A co-signed article by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the Institute of Human History Sciences of the Mapu Society of Germany, (Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History), published a co-signed article in (Science Advances), providing direct evidence that Pamir ancestors burned and smoked marijuana.
The team conducted an in-depth study of the Gilzankal cemetery, which is located on the Gilzan-Khala platform on the west bank of the Tashkurgan River in the northeast of Quman Village, Tishkurgan Tajik Autonomous County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, at an altitude of about 3,070 meters. The Tajik language of Jilzank is Jerzankol, meaning "where the eagle stands on the rock".
Cannabis is one of the earliest cultivated plants in East Asia and is one of the most widely used psychotropic substances in the world today. However, little is known about the development of higher concentrations of psychotropic compounds in cannabis plants that are used for their early mental activity or when they are cultivated. Most of the evidence for the early use of cannabis's mental activity attributes comes from written records, but scholars have doubts about its reliability; archaeological evidence for the use of such plants during rituals is rather limited.
In the inspection of the cemetery, 10 wooden braziers were found in 8 tombs, and these brazies contained stones with obvious burning marks. For the investigation, they extracted organic matter from wood chips and burned stones and analyzed them by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. To their surprise, the results showed a precise match with the chemical characteristics of cannabis, especially with their high levels of THC, the most potent psychoactive substance in the plant.
Cannabis is one of the major drugs and medical plants in the world today. However, in ancient society, human use of marijuana paid more attention to the “ceremonial feeling”; in religious activities and other activities, cannabis as a hallucinogen can directly influence the ritual participants. The state of mind and body allows people to gain transcendental perception and experience. Although the specific religious beliefs and ideas of the ancestors in the Tashkurgan area were still to be explored, according to the many archaeological phenomena presented by the Gilzankari tombs, we can initially outline some of the ritual behaviors of the site: the flames of jumping, the The rhythm of music, combined with the psychedelic smog and aromatic scent released by burning cannabis, is aimed at guiding people's ideology into a special illusion and gaining communication and connection with “supernatural”.