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High-speed Internet or will soon settle in Antarctician

via:cnBeta     time:2021/11/24 15:01:54     readed:55

On a volcanic rock on the Antarctic Coast, McCamido will have many scientific research at this time at this time. The station is managed by the National Science Foundation (NSF),In the first summer of October to February, up to 1,000 visitors came here to conduct research on topics such as climate to marine science.

However, although McMurdo plays a core role in Antarctic research, it lacks most scientists working in the 21st century laboratory to think that things are justified: high-speed Internet.

McMimer is located on the mainland that is not connected to the world without high-speed cable. However, this may soon change.

Earlier this year, NSF began to seriously explore the possibility of building a cable, which will walk along the bottom of Antarctica to neighboring New Zealand or Australia. This idea raises the first time in more than a decade, but the attraction is lost due to the priorities of other projects.If this is successful, scientists say it will change the research and daily lives of frozen continents.

Peter Neff from the Glacier List and Assistant Research from the University of Minnesota said: "This will change the basic experience in the lives of Antarctica."

Today, researchers working in Antarctica rely on low bandwidth satellites to communicate with external world. The technical development manager of NSF PATRICK SMITH pointed out that the bandwidth of McMimero per person is limited compared to typical rural families.Researchers often have to store their data on the hard disk, then take home, rather than the list of colleagues to their colleagues. This causes a bottleneck to slow down the speed of scientific research.

At the end of June, MSF hosted a three-day seminar, which brought together the US and international researchers, and they discussed the change potential of optical cables leading to Antarctic containe - including how it will affect research, education and those in McMumen. The well-being of the people standing. In October, the seminar organizers released a wide range of reports.The report emphasizes key points, potential routes and how to collect more scientific data in this distant area.

Participants said that if there is an optical fiber connection, the daily life and research of McMillo Station will have countless changes. Researchers can live their daily operations, rather than relying on archives recorders, weather forecasts can be improved, satellite images can be real-time analysis, network security can be strengthened, and project participation can be expanded to personnel in the field.

In addition to more effectively analyzing the data, the physical existence of the cable can make the new type of data may be possible. For example, the fibers in the cable can be used to collect seismic data through a new technique called "distributed acoustic sensing".The sensor can be added to the cable, continuously observe the temperature and pressure of the South Ocean of Antarctic China, and the South Ocean is a key location to understand how climate change is rapidly developed. Neff said it is very little observation of the South Ocean. As the temperature rises, this continuous real-time observation can greatly improve scientists understand it.

In addition to research opportunities, the faster Internet will make the interior visitors easier to contact their families and colleagues outside the Antarctica and a broader public.

"With this type of interactivity, people can imagine that they are in that case, see what this kind of work looks like," Antarctic film producer Ariel Waldman said.

In 2018, Waldman took NSF's Antarctic artist and writer planned to take a five-week ice life. Waldman said that there is a faster Internet will bring huge changes to scientific dissessions, as it will make the communication with people outside the Antarctic to interact.

Although high-speed network connectivity can provide a lot of benefits, some scientists are also worried that such changes will affect the cultural culture of McMillo Station.

Neff said: "Another important conversation is how it will change the way the community works." He pointed out that the Antarctic Research Station became a close community due to the necklace.A comprehensive connection will change a lot, including how researchers communicate with each other and how they focus on field work rather than going home.

The next step in the Antarctic High-speed Internet upgrade becomes a real desktop and engineering design, and NSF will conduct this study with the assistance of US defense.Completing this study is a key milestone that will include cable and related infrastructure pricing, research route, and developing a timetable that makes all things installed. After that, NSF will decide whether to continue the project.

Smith said: "Improve communication will eliminate some burdens, making (people) more easily deployed to the site and extending experience into people who cannot deploy. We look like a chance of transformation."

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