The streets of Yuehai in Nanshan District of Shenzhen were on fire.
Some netizens joked that the US trade war against China, from ZTE, Huawei to Xinjiang, has not been beyond the scope of the Yuehai Street.
However, according to the Beijing News on the 22nd, the community workstation of Yuehai Street Science and Technology Park said that three enterprises, Zhongxing, Huawei and Xinjiang, which were posted online, had moved out of the area.
Although enterprises have left, it is an indisputable fact that they have emerged from scratch, from small to large, and from big to strong in Guangdong and Hainan.
How strong is Nanshan District?
Text: Uncle Chu
This article is compiled by Looking Think Tank.
1.How strong is it?
Nanshan District is called
According to statistics, there are 114 A-share listed companies registered in Nanshan District of Shenzhen, and most of them are high-tech industries. Correspondingly, there are 116 in Haidian District of Beijing and 19 in Pudong New Area of Shanghai.
Among the 114, there are 6 medical biology, 18 information devices, 19 information services and 21 electronics.
Figure Source: 21st Century Business Review
According to the "China Unicorn Enterprise Development Report 2017", there are 14 Unicorn enterprises in Shenzhen, namely: rookie network, Weizhong bank, Youbi selection, Jubaohui, Tencent cloud, Rouyu science and technology, Tuba rabbit, Fengchao science and technology, casual science and technology, Fanduo, Hot Mabang, Overseas Global Supply Chain, Obi Zhongguang, Carbon Cloud Intelligence.
Apart from the relocation of Rouyu Science and Technology Headquarters to Longgang District, the remaining 13 enterprises are all Nanshan enterprises.
In terms of the number of private enterprises, Nanshan District is also the leader.The total number of private enterprises here is close to 380,000, with an average of four permanent residents owning one enterprise.
Shunfeng and Ruisheng Technologies are among the top 500 private enterprises in China, more than one-eighth of the province.
Ma Huateng, Xu Jiayin, Chen Zhilian 3 selected.
According to the Hurun Global Rich List 2018, Ma Huateng and Xu Jiayin were selected as the global Chinese rich with 295 billion yuan and 260 billion yuan respectively.
Figure Source: 21st Century Business Review
Many technology companies are bringing amazing GDP.
According to the data released by the local government, in 2018, the GDP of Nanshan District exceeded 500 billion yuan, reaching 501.8 billion yuan, ranking first in Guangdong District (County) and third in China for six consecutive years.
The resident population of Nanshan District is about 1.42 million, with per capita GDP exceeding 350,000 yuan, which is comparable to that of developed countries.
Nanshan District covers an area of 182 square kilometers and has eight streets under its jurisdiction. Among them, Guangdong and Hainan Streets, which have attracted much attention recently, have the strongest strength.
Yuehai Street is located in the center of Nanshan District. It covers an area of about 20 square kilometers. In this small area, GDP is as high as 25.9 billion yuan, accounting for half of the Nanshan District.
If Guangdong and Hainan are regarded as a city, its GDP easily ranks among the top 100 in the country.
Yuehai Street Chip Enterprises, such as Zhongxing Micro Company, which produces multimedia chips, once occupied 60% of the global market share in 2003.
Jingchen Semiconductor is the first chip of this year's report board, known as
In 2017, the assets of China Merchants Street Services reached 260.4 billion yuan, and even the eighth Shekou Street, the target assets of services exceeded 12 billion yuan.
Behind many high-quality enterprises and huge GDP, there are gratifying innovative capabilities and incubating capabilities.
In the "China Regional Incubation Capacity Evaluation Report 2016" (hereinafter referred to as the "Report"), Nanshan District ranked first with 87.58 points.
Beijing Haidian District ranked second with 84.00 points, and Shanghai Pudong New Area scored 74.78 points.
Photo Source: China Regional Incubation Capacity Evaluation Report 2016
Nanshan is also ranked among the top innovative achievement indicators.
According to statistics, in 2016, the number of patents authorized in Nanshan District reached 242447/10000, which is much higher than that in Hangzhou Binjiang District (1916/10000) and Xi'an Yanta District (109.8/10000).
