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Demystify the 50 most powerful people of Tencent: they master the new technology empire

via:博客园     time:2019/4/30 14:33:13     readed:1732


Editor / Jin Lei, Daming, Pengfei

Source: New Wisdom (ID: AI_era)

【新智元导读】Tencent, as one of China's super-scientific technology companies, the management team behind it must be hidden in the dragon, and there will be countless. Recently, The Information announced the organizational structure of the management team behind Tencent. What kind of “super team” can we build such a powerful and huge army? Mystery is about to be revealed!

The whole people "WeChat", "QQ", and even "the glory of the king" is behind the Tencent, what kind of mysterious power?


& ldquo; Tencent & rdquo; This name can be described as a household name. From the birth of QQ to the later WeChat, it seems that its products have become the representative of China's national instant messaging.

Then, in terms of game entertainment, social, technology, etc., this technology giant has shown strong hard power. So what is the core mission team of such a powerful technology empire?

Recently, The Information released Tencent“most power”More than 50 peopleThe organization chart, the answer is about to be announced!


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More than 50 executives manage 54,000 employees, and Zhang Xiaolong has the highest salary

Ma Huateng, the popularity of this name can be said to be equivalent to Tencent.


Ma Huateng

Pony Ma is the co-founder and CEO of Tencent, a Chinese technology giant. Ma Huateng, who has some “small gas” in his appearance, is interested in astronomy outside of work. For a long time, he has always represented Tencent's public image.

But in addition to Ma Huateng, who is in charge of Tencent's daily business, there is also Group President Martin Lau. According to The Information, all Tencent executives report to the former Goldman Sachs banker who joined Tencent in 2005. In addition to Daniel Xu, he is one of Tencent's co-founders and is currently the chief information officer. Because Tencent keeps its organizational structure confidential, even current and former managers who are in contact with The Information do not know who is reporting directly to Liu Chiping.


This organizational chart contains the names of more than 50 executives who play a key role in Tencent's six business groups (BGs). Together they oversee more than 54,000 employees of Tencent, one of the world's most value-added technology companies, with approximately $467 billion and annual revenues of $46 billion.

According to The Information, Tencent’s two highest paid employees are WeChat founder Allen Zhang and Mark Ren, the chief operating officer who oversees Tencent’s gaming business and its online content platform.

According to people familiar with the matter, Zhang Xiaolong and Ren Yuqi earned about 80 million US dollars and 70 million US dollars respectively last year. Both reported to Liu Chiping that Liu Chiping’s income was about $47 million, mainly stock options. (With the passage of time, the market value of the option may be higher: Last year, Liu Bing paralleled the stock options acquired in 2010 and received an additional benefit of about $128 million.)

Another important player in Tencent is Chief Strategy Officer James & Middot; James Mitchell, hired by Liu Chiping from Goldman Sachs in 2011. Mitchell helped Liu Chiping to make Tencent one of the most influential technology investors in the world. In a speech earlier this year, Liu said that Tencent has invested in more than 700 companies.

What is certain is that the actual power dynamics within Tencent are more flexible than the reports. According to informed sources, some of the executives reporting to Liu Chiping, some people, such as Zhang Xiaolong and Ren Yuzhen & mdash; — have higher autonomy.

In Tencent's architecture, the most important thing is that a department is the highest management team within its name called “General Office”. The “General Office” consisting of the top 14 executives of Tencent will hold monthly strategic meetings with each business group (BG) and make closed-door decisions.

Ma Huateng and his 12-bit veteran

Liu Chiping

He is currently an executive director of Tencent.


In 1995, he obtained a master's degree in business administration from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. In 1998, he holds a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from the University of Michigan and a master's degree in electrical engineering from Stanford University.

After graduating, he worked as a management consultant at McKinsey & Company, and later served as executive director of Goldman Sachs Asia Investment Banking and chief operating officer of the telecommunications, media and technology industry group.

He joined Tencent in 2005 and became the company's chief strategic investment officer, responsible for corporate strategy, investment, mergers and acquisitions and investor relations;

In February 2006, he was appointed as the president of Tencent, helping the chairman and CEO of the board, Ma Huateng, to be responsible for the day-to-day management and operation of the company;

In March 2007, he was appointed as an executive director.

Ten of Tencent’s 10 generals need to report to Liu Chiping.


Ren Yuzhen

He is currently the Chief Operating Officer of Tencent Functional Corporation, President of the Platform and Content Business Group (PCG), and President of the Interactive Entertainment Business Group (IEG).


