Source: CSDN (CSDNnews)
On December 6, Beijing time, according to the website of the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in Canada, the Canadian police, at the request of the US, arrested a Chinese citizen who did not violate any US and Canadian laws. The Chinese side expressed its firm opposition to this serious violation of human rights. Outcry. The Chinese side has made solemn representations to the United States and Canada, demanding that they immediately correct the wrong practices and restore the personal freedom of Ms. Meng.
Meng Xiazhou is the daughter of Huawei's founder Ren Zhengfei and also serves as the CFO of Huawei. According to a statement by the Canadian "Global Post" newspaper, Ian McLeod, the Ministry of Justice, reported that the reason for the arrest of Meng Xizhou was that he was extradited to the United States for allegedly violating US trade sanctions against Iran.
And this is the next "ZTE event", facing the Chinese market where the chip, operating system, and database are missing, has Huawei's own operating system "Kylin OS" that has been living in rumors? If so, what kind of situation will it be in the world? Perhaps I am curious about this and I am not looking forward to it alone!
A few years ago, Fangfang was spreading secretly to develop an operating system, which was intended to compete with and even replace it with Android, the world's largest operating system. In May this year, according to the South China Morning Post, people familiar with Huawei revealed that after the US Department of Justice investigated Huawei and ZTE in 2012, Huawei began to build its own operating system. However, not long after, Huawei responded immediately to this rumor and said, “In the foreseeable future, Huawei has no plans to release its own OS (operating system). Our focus is on AndroidOS products; we are open to mobile OS. We are constantly striving to provide consumers with a quality and comprehensive experience through continuous innovation and open industry cooperation, and we are committed to this. & rdquo; This statement can be said to be positive.
However, after half a year, some netizens broke the news about Huawei's attitude towards self-developed operating systems. Even many domestic and foreign media once used the words “Huawei confirmed” to announce the existence of this project. And this news comes from Weibo Big V blogger @a little ideal reporter recently posted on Weibo: "Just met a Huawei mobile terminal technical support expert, everyone has any questions, about Huawei, about mobile phones I use it, about other mobile phones, I will ask him questions. ”
In the comment area, Bruce_Lee, vice president of Huawei's mobile phone product line, frequently interacted with netizens and answered questions. This made many netizens convinced that @a somewhat ideal reporter mentioned Huawei Huawei mobile terminal technical support expert is Huawei. Vice President of Mobile Phone Line @李小龙 Bruce_Lee.
At the same time, when some users in the comment area asked if Huawei is building a new operating system, the response was: it is under development.
A stone stirred up a thousand waves. If the comment area's "Response" is really from the Huawei mobile phone product line vice president @李小龙 Bruce_Lee, then it is equivalent to the real hammer Huawei is self-developed operating system. However, in reality, this will undoubtedly fill the gap in the domestic mobile operating system market, but it is premature to replace Android and incite iOS. At the same time, netizens have different attitudes towards this.
Domestic operating system
Many netizens are excited after hearing that Huawei's operating system is in the research and development stage. After all, the feeling of being caught in the throat is like slinging, and it has been experienced once.
Coreless pain caused by ZTE incident
Recalling the occurrence of the ZTE incident, it seems to be yesterday. According to information from the US Department of Commerce website, ZTE will still include US manufacturing from January 2010 to April 2016, knowing that the United States has imposed long-term sanctions against Iran under the Iranian Transaction and Sanctions Regulations. The restricted accessories and software products were exported to Iran to obtain contracts from Iranian companies and participate in the supply, construction, operation and service of the vast local communications network, which amounted to hundreds of millions of dollars. In the end, the US government filed three allegations against ZTE including conspiracy to illegally export, obstructing the judiciary, and making false statements to federal investigators.
In fact, the U.S. government’s investigation into ZTE’s case occurred in 2012, and then in 2016, the US Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (“BIS”) officially listed ZTE and its three affiliates in the “list of entities”. ” and take specific control measures, directly leading to the temporary suspension of trading in ZTE. In the next two years, ZTE experienced the most difficult moment, from the failure of negotiation to being "blocked", followed by being punished, and then internally asked to rectify, and finally on July 14 this year, US business The Ministry officially lifted the ban on ZTE’s sales, so ZTE was able to take a deep breath and officially released it. It hurts! Go on the journey again! The slogan of ” announced the restoration of the company's production operations.
