How can a farmer who has never been to a bank get credit? By digitizing and capturing all aspects of agriculture, from soil quality to the skills of tractor drivers to the price of melons on the market, and more. Known as the “digital twin,” in the next five years, using artificial intelligence, we can use this data to accurately predict crop yields, which in turn will provide banks and financial institutions with the data points they need. To help farmers expand their scale, maybe money will grow up in the trees.
2, blockchain will prevent more food from being wasted
Within five years, we will eliminate many of the costly unknowns in the food supply chain. From farmers to grocery suppliers, each participant in the supply chain will know exactly what quantity to grow, order and ship. When blockchain technology, IoT devices, and artificial intelligence algorithms are combined, food losses will be greatly reduced, and products that eventually appear in consumer carts will be more fresh. (The blockchain is a decentralized distributed accounting system that is secure and transparent and can be used to tag products.)
3. Mapping microbial maps will protect us from harmful bacteria
Within five years, food safety inspectors around the world will gain a new superpower: using millions of microbes to protect the food we eat. These microorganisms will be introduced into the food of farms, factories and grocery stores. Thanks to a new technology, we can effectively analyze their genetic makeup, and microbes will tell us a lot about the safety of our consumption.
4. Artificial intelligence sensors allow people to detect foodborne pathogens at home
Within five years, farmers, food processors and grocers around the world, as well as billions of family cooks, will be able to detect dangerous pollutants in their food effortlessly. To do this, they only need a cell phone or a workbench with an artificial intelligence sensor. IBM researchers are developing a powerful portable artificial intelligence sensor that can detect foodborne pathogens from anywhere. These mobile bacterial sensors dramatically increase the speed of pathogen detection from a few days to a few seconds, allowing people to detect the presence of harmful E. coli before the outbreak of Salmonella.
5, Volcat will change the plastic recycling
Within five years, the disposal of waste and the manufacture of new plastics will change completely. From milk cartons to biscuit containers to food bags and cheese cloth, everything will be recyclable, and polyester manufacturers will be able to turn garbage into useful things. This shift will be driven by innovations such as Volcat, a catalytic chemical process that transforms PET, a type of plastic, into a renewable resource. According to IBM, this cost-effective and sustainable innovation will inject new life into old plastics. Currently, more than 272 million tons of plastics are produced annually worldwide, of which 1/4 are made of PET. Volcat's goal is to reduce the amount of plastic and ultimately reduce the amount of waste generated by using a precise combination of chemicals, heat and pressure. In the next five years, this will revolutionize the way people discard and produce plastic.
At the "Think 2019" conference in San Francisco on Wednesday, IBM will detail the five innovations mentioned above.