In 1998, he graduated from the School of Computer Science and Engineering of the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China. In 2008, he obtained an EMBA degree from China Europe International Business School.

From May 2012, he will fully lead the work of Tencent's social network business group and interactive entertainment business group;

Since September 2018, he has been fully responsible for the management and development of the platform and content business group and the interactive entertainment business group.

A total of 7 people who need to report to Ren Yuxi, including:

Ma Xiaotong, Vice President, Interactive Entertainment Business System

Liang Zhu, Vice President of SNG Social Network Business Group

Yin Yu, vice president and head of instant messaging line

Lin Songtao, Vice President, OMG Network Business Group

Chen Juhong, Vice President of Tencent

Vice President of Tencent, CEO of Tencent Pictures CEO Cheng Wu

Vice President of Tencent, Peng Zhong Film CEO Sun Zhonghuai


In addition, 8 people including Wang Bo, Lu Peng and Liu Ming, who are facing career development and studio groups, need to report to Ren Yuzhen.


James Mitchell

He is currently the Chief Strategy Officer of Tencent and the Senior Executive Vice President of the Group.


James graduated from Oxford University in the UK and is a Chartered Financial Analyst.

Prior to joining Tencent James was the Managing Director of Goldman Sachs, where he was responsible for research in the communications, media and entertainment industries and has a deep understanding of the global Internet, entertainment and media industries.

Joined Tencent in 2011, responsible for the company's strategic planning and implementation, investor relations management, providing strategic advice on the company's business planning and business model, as well as strengthening the two-way communication between the company and the investment environment.

A total of 6 people who need to report to James, including Lin Biao, Li Zhaohui, Lin Haifeng, Chen Huifen, Yang Baoshu and Lai Zhiming.


Luo Shuoyu

He is currently the senior vice president and chief financial officer of Tencent.


Luo Shuoyu holds a Bachelor of Commerce degree from Curtin University of Technology in Western Australia and an EMBA degree from Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.

He is also qualified as a senior certified public accountant in Australia, a fellow member of the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants and a member of the Royal Chartered Institute of Management Accountants.

In 2004, he joined Tencent as the Chief Financial Officer and in 2008 served as Group Vice President and Deputy Chief Financial Officer. In 2012, he was promoted to Group Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.

A total of 4 people who need to report to Luo Shuo, including Xie Qinghua, Zheng Runming, Yuan Jianhui and Zeng Weiye.


David Wallerstein

He is currently the chief exploration officer of Tencent.


Since 2001, he has served as Senior Executive Vice President of Tencent's International Business Unit, and has promoted Tencent's international business with international partners and is responsible for Tencent's services outside mainland China. Prior to this, Mr. Wang Dawei was the Vice President of Business Development at MIH China, responsible for China's Internet strategy and mergers and acquisitions.

Tang Daosheng

He is currently Senior Executive Vice President of Tencent, President of Cloud and Smart Industry Group, and Chairman of Tencent Music Entertainment Group.


Tang Daosheng is fully responsible for the operation and management of the cloud and smart industry business group, promoting the strategic planning and development of the company in the cloud and industry Internet, and jointly managing advertising marketing services, and is responsible for Tencent Music Entertainment Group. Tang Daosheng joined Tencent in 2005 and was the head of the open platform and QQ and QQ space.

Prior to joining Tencent, he worked in Sendmail and Oracle in the US, working on enterprise software development and management. Tang Daosheng received a bachelor's degree in computer engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994 and a master's degree in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1997.

A total of 5 people reported directly to Tang Daosheng, namely:


Qiu Yuepeng (Tencent Cloud) joined Tencent in 2002 and is one of the important designers of Tencent's massive service architecture. He was responsible for the overall technical work of QQ, QQ space, QQ show, QQ members and other businesses. He has served as general manager of the Internet operation department and technical leader of the social network business group. In 2014, he served as the vice president of Tencent, responsible for the operation and R&D of Tencent's social network business group, as well as the overall management of the cloud platform and other services.

Ding Wei (medical, online security), vice president of Tencent, the head of Tencent Security, a well-known domestic security expert. He joined Tencent in 2003 and served as the department head and general manager of the nine business departments including the Telecom Division, Wireless Products Division, Wireless R&D Department, and 3G Product Center. He is one of the founders of Tencent's multiple product lines.

Zhong Xiangping (mobile). He joined Tencent in July 2004 and is currently the vice president of Tencent. He led the launch of the browser project, incubating the basic version of the mobile QQ browser, and led the team to make the mobile QQ browser the first in the industry from the initial market followers.

