
Amazon's only founder is Bezos, and Bezos's company can be more than Amazon.
Bezos founded a company, Bezos Expeditions, to manage his venture capital.
Over the years, the company has invested in companies such as Twitter, Domo, Juno Therapeutics, Workday, General Fusion, Rethink Robotics, Business Insider, MakerBot, and Stack Overflow. Recent investments include GRAIL, a startup that recently raised more than $900 million to treat cancer, and EverFi, an educational startup.
Compared to the rigorous route of Amazon's investment and acquisition layout, Besos's personal investment is quite extensive. From the sea floor to aerospace, from technology to handicrafts, Bezos' investment covers a wide range of industries including healthcare, education, design, social, search, entertainment, short-term rental, taxi, business, news, Q&A and biotechnology. A detailed list of investments has been attached to the text.
1. Media, communication, glass and tourism
Bezos has a strong interest in media and communications services. In this area, Bezos invested in Twitter in 2008 and invested more than $40 million in three popular business news sites, Business Insider. In 2013, he acquired the Washington Post for $250 million.
In the more traditional retail business, Bezos also invested in Glassybaby, a company that produces glass-blown products for candles.
In the tourism sector, Bezos invested $112 million and $35 million, respectively, for Series B financing for Airbnb and Uber transportation services.
In addition, one investment worth mentioning is Workday, a company that provides human resources services in the cloud. Shortly after Bezos ventured into the company, the company's initial public offering (IPO) went public, earning $688 million.
Judging from the acquisition of Bezos Expeditions in the past 12 years, Bezos is “in the love of the medical field”.
Since investing in Qliance Medical Management in 2007, Bezos has gone further and further on the road to investing in medical ventures. Invested in the online doctor appointment platform Zocdoc, medical service startup Mashape, anti-cancer pharmaceutical biotechnology company Juno Therapeutics, early cancer diagnosis biotechnology company GRAIL, research on anti-aging biotechnology enterprise UNITY Biotechnology, and mental illness diagnosis enterprise Mindstrong Health.
One of the most noteworthy is Juno Therapeutics. In 2014 alone, Bezos participated in the company's three rounds of financing, with a total investment of $190 million. The company was acquired by the Modern Times Group for about $10 billion this year.
3. Real estate
Bezos also holds more traditional investments, such as real estate. He bought the 165,000-acre corn farm in Texas as the operational base for his aerospace company Blue Origin and the test site for the vertical landing manned sub-track New Shepard rocket.
Besos’s personal real estate spans the land on the east and west coasts. He owns two multi-million dollar homes in Beverly Hills and a 10,000-square-foot apartment in Manhattan's Century Tower, costing less than $10 million.
According to reports, the presence of Bezos in New York has pushed the value of Century Tower's properties to a higher level, with prices ranging from $2,000 to $3,000 per square foot. He also set up a lakeside property in Washington State, spending $28 million to increase living space to nearly 30,000 square feet.
In 2012, Amazon purchased its South Lake Alliance headquarters building in Seattle for $1.5 billion, making it one of the city's largest commercial owners. Amazon has nearly a dozen buildings, nearly 2 million square feet of office space and approximately 100,000 square feet of retail space.
In the same year, the company spent about $200 million to buy three areas in downtown Seattle, which is being developed into office space. In 2014, Amazon spent another $50 million to buy another box.
In August 2017, the Seattle Times reported that Amazon's office space is comparable to the combined 40 largest employers in Seattle.
4. Charitable donations
Bezos also spent a lot of money on charitable donations. In addition to the Bezos Family Foundation, which funds a number of educational programs, Bezos also donated millions of dollars in charitable donations to the Seattle Museum of History and Industry and his alma mater, Princeton University.
In January 2018, Bezos and his wife announced a donation of $33 million to TheDream.US, an organization dedicated to improving college admissions for undocumented immigrant youth. This grant will provide a university scholarship to 1,000 US high school graduates with DACA qualifications.
Competitors develop a note: Meet Larry · Page, invest in Google
Bezos is also investing in his own name.
Twenty years ago, Bezos buried a seed. Subsequently, the seed grew rapidly and became a giant tree that was comparable to Amazon.
When Amazon was four years old, Bezos insisted on personally investing in a small search engine startup that was obscure at the time —— Google.
The origin of this investment story was in 1998 when Amazon acquired India's delivery service company Junglee, which acquired Ram Shriram into the Amazon, and Shriram is continuing to be the two Stanford University PhD students Larry Page (Larry · Page) Advice with Sergey Brin (Sergey · Brin). These two doctoral students are the founders of Google.
Shriram invested $2.5 billion in Google in February 1998. Six months later, Bezos, who was on vacation in the Gulf region, became very interested in this new Internet search engine. Shriram was invited to invite Peggy and Brin to his home for breakfast.
After breakfast, Bezos became one of Google’s angel investors, dropping $1 million.
