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What is the story behind the mysterious gold mask of Sanxingdui? Experts' detailed interpretation

via:????     time:2021/5/29 19:52:45     readed:987

The mysterious Sanxingdui site has once again brought people a surprise: in the nearly 20 cm ash layer of pit 8, various pieces of sacred tree, gold ware, copper mask and so on have been found. The latest piece of gold mask has been unearthed, and the outline of the ear and mouth are clearly visible. The statue of kneeling on the bronze top of the national treasure level cultural relic in No. 3 sacrificial pit also appeared ceremoniously!

The newly unearthed fragments of the gold mask are similar to other masks in shape, with wide ears, prominent eyes, high nose and slightly raised mouth. It is a mysterious smile shape, which has attracted wide attention of netizens. Some netizens even said that it's really related to the shape of the mask?

Wang Wei, member of the academic department of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and President of the Chinese society of archaeology, pointed out at the 28 th Sanxingdui global cultural promotion conference that Sanxingdui has its unique sacrificial system, which is reflected in the unearthed cultural relics such as gold masks and sacred trees. Wang Wei also said that the ancient Shu civilization has its own strong characteristics, but it also has a close relationship with the Central Plains, learning from a lot of Central Plains etiquette.


In addition, Lei Yu pointed out that the jade Bi and stone Bi unearthed in Sanxingdui may come from the Qijia culture in Northwest China, and some Cong and jade cone-shaped utensils are very similar to those of Liangzhu Culture in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Sanxingdui's wall ramming technology and rice farming are related to the Shijiahe culture in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River.

In the global promotion of Sanxingdui culture, a heavy bronze ware from No. 3 sacrificial pit of Sanxingdui site appeared on the large screen. It is 115 cm high, located in the south of the No. 3 sacrificial pit. The statue consists of two parts: the upper part is a 55 cm bronze statue with a short column on the inner side of the statue's mouth, and the shoulder is welded with exquisite dragon shaped decoration; The lower part is a 60 cm high bronze man in a kneeling position, holding objects in both hands in front of him.

Lei Yu admitted that bronze vessels with southern Chinese characteristics were unearthed in Sanxingdui, Hubei, Hunan, Eastern Chongqing and southern Shaanxi. Its characteristic is to reform the Bronze Zun and Luo in the Central Plains to form a bronze ritual vessel with southern characteristics. This shows that there were close cultural exchanges between Sanxingdui and these places.

In Wang Wei's view, the cultural relics unearthed in Sanxingdui not only provide many materials for solving many historical mysteries, but also show that the ancestors here at that time not only insisted on their own characteristics, but also constantly absorbed, learned from and developed them. They must be open and inclusive. The connotation of these ancient Shu cultural relics is also of great significance today.



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