The occurrence of the entire ZTE incident has caught many people unprepared, but since then more public opinion has been "unfortunately, angered by its arrogance", and the fact that it is not true is that it does not really belong to its own domestic chip. For this, Ni Guangnan, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering In a speech, he also said that “the core technology is subject to people is our biggest hidden danger, and the ZTE incident also verified this. If you don't master the core technology, people will use various methods to set obstacles for you sooner or later. ”
The chip is still the case, and the operating system is not. Currently, in terms of the mobile operation market, Google's open source Android and Apple's closed-source iOS operating system share this world, and the cumulative ratio of the two is over 99%, while the operating systems of domestic mobile phones are almost all on the Android operating system. Self-development and innovation, but what has to be overlooked is that its ultimate control is still in the hands of the United States, and recently Android is also in the midst of fire.
Open source Android eventually failed to escape the fate of charging
Previously, CSDN also reported that Google was investigated by the European Union for its alleged monopolistic behavior of Android, the world's largest mobile operating system. In July this year, the European Union ruled that Google violated antitrust laws and imposed a record-scale antitrust fine. The amount is as high as 4.34 billion euros ($5 billion). Subsequently, although Google said it would continue to appeal, but due to the 90-day rectification period announced by the EU, Google finally ended the ten-year free mode of Android and embarked on the road of charging.
According to Google’s announcement, for the EU region, starting in February next year, Google will charge an authorization fee for all Android phone vendors using Google App services (Google Play, email, maps, etc.), the cost of each Android device. It may be as high as $40 (RMB 277), which will directly lead to an increase in the price of mobile phone sales. However, it is necessary to discuss the impact of this charging policy on Chinese mobile phone manufacturers. Specifically, Android phones sold in China are temporarily unaffected, but the future is not necessarily the case.
Impact on domestic mobile phone manufacturers
The reason why it has not been affected for a while is related to the Android system used by domestic mobile phone manufacturers.
In fact, the Android mobile operating system is partially open source, but some are not open source. It can be reduced to two parts:
● Google Mobile Service (GMS)
● Android Open-Source Project (AOSP)
Among them, GMS is the soul of Android but it is closed source. GMS includes several online services from Google, including Google Play, Google Voice Control Assistant, Google Maps, Gmail, YouTube, Photos, and more.
But we all know that in most parts of the country, we are unable to access the above Google services (for reasons we all know). Therefore, domestic mobile phone manufacturers only need to use the part of Android open source, namely AOSP, to retain the underlying Android system and develop their own software functions, and create an independent account system.
The Google mentioned above will charge the Android license fee for the EU, and it is also for the GMS part, which naturally has little to do with the domestic Android devices. However, as domestic mobile phone manufacturers have entered the international market one after another, the domestic Android mobile phones sold overseas are relatively more uncertain. Previously, according to the First Financial Report, Xiaomi related people said: “Android charges involve a series of applications from Google. This problem does not exist in China, but the situation in Europe depends on how the specific agreement is stipulated. ”
On the whole, if a company does not open Android or change its open source usage agreement one day, domestic developers or companies will be in a passive position. As Ren Zhengfei, the founder of Huawei, said in 2012:
“We are doing terminal operating systems for strategic reasons. If they suddenly cut off our food, the Android system will not be used for me. The Windows Phone 8 system is not used for me. Are we stupid? Similarly, when we were doing high-end chips, I did not object to buying high-end chips from the United States. I think you should use their high-end chips as much as possible to understand it. Only when they don't sell it to us, our things are a little bit worse, we have to make use of it. We cannot have a narrow sense of pride, and this pride will kill us. Our aim is to make money, it is to win the Shangganling. Can't take Shangganling and win Wall Street. We don't want to be narrow, we do the operating system, and the same is true for high-end chips. The main thing is to let others allow us to use it instead of breaking our food. When we break our food, the backup system should be able to be used. ”
Therefore, the importance of self-developed operating systems is self-evident.
How easy is it to develop an operating system?
However, the development of an operating system is a one-word thing. Previously, “Hanxin” and “Red Core Browser Events” have caused the Chinese people’s distrust of domestic technology to a certain extent, and with Android. The iOS, Symbian, Windows Phone system in the same period of iOS has also fallen, can Huawei succeed in one fell swoop? In fact, whether a system can succeed depends not only on its user volume, promotion level, number of applications, but more importantly, the ecosystem.
It used to be the king's embedded system —— Saipan system is too persistent "hardware is really good" concept, resulting in fragmentation of its models is too serious, which is bound to make developers pay a high price . On the other hand, the version compatibility of the Saipan system is not satisfactory, and the internal consumption is too large, and the UI user experience is poor. For various reasons, it cannot create a benign ecological environment, and ultimately brings disaster to itself.
Another old mobile phone maker, BlackBerry, announced on March 31 this year that it would completely remove all paid apps from the BlackBerry World app market and close all purchases. This is only part of the BlackBerry BlackBerry OS shutdown plan, which will stop BlackBerryWorld, BlackBerry10, and the BlackBerry OS system on December 31, 2019, as planned for BlackBerry. The fall of this system is mainly due to the fact that in the era of smart phones, the BlackBerry system has been updated and its application is lacking, so that its users have turned their backs on Android and iOS.
