NASA plans to send astronauts to the surface of the moon by 2024. If the mission proceeded as planned, it would be the first time since the 1960s that humans the surface of another planet since the 1960s. Infrastructure to support long-term sustainability will have to be built before human beings reach the moon in 2024. The Artemis program will allow humans to explore the moon unprecedentedly and prepare for future manned Mars missions.
NASA said the Artemis lunar mission will be there to showcase the key elements needed for the first Mars mission. On the surface of the moon, the core of the mission will be movement, enabling astronauts to explore the moon and conduct more scientific experiments. Astronauts will use lunar terrain vehicles to transport around the landing zone. A habitable mobile platform will allow the crew to travel to the moon for up to 45 days.
The mission also includes a lunar base surface habitat that can hold four people in a matter of days. On the surface of the moon, with the development of resource utilization and power system technology, the personnel performing the mission will also have equipment that can generate resources such as oxygen and water.
At that time, mission personnel can produce fuel, drinking water and / or oxygen from local materials, which will contribute to sustainable service operations and reduce supply demand for the planet. The plan also calls for the creation of a space station in lunar orbit. The orbiting space station will be the command and control center for ground exploration, as well as the astronauts' office and home.
NASA has a plan to increase the station's habitability and related life support systems over time. The overall goal is to test supply and command capabilities around the moon for long-term deep space missions. NASA specifically envisioned a four person crew to orbit the moon and live on the outpost for months to simulate a round trip to Mars.