The new coronavirus has shown remarkable signs, according to the Science News Network
At present, these data are still scattered, and only some states and counties in the United States have classified cases and results by race. But even without national data, the numbers are grim.
Of the 130,000 known deaths, only 3,300 were ethnically classifiedAfrican Americans account for 42% of deaths。 The data also show that the gap in the south is likely to be the largest. In Louisiana and Mississippi, for example, African Americans account for more than 65 percent of known deaths.
There are also statistical differences in other regions. As of 9 April, for example, in Illinois, where infection was concentrated in the Chicago area ,28 per cent of the 16422 confirmed cases were African-Americans, but African-Americans accounted for nearly 43 per cent of the 528 deaths in the state.
Other data have found similar trends. A study of new coronavirus cases hospitalized in 14 states between march 1 and march 30 was conducted by the us center for disease control and prevention online on april 8, the weekly morbidity and mortality report.
According to data from 580 of 1482 patients, African Americans accounted for 33% of the total number of inpatients, but only 18% of the total population surveyed.
Here are three reasons why African Americans are particularly vulnerable to new coronavirus infections.
1. novel coronavirus is more likely to be exposed to African Americans.
To curb the spread of the virus and limit interpersonal transmission, states have been issuing
Driving to work alone is not realistic for many African Americans. According to a 2016 report by Pew Research Center, a nonpartisan research organization based in Washington, D.
In addition, the living conditions of African Americans may increase their risk of infection, which is significantly different. According to the January 2020 census, only 44% of African Americans own their own homes, compared with nearly 74% of whites.
2. African Americans have bigger potential health problems
Among the novel coronavirus patients, the highest risk of disease is those with other serious health problems, such as hypertension, diabetes and heart disease. According to the American Heart Association, more than 40% of African Americans are suffering from hypertension, and one of the highest incidence rate of hypertension in the world. By contrast, about a third of white Americans have high blood pressure. Similarly, African Americans have a higher proportion of diabetes.
This increased risk is also associated with the excessive exposure of African Americans to air pollution. this contamination is associated with chronic health problems such as asthma, obesity and cardiovascular disease. In addition, the researchers believe that poor community environments are a possible cause of poor health among African Americans. Research shows that people can improve their health by moving to a better environment community.
3. African Americans have less access to medical services and often lack trust in caregivers
Inequalities in access to health services, including inadequate health insurance, fear of discrimination and a sense of distance from clinics and hospitals, make it more difficult for many African Americans to have access to health services that control chronic diseases.
According to a December 2019 report by the century foundation, an independent think-tank based in New York and Washington, D.C., African Americans have a higher proportion of no health insurance than whites. African Americans with insurance spend a larger proportion of their income on premiums and out of pocket expenses, about 20%, while Americans spend an average of about 11%.
In addition, African Americans see a smaller proportion of doctors. Part of the reason may be that african-americans have long been distrustful of health-care institutions, such as a study in the us city of where hundreds of african-american people with syphilis have refused treatment for a decade.