Author: Rao Wenyi
Huawei's artificial intelligence development strategy is the most important news announced at the 2018 Huawei Total Connection Conference. The “Universal Architecture” released at the conference “Da Vinci” means that Huawei has the ability to make artificial intelligence technology from the full-stack full scene, but what can be done after these technologies can be implemented specifically, it is also the concern of the outside world. Focus.
For the first question, in terms of Huawei, instead of asking what artificial intelligence can do, it is better to ask the user what kind of problem they want to solve, and then look at how to solve it through artificial intelligence technology.
“Until 2025, the global artificial intelligence market space will reach 380 billion US dollars; 90% of it comes from the enterprise market. At the conference, Xu Wenwei, Huawei's director and president of Strategic Marketing, believes that although artificial intelligence can be used in every industry, enterprises now have the strongest demand for artificial intelligence. Therefore, Huawei also hopes to focus its artificial intelligence on corporate customers.
From the past history, service enterprise customers are already the normal state of Huawei. But before, Huawei simply sold equipment to these customers to meet the most basic needs of customers. In the field of artificial intelligence, the relationship between Huawei and corporate customers is not just that simple.
There are three main scenarios in which artificial intelligence is used in enterprises: massively repeated work (such as image processing), work requiring expert experience (such as medical care), and multi-system collaborative work (such as urban management). These three scenarios rely on the experience of industry practitioners in the actual application process. If only the artificial intelligence technology is applied to it mechanically, it may affect the efficiency.
Therefore, for Huawei, they are more eager to combine their own technology with specific industry experience and then land. “ As the saying goes, the old horse knows the way, the wisdom of experts is the old horse in the industry, we have to turn the experience of these industries into the skills of artificial intelligence. & rdquo; Xu Wenwei said.
The cooperation between Huawei and Shenzhen Baoan Airport is an example of this. In 2017, Huawei and Shenzhen Airport Group established a cooperative relationship to jointly promote the digital transformation of Shenzhen Airport.
In the airport, the allocation of work space allocation, ground coordination, airport capacity, etc. is a typical multi-system collaborative work. Zhang Huai, CIO of Shenzhen Airport Group, said that in the process of cooperation with Huawei, Shenzhen Airport Group first sorted out a series of business scenarios and listed specific business needs. Then artificial intelligence technology will fall into different scenarios.
Huawei refers to this kind of cooperation as “+AI”: first find the problem, then solve the problem through the intervention of artificial intelligence technology to improve efficiency. In Huawei's view, a good question is even better than 10 algorithm engineers.
“Welcom is first a platform company, through the open platform established by the end, management and cloud, combined with artificial intelligence, together with the ecological partners, to enable the digital transformation of all walks of life. & nbsp; Xu Wenwei believes that compared with Huawei's traditional business, artificial intelligence has not changed much, it is more to play the role of other businesses.
In order to achieve this, Huawei is liaising with industry organizations around the world, hoping to establish an alliance to promote the digitalization of the industry.
At the conference, Huawei held a Global Industry Organization Summit (GIO) and released a global industry cooperation plan. The industry organizations involved in the conference include 3GPP, 5G Automobile Alliance, International Telecommunications Association, etc. These organizations have covered all over the world. Huawei can naturally further narrow its distance with major companies by working with these organizations to better export their technological capabilities.
“Different customers need the help of artificial intelligence, but the needs of different customers are different, so industry partners are needed to provide solutions together. For this reason, Huawei intends to expand the market by building organizations that include a partner ecosystem.
On the basis of technology, Huawei has further publicized their plans for other strategic directions of artificial intelligence. These strategies include investment basic research, investment openness and talent development, solution enhancement, and internal efficiency improvement.
Talent and ecology are one of the more important aspects, and Huawei has invested a lot of energy in this. The ability to build a healthy artificial intelligence ecosystem is also seen by Huawei as the most important challenge in the implementation of artificial intelligence strategy.
For Huawei, their ecology includes industrial ecology, commercial ecology, and open source and partner ecology. The organization of the GIO Summit is part of the construction industry ecology. By connecting organizations and companies, Huawei is able to integrate more industry knowledge into its own technology and form an ecosystem with open and fair internal principles.
At present, in addition to Shenzhen Airport, Huawei has already cooperated with China Merchants Bank, Audi, Shenzhen Transportation Department and other institutions to come to artificial intelligence technology. Xu Wenwei said that the relationship between Huawei and enterprises is competition and cooperation, not vicious competition. Huawei is more concerned about how to continue to grow the industry. In the construction of artificial intelligence ecology, as the entire industry is still in the initial stage of development, it has not yet formed a stable pattern, which is considered to be Huawei's opportunity.
As for the cultivation of talents, Huawei is more willing to invest resources. On October 11th, during the fully-connected conference, Huawei announced that it plans to develop 1 million developers and partners within three years to build an ecosystem of artificial intelligence development.
In this process, Huawei intends to cooperate with academic institutions to strengthen the cultivation of artificial intelligence talents from the source.
Xu Wenwei said that Huawei will cooperate with domestic and foreign universities to launch relevant talent training programs, and will also provide related equipment and platforms to accelerate the research results through more powerful computing power. To this end, Huawei intends to invest 1 billion yuan. The first institutions to join include Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, Nanjing University, and Chinese Academy of Sciences. “Artificial intelligence, there is no intelligence when leaving the labor. & rdquo; Xu Wenwei believes.
In addition to the academic foundation, the constraints of the development of the artificial intelligence industry are also reflected in the lack of industry foundation. Zheng Yelai, president of Huawei Cloud BU, said that the two problems encountered by artificial intelligence developers are slow and one is expensive. “The deployment and training of data is very time consuming and the computing power is scarce. expensive. & rdquo; He believes that these two problems have hindered the development of the artificial intelligence industry.
Therefore, in order to solve these two major problems, Huawei intends to cut in from the two aspects of providing development products and implementing support programs.
At the fully-connected conference, Huawei released the artificial intelligence full-process development platform and tools, including the development platform ModelArts, the visual application development platform HiLens, the quantum computing simulator and the programming framework HiQ. According to Huawei's vision, the full-stack full-scenario solution allows developers to develop artificial intelligence applications with greater efficiency, thus greatly reducing the threshold.
In addition, Huawei also released its own “Promoting Plan for Volunteers AI Developers” for developers at this full-connection conference. The program includes online time, developer contests, and innovative incubators. Currently, the program has integrated more than 20 partners, and Huawei will provide partners with more than 1000 free development environments.
At this full-connect conference, Huawei has announced a set of development plans for its artificial intelligence. The next thing to look at is whether Huawei's plan can play its intended role in the artificial intelligence era.