In the era of mobile Internet, Microsoft held the Windows Phone (referred to as WP) operating system banner in 2010. Overall, the Windows CE-based WP has a fight with Android in terms of system performance and user experience, and security. Even higher than iOS, but it ended up losing. The reason is that there is a industry-recognized fact that Microsoft has not been able to build its own ecosystem around its mobile operating system. In this regard, Brandon Watson, who was the head of Windows Phone product management at Microsoft from March 2010 to February 2012, also believes that there are two main reasons why Windows Phone is finally forced to give up. One is that terminal manufacturers and operators are unwilling to support this. The other is that Windows Phone does not have a lot of excellent applications to support, so that it is often ignored by developers.
If you want to say that the success and failure of the old operating system can not be used as a reference for the operating system developed by Huawei today, then the security industry will be bombarded as the worst system in history. Samsung's Tizen may be able to warn Huawei. The core of the Tizen system launched in 2012 is open source, and many of its applications are also developed by Samsung based on the platform, but the only users currently only have Samsung. Because this operating system has a very similar similarity to the early Android version in terms of operating experience, interface design, and functionality, it has a very small chance of winning under today's mature Android system.
Therefore, the success of Huawei's operating system will ultimately depend on whether it has a complete and innovative ecosystem.
How feasible is Huawei's R&D operating system?
At present, apart from the news that Huawei is developing an operating system, there is no relevant specific disclosure. However, technology-driven Huawei has always had a strong sense of crisis, and its annual investment in research and development costs is sufficient to support Huawei's leading position in the underlying technology. According to a report released by Huawei, Huawei's R&D expenses in 2017 reached 89.7 billion yuan, accounting for 14.9% of revenue. In the past 10 years, Huawei's accumulated R&D investment reached 394 billion yuan.
In addition, unlike ZTE, Huawei has the ability to develop the Kirin SoC series products, and ZTE needs to rely on Qualcomm and MediaTek to provide smartphones for Soc. For this reason, Huawei plans to develop its own operating system, which is also quite feasible.
Based on the fact that Huawei's R&D operating system has confirmed this, the netizens who know it have also had a heated discussion (https://www.zhihu.com/question/304118539):
@Anonymous user (may be from Huawei):
“Our company has more than one set of R&D systems, and many people say that it is very difficult to succeed, but it has already made money from 2016, but it is not used in the consumer market.
Many people say that mobile phone systems do have self-study and are in use, but there is no face to the consumer market.
Cooperating with Google is there, just a strategy, and the system that prevents the card neck from having it. Similarly, ZTE has also been promoted, and ZTE has publicized this year. There is no Toc.
Another point, according to the current trend, the market for mobile phone systems has reached a bottleneck, and there is no new trick to play. It is better to be a forward-thinking thing. Of course, Google is also doing it, and the public does not know it.
Finally, what if you fail? Technology relies on accumulation. I have failed to do better than others. Many people say that you can't take over the market of iOS and Android. I remember that before the release of iOS and even more than a year later, many people said that they can't take advantage of Nokia's market share. They are all the same routine, and more importantly, Step by step, there will always be no small achievements. Only doing it will increase the chances of success, failing once or twice or even a dozen times. Fortunately, our company is not a listed company. If it is led by capital, capital does not allow many unprofitable projects to be carried out. ”
Doing a good job of the OS may not be a technical issue at all, but a business issue.
@people who use Zhihu:
“Maybe waiting for the wind!
The first is the timing issue, such as the 5G era and the Internet of Things, which will become an opportunity for development.
Now Huawei's watches use their own systems, and may start from the Internet of Things in the future. After all, Huawei has contributed a lot of code to the bottom layer of Android. Huawei also has its own system in terms of smart home and cloud. Therefore, through all aspects of accumulation, technology should not be a big problem.
The most important thing for everyone is ecology. Maybe the issue of ecology is not an insurmountable problem until the time is ripe.
For example, 5G is coming, the speed of the network is greatly improved, and the performance of mobile phones is greatly improved. Similar to WeChat applets, fast applications, even Web applications, cloud and other cross-platform applications will become mainstream, rather than relying on specific systems.
Maybe it will be fully compatible with the existing AndroidApp, and the kernel will be replaced by its own.
In short, there are three problems to be solved: security, fluency, and property rights. Property rights are in hand, guaranteeing survival, will not be cut off; smooth, and Apple to compete for space, Huawei mobile phones have always been the target; security, the basis of everything. As long as these points are guaranteed, as to what form and what kind of technology is used, it is not important. ”
Finally, what do you think, welcome to leave a message and share your opinion!