▲ 1998 Jeff · Bezos Meets Larry · Page and Sergey · Brin (Source: Reuters)
Today, Amazon and Google, Apple, and Microsoft are the world's four highest market capitalization companies. Google has become Amazon's biggest competitor in the AI field of voice assistants, smart speakers and smart homes.
Amazon Echo is the most popular smart speaker in the US. According to a survey by Voicebot and Google, Amazon Echo has a 61.9% share in the US in May this year, while Google Google Home, the second-ranked smartphone, only accounts for 26.9%. .
However, Amazon Echo seems to have some "water reversal" this year. In the first quarter of this year, Amazon sold a total of 2.5 million Echos, with a market share of only 27.7%, down 51.9% year-on-year. Google Home sold 3.2 million units and became the new leader in the smart speaker market.
Of course, some analysts believe that the rapid growth of Google's market share is due to the low promotional price of Google Home Mini. However, with the escalation of competition, if a big market pattern changes, a price war is inevitable.
However, Bezos revealed during the Q2 earnings report that tens of thousands of developers in more than 150 countries are using Alexa voice services to develop new devices. With the expansion of the Alexa ecosystem, Amazon may soon be able to pull back a city.
In addition to Google, Bezos also invested Uber and Airbnb in private. The two companies are listed on the Bezos Expeditions website, but on Crunchbase they are listed as personal investments.
In addition, another private company owned by Bezos, Nash Holdings LLC, acquired the Washington Post on August 5, 2013 for $250 million.
In March of the following year, Bezos made the first major change to the Washington Post, raising the online service wall for subscribers to some US local newspapers in Texas, Hawaii, and Minnesota.
After a surge in online readership in 2016, the Washington Post achieved its first profit since it was acquired by Bezos.
The Bezos Family Foundation is run by Bezos' parents and is funded by Amazon stock. It focuses on early education and has invested in LightSail Education's $11 million Series B round of financing.
The most important project of Bezos: sending humans into space
In addition to being able to toss in the investment community, Bezos is also keen to engage in sideline business, to make his own aerospace startups do a good job, from time to time to grab the limelight of Musk rockets.
He proved with 18 years that he is definitely the flagship version of Star Trek.
To what extent is Bezos obsessed with Star Trek? Besos, 52, went to the Star Trek in the movie Star Trek and starred as an actor and staff member at the San Diego Comic Con. In addition, Bezos has repeatedly stated that the space program is his own “most important project”.
Of course, as the founder of the technology giant, the most direct way to dream is to run a company and do technology.
As early as September 2000, when Amazon was just 6 years old, Bezos couldn't wait to raise the "new son" & mdash; & mdash; commercial space exploration company Blue Origin. After six years of low-key behavior, Bezos purchased a large piece of land for launch and testing facilities for Blue Origin in Texas.
Blue Origin's space dream is quite ambitious, not only to reduce the cost of space flight, increase travel safety, send passengers to experience a space flight, but also allow millions of people to live and work in space outside the Earth. However, from 2015 to the present, the airline has been doing unmanned test flights.
Because of his passion for space travel, he and two other billionaires —— Virgin Galactic chairman Richard Branson (Richard · Branson), Tesla and SpaceX founder Elon Musk (Eron · Musk) is often compared. In May 2013, Bezos discussed the opportunities and strategies for commercial space flight with Branson.
In the past three years, Blue Origin has recruited hundreds of engineers. According to Reuters, Bezos plans to double the number of employees in the next two to three years, reaching around 3,000.
The core products of Blue Origin are its recyclable rocket New Shepard and the heavy-duty launch vehicle New Glenn. The New Shepard is a capsule spacecraft that can accommodate up to six passengers and has oversized glass windows for passengers to view. New Glenn is able to carry satellites and eventually send humans into space orbit. These two products will play a vital role in the company's future profitable military and commercial contracts.
The timetable for the Bezos launch rocket was quite aggressive. In November 2015, Blue Origin's New Shepard spacecraft successfully entered space and reached the planned test height of 100.5 km. In December last year, New Shepard launched a virtual test flight with virtual passengers and postponed its human space flight test flight to the end of 2018. In April of this year, New Shepard completed its eighth lift, setting a new height of 107 kilometers.
▲ Bezos announced on Twitter that it will launch the New Shepard rocket
To ensure the smooth implementation of the plan, Blue Origin built six vehicles to support all phases of testing and operation: including no-passenger test flights, test passenger flights, and commercial passengers weekly operations.
Marco Caceres, senior space analyst at Teal Group, believes that by 2020, the world is expected to launch 800 small satellites per year, twice the average of the past 10 years. If New Glenn can be ready in two years, this will be a huge business opportunity for Blue Origin.
Although the spacecraft is only a "small cake" into the space, Bezos has already set a price for the spacecraft ticket. In July this year, he announced that commercial space plane tickets are priced from 200,000 to 300,000 US dollars per person.
