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Or has it been spread insidiously in Communities in Europe and the United States: Should We Be Worried About Monkeypox? Experts demystify

via:凤凰网     time:2022/5/22 9:07:11     readed:120

The discovery of monkeypox cases in many countries has attracted global attention. On the 21st, the WeChat public account of Huashan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University "Huashan Infection" published an article written by Wang Xinyu entitled "Rare Monkeypox Epidemic in Europe and the United States: Should We Be Worried?" article.

On 18 May, Portugal reported 5 confirmed cases of monkeypox and more than 20 suspected cases. All cases were young males, all in Lisbon and the Taggers Valley. Spain has also reported 8 suspected cases.

On 19 May, Sweden and Italy said they had confirmed the first case, including an Italian case of a person who had reportedly travelled to the Canary Islands, and Italian authorities said two more suspected cases were under surveillance.

On 20 May, the Spanish health authorities announced 24 new confirmed cases of monkeypox, mainly in the Madrid region, bringing the number of confirmed cases in the country to 31. Portugal also added 9 new cases, bringing the total number of cases in the country to 23. SameBelgian health experts have announced the detection of 2 new cases of monkeypox in the country, and Germany has also reported the detection of the first case of monkeypox. Who's head of Europe said he was concerned that infections in the region could accelerate as people gathered during the summer for parties and festivals.

Scientists at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are working with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health to investigate a case of monkeypox for a Massachusetts resident who recently traveled to Canada on private transportation. Testing in Massachusetts on the evening of 17 May found positive pox virus infection, which was confirmed by cdC laboratories as monkeypox. Separately, New York City health officials said later in May 19 that they were investigating a possible case of monkeypox. No details were provided about the patient.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported a total of 11 previously non-endemic cases of monkeypox worldwide, of which approximately 80 are confirmed and 50 are pending suspected cases. The WHO is concerned about the further spread of monkeypox in non-endemic countries will convene an emergency meeting to discuss the monkeypox issue.

FOR ITS part, there are cases of monkeypox in several countries or suggest that the monkeypox virus has been insidiously spread in communities. The relevant person in charge said that with the arrival of summer and the increase in gathering activities, the number of infected people may further increase in the future.As of the 20th, at least 9 countries in Europe have reported confirmed cases of monkeypox, which according to the German military medical department is the "largest" monkeypox outbreak experienced in Europe. At present, no deaths have been reported in the Monkeypox outbreak in Europe.

Infectious disease and epidemiology experts worry that known cases are the tip of the iceberg, with most patients not in contact with each other, suggesting it is spreading more widely. Experts described the outbreak as "unusual" because human-to-human transmission of monkeypox was previously considered extremely rare.

The WHO said the early cases were unusual for three reasons: with one exception, none of them had a relevant travel history to monkeypox-endemic areas; most cases were found in sexual health services and men who had sex with men, and the widespread spread across multiple European countries suggested that transmission may have been going on for some time.

The article states,To be honest, in non-endemic areas, there are so many confirmed cases of monkeypox of unknown origin in a short period of time, as infectious disease professionals, it is impossible not to worry.

Scientists are paying close attention to viruses and outbreaks, with particular concern about whether viruses are changing the way they spread, as may happen in current outbreaks. This new outbreak in many European and American countries could be a sign that the virus has changed — even just a little — and could increase its ability to spread among people.

In China, although there have never been reports of confirmed cases of monkeypox, infectious diseases have no borders, the risk of monkeypox virus importation into China will continue to exist, and with the emergence of epidemics in Europe and the United States, the risk of imported cases in China will increase accordingly.

After China stopped receiving the smallpox vaccine (cowpox) in the early 1980s, people under the age of 40 are generally not immune to smallpox and monkeypox. While paying close attention to the international monkeypox epidemic, we should be prepared in advance to carry out the popularization and publicity of monkeypox, strengthen the monitoring of cases with similar symptoms, and develop diagnostic methods and reagents in order to timely detect imported cases, block transmission, and prevent monkeypox from becoming epidemic in China. At the same time, we should start stockpiling specific vaccines and antiviral drugs to avoid being passive after the emergence of cases.

For thousands of years, the development of human society has always been intertwined with the emergence, epidemic and control of various infectious diseases, and only by continuously understanding the epidemic law of infectious diseases can we try our best to protect human beings from the invasion of infectious diseases and protect human health and dignity.


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