In terms of output value of high-tech industries, Nanshan District ranks first with 415.2 billion yuan.
These two indicators fully reflect the superiority of the enterprise-led innovation model in Nanshan District.
Twelve enterprises and institutions, such as ZTE, Myry, Shenzhen University, Nantong University of Science and Technology and the Advanced Academy of Chinese Academy of Sciences, have won 10 national science and technology awards, accounting for 2/3 of the city.
Microcore biology and national technology won two Chinese patent gold awards, accounting for 1/10 of the country;
Tencent won the Golden Prize for Appearance Design, accounting for 1/5 of the country's total.
Deep-sea drilling platform developed by Zhongji
In addition, the registration data of China Securities Association show that:More than 75% of venture capital and venture capital in Shenzhen are concentrated in Nanshan.
2.Where did it come from?
The development of Nanshan District in Shenzhen began with the reform and opening up.
October 9, 1978, one copy"Request for Making Full Use of Hong Kong Merchants'Bureau"
The picture shows the source of Hong Kong Merchants Bureau: Group Official Website
A few days later, the 29th chairman of China Merchants BureauYuan GengThe idea of preparing for the establishment of Shekou Industrial Development Zone in Shekou, Shenzhen, is formally put forward:
On December 18, while the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee officially opened in Beijing, the Ministry of Communications and Guangdong Province adopted Yuan Geng's idea.
Twenty-five days later, on January 31, 1979, Yuan Geng flew to Beijing to report to the central leadership in Zhongnanhai, offering to give China Merchants Bureau a piece of industrial land.
Yuan Geng was startled and said:
This peninsula is the future Shekou Industrial Zone and now belongs to the south.Mountain area.
On February 2, 1979, the State Council approved the establishment of the first export processing industrial zone in mainland China by the Hong Kong Merchants Bureau on 2.14 square kilometers of Shekou land.
It is rare for Shekou Industrial Zone to conceive of action for only three months.
After careful planning and design, on July 8, Shekou Industrial Zone officially broke ground and started construction, which is called China's reform and opening up.。
Pictured here is Shekou Mountain Gun
It took the Hong Kong Merchants Bureau nearly a year to build a 600-metre berth for cargo ships under 5,000 tons.
In this way, Shekou instantly has the function of starting and transporting. The industrial zone and Hong Kong interchange flights and passenger ships to solve the bottleneck of freight transport.
Yuan Geng traveled all over Hong Kong and borrowed from Hong Kong merchants and banks. In the past two years, China Merchants Bureau borrowed 1.5 billion yuan. The money is used to balance land, build industrial infrastructure and living facilities.
At the same time, Yuan Geng also greatly simplified the investment process, foreign businessmen to Shekou office, from land, agreements to recruitment, often in a month can be all done.
Soon,Shekou has become the most open industrial zone in China.Enterprises and talents poured in, more than two years, more than 100 enterprises.
In 1984, the only corporate float of hundreds of floats was held in Daqing, the 35th anniversary of the founding of the people's Republic of China in Beijing.It represents the spirit of Shekou and Shenzhen.
The picture shows the color car of Shekou Industrial Zone during the National Day parade in 1984.
The picture shows the Shekou time Square in Shenzhen.
3.Three magic weapons
Apart from its remarkable historical achievements and superior geographical location, what are the reasons why Nanshan District attracts many enterprises?
There are three main aspects.
First, the talent reserve is doing well.
In order to create an innovative talent gathering plateau, Nanshan has created innovative carriers such as the 1000-person Program (Nanshan) Club, Nanshan International Innovation Post, International Tourist Center, Shenzhen and Hong Kong Youth Venture Base.
Data for August 2017 show that Nanshan has a country
At present, 9 of the 11 universities in Shenzhen are located in Nanshan, with 14 full-time academicians.
At present, 16 enterprises have established academician workstations, 46 post-doctoral research stations, 4 post-doctoral research mobile stations and 2622 post-doctoral researchers.