Bezos also showed his eccentricity towards the “new son”, saying that he plans to reduce his holdings of Amazon's stock by about $1 billion a year to fund Blue Origin's flying dreams.
Casting for a thousand years, witnessing the future civilization when the millennium is reported
As a person who is very passionate about future technology, Bezos also invested $42 million to build a huge “years of bells” in the mountains of western Texas.
On February 20 this year, Bezos posted a video on Twitter showing the installation progress of the more than ten-meter-high giant clock, and attached: "The installation has started —— 500 feet ( About 152 meters high, purely mechanical, driven by day and night thermal cycle, noon calibration, symbolizing long-term thinking & mdash; — Wannian bell came, thank the whole team! ”
The idea of “The Year of the Bell” was first proposed by the American inventor Danny Hillis (Danny · Hillis) in 1995, hoping to use this as a symbol to remind people to pay attention to and think about the long-term future of mankind and the earth. According to the idea of Hillis, the second hand walks one grid a year, representing the "century" pointer every 100 years, the timekeeping tool once every millennium, its time life will be as long as 10,000 years.
Hillis also founded a non-profit organization called the Everlasting Foundation today to promote his ideas. According to the official website of the Wannian Clock Project, Wannian Clock can be visited by tourists after it is completed. However, this institution did not give the estimated completion time of the Wannian clock.
In 2011, Bezos, with "Future Feelings", put this idea into practice. After seven years of construction, the final design and engineering of the Wannian Clock has been basically completed, and the production of full-size clock components has begun.
Bezos said: "In my opinion, human beings are currently technically developed enough to create extraordinary miracles, but they will also bring huge problems," Bezos said in an open letter on the official website of the project. , & ldquo; We need more long-term thinking & rdquo;.
Buy a whole food supermarket, collect smart doorbells, Amazon's crazy expansion
As the founder of Amazon, Bezos is Amazon's largest shareholder, accounting for 16.95% of Amazon's total shares.
On June 16, 2017, Amazon acquired the offline retailer Whole Foods Market for $13.7 billion, which is by far the most expensive acquisition by Amazon.
In the first half of this year, offline sales brought $8.575 billion in revenue to Amazon, and the top player was the Whole Foods Supermarket.
Amazon can make good use of its technical advantages, making the whole food supermarket run more efficiently. This is also an offline attempt by Amazon to enable Amazon to use its accumulated large amount of data to better market, cost control and make business decisions for the Whole Foods supermarket. Amazon can use the whole food supermarket as a model to fully expand into the offline market.
However, this is not the first time Amazon has entered the grocery industry.
In 1999, Amazon invested in a grocery distribution service called HomeGrocer.com. The company supplies groceries from home to large warehouses with sales of $1.5 million per day. However, the company quickly hangs up during the dot-com bubble burst.
Amazon, which has been severely countered by the Internet bubble, has never stopped expanding its ambitions for retail.
Amazon's acquisition of retailers, involving pharmacies, household goods, toys, pets, wedding gifts, handicrafts, radio, drinks, wiki community to fresh supply and other fields, basically covers all aspects of people's lives.
At the beginning of this year, Amazon acquired the smart doorbell company Ring, which created a new smart home system for Amazon and added a new puzzle.
Amazon also bought PillPack, an online pharmaceutical startup, for $1 billion in June. Through this acquisition, Amazon will obtain drug licenses in almost all states of the United States. This has also added a new line of business pharmacies to Amazon's total food supermarket.
Bezos also absorbed from the failure of investing in sites such as pets.com and gear.com in the early 21st century and began to adjust his business strategy. He realized that in the Internet economy, innovation should be the core, and “low-cost logic” should be used to continuously discover products and services that are valuable to customers.
Since then, Bezos has launched a series of products to open a new situation. In 2005, the Prime membership business was launched. In 2006, the cloud computing service was launched in the AWS era. In 2007, the e-book reader Kindle, which changed people's reading habits, was released. In 2014, the smart speaker Echo was launched. In 2016, the drone delivery plan &hellip was launched; … Amazon is using technology to invade people's living space little by little.
At the same time, voice assistant Alexa is still one of Amazon's most promising future growth engines. Amazon plans to let Alexa enter the smart car playback field, and compete with Apple's Apple CarPlay and Android's Android Auto.
Conclusion: 100 billion worth is not the end of Bezos
As one analyst expects, in the long run, the market value of trillions is by no means the end of Amazon. Amazon's expansion in the retail and smart home sector is making it more and more powerful.
Similarly, $165.6 billion will not be the end of Bezos. Besos, who started his book sales, now covers the world, whether it's developing Amazon's retail, AWS cloud services and AI applications, or engaging in the future-oriented years and spaceships, Bezos. Always committed to using technology to improve people's lives.
Where will Besos’s business empire eventually extend? We can pay attention and witness together.