Earlier this year, Yu Chengdong was "spoiled" in an interview: We have already developed our own domestic operating system. When one day we can no longer use the two major systems in the United States, Huawei will come up with a ready-made one. The domestic operating system is used instead. This is our Plan B.
The two major systems in the United States refer to Google’s Android andMicrosoftofWindowsThey are the overlord of the mobile and PC. Among them, Android benefits from the open source feature, occupying more than 80% market share on the mobile side, the second is Apple's iOS system; on the PC side, the main players are Windows and Apple's macOS.
At present, the operating systems of domestic mobile phone manufacturers are basically based on the underlying Android system to improve, Huawei's EMUI,MilletThis is true of miui and so on. But this fall, Huawei is likely to break the existing pattern.
Huawei OS will be available soon
According to the reporter, Huawei has planned its own operating system since 2012, and the standby name is “Hong Meng”. Hong Meng, the usual interpretation is in the ancient times of Chinese myths and legends. Before the Pangu was opened up in the Kunlun Mountains, the world was a chaotic spirit. This natural vitality was called Hongmeng, so the era was called the Hongmeng era. Your own operating system may also bring a new situation to Huawei mobile phones.
It is reported that Huawei's operating system is developed by Euler Labs under the Huawei 2012 Lab. There are many laboratories in 2012, including Shannon Lab, Goss Lab, Scherd Lab, Euler Lab, Turing Lab, etc. . Huawei's achievements in basic research and development have gradually appeared.
On May 24, the reporter found in the Trademark Office of the State Intellectual Property Office that there were two trademarks named “Huawei Hongmeng”, and the applicants were all Huawei.
There are some differences between the two product names and services, one of which can be used as an operating system program, computer operating program, graphics accelerator and file management computer program; the other is computer software design, software as a service (SaaS), and can pass The website provides computer technology and programming information.
Although there is an operating system, the specific name may need to wait until the fall. Previously, Yu Chengdong also forwarded the article "Huawei's mobile operating system past" in the circle of friends, and said: "In addition to their own chips, there are core capabilities of the operating system." At the same time, Yu Chengdong also said that he is willing to continue to use Google and Microsoft. .
And Huawei had to "turn positive" to its own system, which was also caused by the US ban. On May 20th, Google said it was complying with the order and reviewed its impact. However, Huawei stated that it has the ability to continue to develop and use the Android ecosystem, domestic products are not affected, and existing products around the world are not affected. If overseas users cannot use Google GMS service on Huawei's new machine, the overseas market will be affected, but if Android loses Huawei's huge customer, its ecology will be greatly damaged.
Some insiders also said that for Huawei, the independent operating system is a backup plan in an extreme environment, and it is not intended to replace the partner.
Before the introduction of the operating system, Huawei has released the Ark compiler, and the Ark compiler can optimize Android more deeply, which also lays the foundation for cooperation with the operating system.
In an interview on May 21, Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei told reporters that it is not difficult to make an operating system, and the difficulty is ecological. "How to build an ecology? This is a big thing, take it slowly. To be an operating system is not necessarily a substitute for others, because Huawei itself needs it in artificial intelligence and the Internet of Everything."
The report of China Merchants Securities pointed out that compared with foreign countries, the technical development of operating systems is not difficult, nor is it a core factor that restricts the development of domestic operating systems. The main reason for not being able to occupy a place in the market is that the domestic operating system lacks the ecological environment in which high-quality applications are carried.
The mobile operating system has long been monopolized by Android and iOS systems, and other mobile operating systems have gradually been eliminated. Microsoft has officially announced the withdrawal of the Windows Phone system, and Samsung’s Tizen system has becomeTVSystem, Ali's operating system is transferred to the terminal such as the car. The advantage of Android and iOS lies in its good software ecosystem, which allows developers to create high-quality applications, and users are willing to pay for a virtuous circle, and developers are willing to continue development.
Operating system war
This means building ecology is the key, and the most important thing to build an ecosystem is developers, especially high quality developers. Whether it's Apple's App Store or Google's Android, you need to win over developers.
An Android system developer told 21Tech: "The developers around the Android/java system are very large and very high quality. They built a barrier that can be said to be almost impossible to destroy for the entire Android world and the Google ecosystem. In addition to Android systems, such as the TensorFlow framework behind AlphaGo, Google has also opened up some code and gathered a lot of developers."
However, it is not known that Huawei's operating system is another way, or similar to Android, using the Linux kernel. If it is completely different from Android and iOS systems, then the ecosystem that Huawei needs to construct will be very large, and it is necessary to draw a lot of developers to develop software applications for Huawei separately.
However, from the point of view of compatible Android applications, the probability of adopting the Linux kernel is relatively large, and there are also many challenges. The aforementioned developers also told reporters: "First of all, the OS must be popular or rely on Android applications. Although it is fully compatible, the Android application is updated with the update of Android, so Huawei's OS still needs to stare at the Android update. Secondly, whether other mobile phone manufacturers are willing to use Huawei OS is also a problem. If Huawei only uses it, although Huawei's mobile phone shipments exceed 200 million units a year, it is not easy to build Huawei ecosystem independently. Huawei mobile phones also use Huawei operating systems, leaving Google services, some applications are still not available. However, Huawei and Google are still discussing solutions, but also need to look at the follow-up situation."
It is worth noting that in addition to mobile phones and PC operating systems, there is competition for artificial intelligence operating systems (ie, artificial intelligence frameworks). There are many vendors and technology genres in the chip, but there are only a handful of operating systems in the world. The ecosystem built on the operating system determines the life rhythm of all hardware and software.
In the era of PC and Internet, there are still relatively closed operating systems between Microsoft and Apple. Only Android is open source, which makes other countries that do not have operating system technology have the motivation to develop operating systems. Today, Huawei's operating system is highly anticipated.
But in the era of artificial intelligence, Google, Facebook, etc. have opened up their top-level deep learning framework, and freely give computing power, build a community for free, and even spend a lot of effort to train developers. The fundamental purpose is to build a very high migration. Cost, if the top developers are attracted to the Google, Facebook camp, it is very difficult to let them learn the domestic smart framework.
The same is true for the company. If there is a ready-made free open source technology solution, it takes great strength and courage to invest huge amounts of manpower to develop the underlying technology. In the artificial intelligence framework, there are Baidu's Paddle-Paddle, Ali's PAI, Huawei's Mindspore (not open source), but the volume is still small. At present, China can only expect giants such as Huawei and BAT to have such a determination to regain a game in the PC and Internet operating systems and in the future in the artificial intelligence operating system.