Yao Xing (Artificial Intelligence), Vice President of Tencent Group, is responsible for coordinating the technical system construction, capacity improvement and resource allocation of OMG business.

In addition, Lin Biao, who is responsible for the smart retail business, also reports directly to Tang Daosheng.

Zhang Xiaolong

He is currently the senior executive vice president of Tencent and the president of the WeChat business group.


In March 2005, Zhang Xiaolong joined Tencent as the general manager of the R&D department of Guangzhou, and led the team to build QQ mailbox into the largest mail service provider in China, and then promoted to the company's vice president. In September 2012, Zhang Xiaolong was promoted to Senior Vice President of the Group. He was responsible for the management of products and teams such as WeChat and E-mail, and participated in the management and evaluation of Tencent's major innovation projects.

In May 2014, Zhang Xiaolong was promoted to Senior Executive Vice President of the Group and was responsible for the management of the WeChat business group. Prior to joining Tencent, Zhang Xiaolong independently developed Foxmail in 1997 and is the first generation of Internet software developer in China. In 2000, he joined Boda as a vice president and worked in the enterprise mailbox field. Zhang Xiaolong graduated from the Department of Telecommunications of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 1994 with a master's degree.

A total of 7 people reporting directly to Zhang Xiaolong:


Zhang Ying (WeChat Payment): Vice President of Tencent and General Manager of WeChat Payment. He joined Tencent in 2002 and was responsible for important business of QQ Music Department, Tencent Video Department and QQ Member Product Department. In 2016, he served as General Manager of WeChat Payments Joint Products Department.

In addition, Zeng Ming (open platform), Zhang Xiaochao (basic platform products), Zhou Wei (search, recommendation), Huang Tieming (enterprise WeChat), Zhu Liqun (market) and Yin Ting (strategy) also reported directly to Zhang Xiaolong.


He is currently the senior executive vice president of Tencent and the president of the technical engineering business group.


Lushan joined Tencent in 2000 and has served as General Manager of the Instant Messaging Products Division, Vice President of the Platform R&D System, and Senior Vice President of the Operating Platform System. Since March 2008, Lushan has been responsible for the management of Tencent's operating platform system. Since May 2012, he has been responsible for the management of the technical engineering business group. Prior to joining Tencent, Lushan worked at Shenzhen Liming Network Systems Co., Ltd. Lu Shan graduated from the University of Science and Technology of China in 1998 with a Bachelor of Science in Computer Software.

There are 2 people reporting directly to Lushan:


Bie Hongtao (Big Data): Vice President of Tencent Group, responsible for the design, construction and operation and maintenance of Tencent's data center, network and system infrastructure.

Yao Xing (Artificial Intelligence): Vice President of Tencent Group, responsible for coordinating the technical system construction, capacity improvement and resource allocation of OMG business.

Liu Shengyi

Senior Executive Vice President of the Group, Chairman of the Group Market and Global Brands.


He joined Tencent in 2006 and served as senior executive vice president, and served as president of the online media business group for the next 11 years. In 2017, he took the position of Chairman of the Tencent Group Market and Global Brand. Mr. Liu Shengyi has always been committed to promoting the long-term goal of science and technology and the realization of sustainable development of human society through technology, and as an authoritative opinion leader to deliver keynote speeches at many internationally renowned academic and industrial forums, such as the UN Summit, UN Organization Summit, Dubai International Artificial Intelligence Conference, International Monetary Fund Forum, Boao Forum for Asia and Viva-Technology. In 2015, he was awarded the 62nd Cannes International Creative Festival “Global Media of the Year”. As one of the 25 founding members of the Global Chief Marketing Officer Growth Council, he shares wisdom with other global marketing leaders, empowering the industry and driving growth.

Guo Kaitian

He is currently the senior vice president of Tencent Group, the secretary of the party committee, the chairman of Tencent Charity Foundation, and the chairman of Tencent Research Institute.


He joined the Communist Party of China in May 1996 and graduated from the Economic Law Department of Zhongnan University of Economics and Law in June 1996.

Joined Tencent in February 2002

Since September 2007, he has been fully responsible for the management of functional systems such as group legal affairs, administration, infrastructure, procurement, public strategy, safety management, and corporate social responsibility.

Founded Tencent Research Institute in 2014 and served as Dean of Tencent Research Institute

In 2015, Tencent Company signed a government cooperation agreement with the Henan Provincial Government, the Chongqing Municipal Government, the Hebei Provincial Government, the Heilongjiang Provincial Government, and Changsha City. In the same year, Guo Kaitian led the Tencent Research Institute to release the industry's first “Internet +” large-scale research report “Tencent” “Internet+” Index Report”

Guo Kaitian experienced the journey of Tencent's growth from dozens of startup companies to China's largest Internet company, and personally participated in and witnessed the rapid development of China's Internet industry.

