In recent years, the domestic communication industry has been in the pattern of mobile, Unicom, telecommunications, because it has been in a monopoly state, lack of competition, so that the declining day by day.
Especially this year, the way major operators promote five G packages also makes consumers complain, 5G tariff is high ,4 G low price package is cancelled quietlyAnd a suspected 4G slowdown was also reported.
October 12thChina Radio and television network Co., Ltd. was officially established, becoming the fourth largest operator, will provide 5g service and issue segment 192.
The joining of China's Radio and television has given consumers some expectations, hoping that the current industry pattern will be broken. So will China's Radio and television be the Dragon Slayer we are looking forward to?
Can radio and television bring cheaper 5g packages
5g charges are high, a large part of the reason is the high operating costs. 5g transmission speed is faster, but the coverage is also smaller,This means that the higher the construction cost of the base station, the higher the operating cost.
In fact, 5g technology can also be applied to low frequency band,The 5g band held by China Radio and television is 700MHz。 Compared with other high frequency bands, this band has the advantages of strong signal penetration and wide coverage.
Take the 2.6GHz band adopted by mobile as an example, the data transmission rate of this band is about 1Gbps, but the coverage radius is only 300-500m, and the power consumption is huge.
However, the coverage radius of single base station in 700MHz band obtained by radio and television can reach 5-10km and save power.
However, the transmission rate of 700MHz band is far lower than that of other high frequency bands,The rate is about 100Mbps, and the actual use is estimated to be about the same as 4G.
In addition, due to the wide coverage of 700MHz, the number of users in the signal coverage area will increase significantly. However, the optical fiber bandwidth of access base station is limited, so it may be difficult to reach the peak rate in the presence of competition.
700MHz as the main frequency band for 5g may face the speed problem, so it is more suitable for 5g signal coverage in remote rural areas. In the areas with large urban population density, higher frequency band is still needed.
So some people speculate,Radio and television mobile phones will probably still use 2.6GHz or 4.9ghz mobile spectrum to provide 5g services.
Where there is no 2.6GHz or 4.9ghz base station, 5g signal may be displayed on the mobile phone, but the overall rate will be greatly reduced.
Therefore, from the perspective of operation cost, the cost of base station construction and operation and maintenance in 700MHz band is indeed relatively low, and the operation cost is reflected in the user package.
In addition, we can foresee that,China's Radio and television packages will be cheaper in the early days.
Of course, a big premise of cheap package is that the signal is stable, and the service can't be too bad. If these can't be done, consumers are not willing to use the cheap package.
Can radio and television shake the position of the three royal families
With the entry of China's Radio and television industry, many people expect to shake the monopoly position of the three companies in the communication industry. However, it seems that it is difficult to have much impact on the original market.
First of all, from the perspective of infrastructure construction, China's Radio and television is far behind the three major operators. Even if the radio and television still draws Alibaba into the Bureau, it is difficult to reach the base station scale of the three operators in a short time.
Therefore, radio and television choose to sign a contract with China Mobile,Build base station together with China Mobile and share 700MHz frequency bandIn addition to the 5g base stations built by radio and television, the users who use China Radio and television 5g will also be able to use the base stations of China Mobile. The network rates used by the two users are the same.
In addition to infrastructure, the market space for radio and television is also very limited.
According to the interim reports of major operators, the number of mobile users of China Mobile has reached 947 million by June 2020,Among them, 760 million 4G users and 70.2 million 5g users; China Telecom has 343 million mobile users.
The three major operators occupy the vast majority of the market share, leaving little for radio and television.
Unless radio and television have strong enough competitiveness, such as better service and cheaper price, it is difficult for users to change operators.
In addition, China's Radio and television itself has great problems.It is different from China Telecom, China Mobile and China UnicomFor many years, radio and television networks have been scattered in various provinces and cities, and divided by regions.
Radio and television has always wanted to operate in a unified way, but there has been no good opportunity.
In recent years, under the impact of mobile Internet, IPTV and Ott,The cable TV users of China Radio and television will lose nearly 100 million yuan in 2019.
Moreover, with the separation of production and broadcasting, the content production ability of radio and Television Department is also being challenged by the Internet platforms such as iqiyi and Youku.
Write it at the end
Two years ago, more than 22 virtual operators were granted business licenses. Everyone thought they would become dragon slayer warriors. Two years later, virtual operators still couldn't shake the three dragons.
China Radio and television has become the fourth largest operator. We also hope that it can be the New Dragon Slayer warrior. However, at present, China Radio and television still has a long way to go.
We can't know whether we can become the Dragon slaughtering warrior we are looking forward to, or maybe the Dragon slaughtering boy will eventually become a dragon.
- THE END -
Link to the original text:Pacific computer network