It is very difficult for the Huawei operating system to succeed, especially the mobile operating system. But the 5G era is a rare opportunity for Huawei.
Titanium Media Author: Wang Xinxi
Huawei has announced that the operating system will be available this fall. There have been many discussions about it. Perhaps it seems to many people that Trump sanctions and Google’s confiscation have forced Huawei to turn its spare tires.
However, in my opinion, the operating system may be Huawei's homeopathic trend based on the 5G era. The US sanctions have just pushed one.
From the evolution of the historical operating system, the bottom layer of Apple is the secondary development of UNIX. The bottom layer of Android is the secondary development based on Linux. The two major factions evolved through filtering, but the origin is Unix, so both They are two branches that have been extended on the basis of the accumulation of technology by their predecessors.
Since Microsoft introduced Windows 1.0 in 1985, it has evolved into XP systems after many optimizations and periodic iterations such as windows98 and 2000.
Huawei needs an operating system out of thin air, and it has to develop to a higher level. There are problems in technology accumulation and iteration. The development cycle of the operating system is long, and it takes time to optimize the iteration. In the smart phone industry, the change is too fast. It’s unrealistic to want to make an operating system in a short time to catch up with Google’s Apple, but it’s too long to wait.
Moreover, the development of the system is difficult in the kernel, the system kernel is a relatively complex thing, including the design of many modules to take into account scalability, software architecture design, algorithms, code control and many other aspects.
From the overall status quo of the country, the software industry is also dependent on the Western technology system and top-level standard design. There is no programming language and software development tools. The software industry is content-filled and designed and developed within the framework of the Western technology system. The architecture and interface for further development —— according to the Android Open Source Project (AOSP), create a customized version of the Android operating system, the software industry is still not strong, so it ultimately reflects the vacancy of the operating system.
The above mentioned difficulties have existed and existed. Moreover, in the environment of Android and iOS monopoly operating system market, Windows mobile phone system and Samsung Tizen system, Nokia Symbian system have failed in the past.
However, Huawei's system and Microsoft and other large factories out of the operating system, the subjective and objective environment and historical environment are no longer the same.
Windows mobile phone systems and Samsung Tizen system, Nokia Symbian system and other failures have their objective historical reasons. First, when they first came out, Android was just like the sky, the camp was ecologically stable, and the manufacturers did not have any power to convert other operating systems.
The second is that no matter Nokia, Samsung, or Microsoft, there is a lack of a local market that breeds a huge ecology. Microsoft operating system has to be in the US market with mature Android and iOS. On the one hand, the system interface and experience are far behind. Second, consumers are moving from Saipan to Android, iOS, and people are not willing to toss. Therefore, no matter whether it is consumer psychology or the market, there is no motivation to change the operating system.
However, the problem now is that, on the one hand, the domestic market is large enough. From the perspective of mobile phone manufacturers, the global total market share of domestic mobile phone manufacturers has already occupied a large position, not to mention the software ecology, not to mention software manufacturers such as BAT and domestic mobile phone hardware manufacturers. The domestic essence is a closed-loop software and hardware ecosystem. If Huawei cooperates with many domestic Internet manufacturers and hardware manufacturers, it is enough to incubate a sufficiently large operating system software ecosystem.
Second, Google's out of service, it will not only shake the confidence of developers, mobile phone manufacturers, but also weaken the user's trust in Android's complete application service system, Google's approach is equivalent to weakening the military of the Android camp.
Third, in the context of US sanctions on Huawei, the national sentiment is biased towards supporting Huawei. At this moment, Huawei is actually more crisis-free than ever before. It can also gain more external support and better users. Centripetal force. The fragmentation of Android and the incomplete mechanism and architecture of domestic Android are also quite criticized. The motive is there, and the ecology can still be established slowly.
The industry knows that Huawei's system will open up all the intelligent electronic devices such as mobile phones, computers, tablets, TVs, cars and smart wearers, and integrate all functions into one operating system. This system will be compatible with all Android applications. And the web application, its model is similar to the new system Fuchsia that Android will promote next.
In other words, Huawei has to compete with Google on the same stage. In essence, this is a set of 5G era operating systems, docking the ecology of the Internet of Things.
The difficulty of forming an ecosystem of operating systems is well known, but the opportunity lies in the fact that on the one hand, the wave of 5G technology in the world is coming, and the era of the Internet of Everything needs an operating system to form a more comprehensive and huge software and hardware ecosystem.
The operating systems developed by Google, including Android on the mobile side and Chrome OS on the cloud, all use Linux as the kernel. However, in the 5G era, Linux-based system services are needed, but they cannot solve all application scenarios perfectly, including in-vehicle systems and the Internet of Things. device.
What needs to be realized is that according to the Financial Times, Huawei's operating system is not a temporary cradle, and research and development time has been at least 7 years.
Therefore, at this point in time, Huawei proposed to release a new system in the fall, which may not be just an alternative to the US spare, but a strategic deployment for the next generation communication network.