A total of 3 Vice Presidents of Tencent reported to Guo Kaitian, namely:

Vice President and General Counsel of Tencent, and Director of Tencent Research Institute Brent Irvin (Ai Wenbo);

Xie Hu, Vice President of Tencent and Director of Tencent Research Institute;

Vice President of Tencent, Jiang Yang, Director of Tencent Research Institute.


Qi Dan

He is currently the director of Tencent Public Welfare Foundation and the vice president of Tencent. He is fully responsible for the planning and management of the Group's human resources strategy.


He obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in Computer Science and Applied Science from Shenzhen University in 1996. He obtained a Master of Business Administration degree from Tsinghua University in 2004 and has over 14 years of human resources management experience in the fast-growing enterprises in the telecommunications and Internet industries.

Joined Tencent in 2002. Prior to his current position, Mr. Qi Dan worked in various fields of human resources and comprehensive HR management at ZTE Corporation.

Xu Chenxi

He is currently the Chief Information Officer of Tencent.


In 1996, he obtained a master's degree in computer application from Nanjing University.

Xu Chenxi is one of the main founders of Tencent. He has been employed by the Group since 1999 and is fully responsible for the strategic planning and development of website property and community, customer relations and public relations.

Prior to his current position, Mr. Xu worked in the Shenzhen Data Communication Bureau and accumulated extensive experience in software system design, network management and marketing and sales management.

Tencent's future path: game business growth slows, turning to corporate services

In the past, Tencent's management structure reflected the importance of online games and social applications such as WeChat and QQ. But as game revenue growth slows, the Chinese technology giant is working hard to open up other businesses, such as advertising and corporate services. Therefore, Tencent is also transforming its organizational structure.

Last October, Tencent combined its app store, video and news. Advertising sales that were previously scattered across several groups were concentrated. At the same time, Tencent has created a new BG that provides cloud computing and other services to corporate customers in the banking, retail and healthcare sectors.

Responsible for leading Tencent's corporate customer development services is Senior Executive Vice President Dowson Tong, who is the general manager of the newly formed Cloud and Intelligent Industry Group (CSIG). Although Tang worked at Oracle before joining Tencent in 2005, he has limited experience in enterprise technology. At Tencent, he previously managed social networking and online entertainment.

One of the executives who reported directly to Tang Daosheng was former McKinsey partner Davis Lin, and some managers thought he was a rising star and was responsible for two BGs. Lin Biao, who is responsible for corporate and development group strategic advertising and strategic advice, also reported to Mitchell.

Tencent's expansion of enterprise technology is a big changeFrom the company's history, the company's business focus has always been to make money by paying for virtual items in games and social networks. Given the slowdown in user growth and the uncertainty of the gaming business, revenue from consumers is no longer sufficient to sustain steady revenue growth. In fact, every Internet user in China is already using WeChat, and WeChat has more than 1 billion monthly active users. After Chinese regulators temporarily suspended the approval of new games last year, the growth of online games business (accounting for one-third of Tencent’s revenue) was greatly affected.

Ma Huateng said at a press conference held in Hong Kong last month that Tencent is now trying to harness the next wave of "Industrial Internet". “The rapid growth of the number of netizens is over,” he said. Tencent's next phase of development will allow many corporate customers to take advantage of the company's technology and a large user base.

The mission of CSIG's head, Tang Daosheng, is very difficult. Although Tencent's cloud business is growing rapidly, the gap is still quite large compared to Alibaba Cloud. According to research firm Canalys, Ali occupied 47% of China's public cloud market in the fourth quarter of last year, while Tencent, which ranks second, has a 15% share. Tencent cloud services revenue more than doubled last year, but only accounted for less than 3% of the company's revenue.

“In terms of cloud services, Tencent is far behind Ali,” said Canalis analyst Daniel Liu. He said that in order to gain market share, Tencent will have to continue to increase investment to build more data centers, and constantly upgrade technology while offering relatively low prices to attract new customers. “The profit will be very thin. ”

Some Tencent employees working at CSIG said that the team is still researching how to build a stronger corporate marketing team and understand the needs of customers in different industries. The employee said that providing technical services to a diverse range of customers, including banks, automakers and supermarkets, requires the development of a wide range of expertise and talents for traditional consumers.

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