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How many of these technologies have you seen from NASA?

via:科技日报     time:2019/7/9 10:01:54     readed:153

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Memory foam mattress

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Infant formula

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Mobile phone camera

Today's point of view

Food: baby milk powder, freeze-dried fruit, food safety packaging

Currently, more than 90% of infant formula in the United States contains microalgae. Originally a product of NASA research, the aim of the study was to test the potential use of algae as a “recovery agent” for oxygen in space travel.

Freeze-dried fruit is a common snack. But NASA's goal of developing freeze-drying technology is to make the fruit in the Apollo mission more portable, and the technology can maintain 98% nutrition at 20% quality.

In order to ensure safe quality control methods for space flight food development, NASA has become a food industry standard to protect food safety for consumers around the world.

Life: Memory foam mattress, scratch-resistant lens, UV-resistant sunglasses, cordless vacuumvacuum cleaner, Nike air cushion sports shoes, space blankets, ski boots

The comfortable memory foam mattress can fully fit the human body and relieve stress, which is a must for many families. The memory foam was not originally used for mattresses. It was originally developed by NASA to cushion the impact of spacecraft landing on astronauts.

The scratch-resistant lens has a longer life than ordinary glass. In fact, the scratch-resistant coating is a "by-product" that NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) inadvertently discovered when studying aerospace diamond hard coatings.

In the 1980s, two scientists from JPL developed a pair of welding glasses that absorbed, filtered, and scattered the glare from the welding process. Later, the technology was widely used in UV protection sunglasses.

Originally, Black&Decker was commissioned to develop a portable device for the Apollo and Gemini missions to extract samples from below the lunar surface. This technology has been improved to become a "cordless vacuum cleaner."

Nike air-cushion sneakers use the patented “Blow Molding Rubber Molding” technology obtained by former NASA engineer M. Frank Rudy, which was originally applied to spacesuits.

Insulation and insulation of the space blanket are essential for survival in the wild and marathon. But it was originally developed by NASA to protect spacecraft and astronauts at low temperatures.

In addition, NASA's technology in the joints of space suits has been improved and used in ski boots to improve athletes' ability to control skiing.

Home: swimming pool purification system, household insulation materials

To combat extremely low space temperatures, NASA uses aluminized polyester to create an insulating material called a "radiation barrier." According to JPL, aluminized polyester is now used in most household insulation materials.

In the 1960s, NASA developed an electrolytic silver iodide filter to provide astronauts with clean drinking water, which is now widely used to purify swimming pools.

Travel: Aircraft de-icing system, precision GPS, road anti-skid trough, better tires

According to NASA's technology transfer plan, civil aircraft can fly in cold weather, mainly thanks to a thermal deicing system called Thermaling developed by NASA.

Many mobile phones have installed precision GPS technology developed by JPL, and their data comes from the JPL global GPS receiver network. Even if you don't have a wireless connection, you can still use GPS positioning on your phone.

NASA's Langley Research Center developed anti-skid technology to prevent aircraft from accidents on wet runways. Later, the technology was widely used on highways.

In the 1970s, Goodyear developed a new tire material for the NASA "Pirate" Mars probe for the parachute system. The technology was later used to improve ordinary tires, increasing their lifespan by 10,000 miles.

Electronic products: mobile phone cameras, notebook computers, high-power solar cells, wireless headphones, mice, CAT scanners

In the 1990s, NASA asked JPL scientists to create a tiny camera that could be mounted on a spacecraft while preserving the quality of the camera. JPL says that one-third of mobile phone cameras now use this technology.

According to the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, "Grid Compass" is the world's first laptop, first used in space shuttle missions in 1983, which is one of NASA's inventions.

The crystalline silicon solar cells used in the home were originally derived from the lightweight solar energy system developed by NASA's Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology Alliance for electric aircraft.

NASA developed wireless headsets for astronauts to facilitate communication. Now this technology has entered thousands of households.

According to JPL, a NASA researcher developed a computer mouse in the 1960s to allow users to operate on a computer screen, making the computer more interactive.

JPL originally developed a CAT scanner that scans aerospace components for advanced digital images to detect flaws. Now, it has become a commonly used medical instrument.

Healthcare: implantable cochlear, invisible dental appliance, ear thermometer

Kennedy Space Center engineer Adam ⋅基塞 developed his early artificial implanted cochlea using his work experience in electronic, acoustic and vibration sensor systems in the space shuttle program, using electrical pulses instead of sound amplification techniques.

Invisible dental appliances are more aesthetically pleasing than traditional metal appliances, made of transparent polycrystalline alumina, originally developed by NASA to track heat-seeking missiles.

Nowadays, many parents use ear thermometers to measure the body temperature of sick babies or young children. JPL said the thermometer uses infrared anatomy invented by NASA and Dietek.

These 25 technologies, there is always one you have seen, touched, used. Aerospace technology can't be used only in high-altitude space. After landing, it will improve our quality of life. This is one of the driving forces for human beings to explore and fly higher and further.

(Technology Daily, Beijing, July 8th)

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