From its mobile phone, tablet, computer, TV, car, wearable device, etc., it is not a mobile phone operating system, not a spare tire for the 4G era, but a 5G-oriented operating system, that is, When 5G really became popular, in the 5G era, Android faced an adaptive problem. At the operating system level, it needed new adaptive changes.
Relative to Google, Huawei may have a deeper understanding in the 5G field. 5G is a necessary prerequisite for cloud storage, Internet of Things, big data, and artificial intelligence. Considering that Huawei may provide wearable devices and low-power IoT devices in the future. It may also be an operating system that uses a microkernel.
Because the existing ecosystem is basically based on linux's system services. Moreover, Fuchsia developed by Google is also a microkernel + Linux compatibility layer structure. Therefore, Huawei's biggest possibility is similar to Google's structure using the microkernel + Linux compatibility layer.
For Huawei, you can modify the scheduling and mid-end mechanism of Linux and change it to its own micro-kernel to ensure that various code can be compiled and run on the existing platform without modification. The bottom layer of the system is Huawei self-developed OS. But for upper-level users and application developers, you also need to ensure that the system running experience is not affected.
It is also said that Google's Fuchsia has two cores, one is lightweight & lsquo;LittleKernel & rsquo;, can be used for small devices such as the Internet of Things; one is & lsquo;Magenta& rsquo;, developed from LittleKernel, more scalable, Compatible with mobile phones and PC operating systems. So Fuchsia not only meets mobile phones and computer equipment, but also IoT devices.
The current Android Open Source Project (AOSP) already includes Fuchsia's development kit, and there are rumors that Google has also migrated Android's runtime ART to Fuchsia —— in other words, Fuchsia is also fully compatible with Android native programs. .
In general, Google will replace Android with Fuchsia's new system, including TVs, car media systems, computer computers, furniture and smartphones, and smartphones. It is also because Google has seen the defects of Android in the 4G era. Obviously, it may not be suitable for the architecture of the 5G era, it needs to create a brand new operating system for the 5G Internet of Things.
And this operating system may be compatible with Android technology, because in the past Android Linux-based kernel coupling is low, a system based on 5G higher dimension to achieve Android compatibility can be done at the technical level, it is pointed out, At that time, the Microsoft operating system was even higher than the Android operating environment based on the NT kernel.
If you are developing an operating system for the 5G Internet of Things era, you should quickly form an IoT application ecosystem. Google's new system Fuchsia also faces this problem. Moreover, the current Google’s severance of sanctions has made it necessary for manufacturers to consider joining the new Google system Fuchsia. Google wants to form a similar Android ecosystem with mobile phone manufacturers and hardware manufacturers in the Internet of Things era. The difficulty is not what it used to be.
From the perspective of the mobile phone industry itself, manufacturers will be more aware of the core technology and key components of the supply chain than any previous historical period. In the future, domestic mobile phones may be more inclined to cultivate domestic industrial chain manufacturers, to achieve self-production and supply of key components, at least to have a backup solution, based on the formation and improvement of the hardware industry chain may not be a problem.
At the hardware manufacturer level, in addition to Samsung, the Android mobile phone market is basically the mainstream of domestic mobile phone manufacturers. Therefore, an independent operating system is particularly urgent.
At the software ecology level, Internet giants dominate the domestic software application ecosystem. According to statistics, BAT and its investment applications account for more than 70% of the market. If Huawei can continue to support its growing support The self-produced operating system, now or the vendors rely on their own survival and crisis to support its first users and developers more than in the past, it should be easier than ever to spawn the cold boot process of the operating system platform .
Chinese people are increasingly demanding domestically produced systems, and Google’s approach is to destroy the ecology and give up market share. At the moment, the 5G, AI, and the Internet of Everything are practical nodes, whether it is smart TV, home appliances, and the future. AR and VR devices, as well as a large number of commercial and home IoT terminals, will be connected to a new operating system in the future, supporting 5G application play and multiplying data traffic, releasing 5G potential.
Apple and Google can use the mobile system to bend and overtake the Microsoft's monopoly desktop system. This is because the new generation of technology and the new generation of mobile terminals have built the mobile Internet beyond the scope of PC operating system coverage.
In the era of 5G Internet of Things, it has also surpassed the technology and network coverage of the 4G mobile Internet era. If you can master the underlying architecture of the 5G Internet of Things era, you can make a truly higher dimension of the Internet of Things OS system. It is possible to make overclocking for Android and iOS systems.
This requires Huawei to join the heavyweight eco-players to form an ecologically synergistic and win-win operating system. In the previous article, the author pointed out that for Huawei, it is best to agree on a model of common governance, with several major vendors Equipped with certain voting rights and voices, and an open agreement with all parties to convince vendors to participate.
Although domestic smart phone hardware and software manufacturers actually need to work together, but because hardware and mobile phone manufacturers are in the same industry, it is difficult to let all sides dispel concerns, this is the most difficult place.
Therefore, once Huawei's operating system is launched, Google may be very anxious. Although it is hard to say whether it can be successful, it is judged from the current subjective and objective conditions, the current or the best time.