In recent days,
Zhihu apologises for the "diarrhoea mooncake" incident
Sparked heated debate
Low-sugar mooncakes cause diarrhea
The website Zhihu recently mailed customized mooncakes to friends who provide high-quality content for a long time, only to find that some of them developed diarrhea.
Some netizens pointed out that "Zhihu moon cake". In pursuit of low sugar, the moon cake originally accounted for about 20% of the total weight of sugar all replaced with sugar alcohol, causing diarrhea.
Zhihu said in a letter of apology on Sept. 8 that the mooncakes were produced by mature companies with a good reputation in the industry and were made with a low-sugar formula provided by the manufacturer. The products have been tested by the manufacturer and an independent third party and have met relevant quality standards of the food industry. However, maltitol, which is used to replace sucrose, has been neglected, which may cause intolerance in some people and cause physical discomfort. We have contacted and recalled all moon cakes.
Maltitol tolerance is different among individuals
Ruan Guang, director of the science and technology department of kexin Food and Nutrition Information Exchange Center, told China Consumer News:
"Maltitol is a sugar substitute, a family of xylitol and erythritol, which are very popular now. Sugar alcohols give us a sweet taste and are low in energy, but all sugar alcohols have one characteristic: eating too much can cause diarrhea.
Because sugar alcohol is not absorbed in the human intestines and stomach, or absorbed in a small amount. Most of the sugar alcohols that are not absorbed by the body accumulate in the intestine, raising the osmotic pressure in the intestine. And places with higher osmotic pressure will have more water. They just have different thresholds for diarrhea, some high and some low. In addition, how much sugar alcohol after eating diarrhea, there are individual differences. People who are susceptible to sugar alcohol intolerance are not the majority of the population."
Ruan guangfeng said that according to relevant professionals estimate that the amount of maltitol in the mooncake that caused the widespread diarrhea could reach more than 50%, and conservative estimates also exceed 20%. An adult who weighs 60 kg can tolerate about 20 grams of maltitol. According to this calculation, the moon cake may have diarrhea after eating about 100 grams at a time.
Zhong Kai, deputy director of KOSin Food and Nutrition Information Exchange Center, wrote:
The ingredients of Zhihu moon cake include white kidney bean, mung bean, maltitol, erythritol, microcrystalline cellulose, glycerin, xanthan gum, carrageenan, etc. These are all legal ingredients, but together, they can also "add fuel to the fire".
The producer shall bear the obligation of presentment risk
The reporter checked the label information of "Zhihu moon cake" and found that the manufacturer was coFCO Fengtong (Beijing) Food Co., LTD. According to the National Enterprise Credit Information Disclosure System, COFCO Fengtong (Beijing) Food Co., LTD. (hereinafter referred to as COFCO) was jointly invested and established by COFCO and Toyota Tsusho Corporation of Japan on December 13, 2005.
On September 9, a coFCO official responded that the company produced more than 50,000 boxes of sugar alcohol mooncakes this year, which were supplied to four customized customers including Zhihu, of which 18,000 boxes were provided to Zhihu. "After the incident, we have communicated with the four customers, and two of them said that there was no similar problem and there was no need to deal with it. Another custom customer had doubts and had replaced the goods."
On the afternoon of September 13, the reporter called coFCO, and the staff said that there would be a special person to reply, but as of press time, the reporter did not receive a response.
The reporter learned that at present the act of entrusting food production is a common way of production and operation, and its responsibility division also has a legal basis.
: "food safety law implementing regulations" article 21 of this law, "food, food additives, production operators entrusted food production, food additives, shall entrust obtained the food production license, food additive production license, the supplier and supervise the production behavior of commissioned for the safety of the production of food, food additives. The agent shall produce in accordance with laws, regulations, food safety standards and the contract, be responsible for the production and accept the supervision of the principal."
In response to zhihu's apology letter that "maltitol, which is used as a substitute for sucrose, may cause intolerance in some people," the reporter also carefully checked the label information of Zhihu mooncakes and found no similar warning.
Yang Ziyang, a lawyer from Beijing Long 'an (Wuhan) Law Firm, told China Consumer News: "According to the Food Safety Law, the Advertising Law and other laws, the main thing is to see whether the outer and independent packaging of the mooncake has done its duty to remind.
Yang ziyang said that coFCO, as the producer, had been tested by the producer and an independent third party and had met the relevant quality standards of the food industry, but it had neglected maltitol, which was used as a substitute for sucrose, which may lead to intolerance in some people. For example, there was no obvious warning on the outer packaging and independent packaging of mooncakes. Cofco, as a producer, should bear the responsibility for the adverse reactions caused to special consumers by its failure to fulfill its duty of safety care. As for Zhihu, although it is a gift, it still needs to bear the responsibility of recall, but the final responsibility should still be borne by the manufacturer.
Chen Yinjiang, deputy secretary general of the Consumer Rights and Interests Protection Research Institute under the China Law Society, also said the donated food must meet food safety standards, or it should be liable for compensation in accordance with the law. According to the provisions of the Food Safety Law, if maltitol is used as a sugar substitute and reaches a certain content of food, it does not meet the food safety standards, then consumers can find Zhihu rights protection, can also find the processing enterprise rights protection. Even if the use of maltitol as a sugar substitute meets the food safety standards, due to the high risk of diarrhea caused by this situation, the producers and operators should also make a true explanation and clear warning to consumers, indicating or explaining the correct use method and the method to prevent the occurrence of harm. Otherwise, the same suspected of damaging consumer right to know and right to safety.