Of the seven Nobel Prize-winning laboratories in Shenzhen, Nanshan District accounts for 5.It includes Zhongcun XiuEr Laser Lighting Laboratory, Shenzhen Grabbs Research Institute, Shenzhen Gaim Graphene Research Center, Shenzhen Neil Neurological Plasticity Laboratory and Marshall Biomedical Engineering Laboratory of Shenzhen University. Nanshan also has one Nobel Prize Institute, the Sargent Institute of Quantitative Economics and Finance (Beijing Congress HSBC Business School).
Second, business environment experience is good.
A well-known local business manager once told reporters,
The report on the work of the government in Nanshan District in 2019 points out that Nanshan District has taken the lead in introducing some measures to promote the high-quality development of the private economy in the whole city. It has initiated the establishment of a private enterprise development fund of 4 billion yuan and a financing guarantee fund of 500 million yuan, in order to encourage and boost confidence in the private economy.
In terms of services, Nanshan District has done these things:
* Releasing 1.42 billion yuan of industrial support funds and 396 million yuan of housing monetary subsidy benefits more than 2,500 enterprises and about 20,000 talents.
* Nanshan Trade Union Shenzhen Bay cafeteria opened to solve the dining problem of more than 3000 enterprise employees
Third, the protection of intellectual property rights is the most stringent.
As Ma Xingrui, then secretary of the Shenzhen Committee, said in an interview in 2016,
More than 90% of R&D institutions are established in enterprises.
More than 90% of R&D personnel are concentrated in enterprises.
More than 90% of R&D funds come from enterprises.
More than 90% of job invention patents come from enterprises.
Because the main body of innovation is enterprise, the transformation efficiency of scientific and technological innovation achievements is high and the effect is good.
In order to protect the innovation power and achievements of enterprises,Nanshan District built the first omni-directional
4.Where to go?
What can Nanshan do in the face of pressure from the United States?
As Ren Zhengfei said in an interview,To some extent, U.S. sanctions have stimulated China to develop its electronic industry steadily.
At present, the Nanshan government is committed to accelerating the pooling of the world's top innovative resources in Nanshan.
* Shenzhen Bay Laboratory began to build, and the National Laboratory Reserve Team increased to 2.
* Supporting Nanke University to establish Shenzhen-Hong Kong Microelectronics College to train high-end talents in chip design, manufacturing and testing.
* Shangtang Science and Technology Shenzhen R & D Center officially opened to cooperate in building
* Airbus (China) Innovation Center, Apple Shenzhen Research and Development Center, China Mobile Intelligent Hardware Innovation Center put into operation;
* Accenture (Shenzhen) Global Innovation R&D Center started construction.
I believe that the entrepreneurs in Nanshan District will be more and more deeply rooted under the pressure of the United States.
In May 22nd, foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang said at a regular press conference:
I don't know when the United States will really understand this sentence.
In this article, except for the pictures indicating the source, the rest are from the open network channels, which can not identify the source. If there is a copyright dispute, please contact the public name party.
1. The three Chinese companies that have made the United States angry are all running news about Li Jinghan, Daily Economic News, May 23, 2019, with this street.
2. Yuehai Street Fire in Nanshan District of Shenzhen! Qiu Yueye, 21st Century Business Review, May 22, 2019
3. The game between big powers has blown up China's most bullish street office. Why Shenzhen Yuehai is so fierce and vigorous? Director Huang, intersection master, Zhigu trend, 2019.5.22
4. Shenzhen Yuehai Street, which is the focus of the United States, has an annual revenue of more than 1.1 trillion yuan. What on earth is the origin? Kechuang Financial Exchange, May 22, 2019
5. The terrible Nanshan Mountain! Just listed 136, there are 320 queues, there will be 9 Metro Technology Parks in the future! Shenzhen Dream, 2017.8.15
6. Why Shenzhen? Gao Xuesi, Looking at Think Tank, October 9, 2018
7. Wu Xiaobo, Thirty Years of Excitation, the third edition of CITIC Publishing Group, December 2017
8. Not only Huawei, ZTE, Dajiang, Shenzhen Nanshan this.
9. From ZTE to Huawei and then to the blockade of the United States, Shenzhen's manufacturing industry witnessed strong fast technology, 2019.5.22
10. Report on Government Work in Nanshan District in 2018 and Report on Government Work in Nanshan District in 2019
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