The report notes that experts and government officials have for many years been recommending states to use verifiable paper ballots for elections, but a few still use electronic methods that may be vulnerable to cyber attacks. In 2016, 14 states used paperless machines, and although the number is now 11, the report estimates that no more than eight states will use them in the 2020 elections.
But the report also found that most states do not require review of these paper records, the official review of randomly selected ballots - another step suggested by experts. Currently only 22 states and the District of Columbia have paper records that can be verified by electors, and they are required to be audited before the elections are certified. The report said that by 2020 the election will increase by at least 24 states. “However,” the report stated, “If they have the resources and are willing to do so, then most of these remaining states cannot stop these audits.”
Getting resources seems to be a key issue. According to the report, many jurisdictions want to switch to new equipment, but there is no funding to do so.
Because the Democrats attacked Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, saying it repeatedly prevented the House of Lords from voting on two House Democrat bills, the bills require states to use paper ballots and review the results, and impose security requirements on election technology companies. This also makes election security a new focus of recent debate.