Compilation | Yang Chang
Smart West June 24 news, according to foreign media ZDNet, the National Aeronautics Aerospace Agency (NASA) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) announced on June 21, local time that it is jointly promoting space nuclear technology and has been for it for it. The planned Surface Power Project selected three design concept proposals.
The project plans to build a 40 -kilowatt -class nuclear fission power system in the moon. According to NASA, this 40 -kilowatt -class power system can be used for 30 families for 10 years, which is equivalent to a small nuclear power plant.
These design proposals come from US airlines Lockheed & Middot; Martin Space Systems, Electric Enterprise Nishiya Electric Company and IX Company. IX is a joint venture company of the autonomous driving system company Intuitive Machines and nuclear reactor design companies X-Energy. These three companies will obtain a contract of 12 months, worth 5 million US dollars (about 33.575 million yuan).
1. At the end of this century, go to the moon to build a "nuclear power plant"
NASA and DOE are exploring space nuclear technology, because electrical energy is not easy to obtain in the moon or more distant space. When astronauts reach the moon and then go to Mars, they need a reliable and light power system. This power system should also run in different places and different environments and weather conditions. The nuclear fissure power generation system meets these standards.
Concept map of nuclear fissure surface energy system energy system
By the end of this century, NASA and DOE hoped to test a 40 -kilowatt -class nuclear fission power system on the moon. This nuclear power system that tests on the moon will pave the way for humans to carry out long -term tasks on the moon and Mars.
John Wagner, director of the National Laboratory of the US Department of Energy, said in a statement: "The energy project of nuclear cracks is the first step in the United States to establish a nuclear power plant on the moon."
2. 3, 3 space nuclear power project contracts, 8 companies participated
DOE's Edhata National Laboratory is responsible for the project contract. The value of the 3 -part nuclear fissure meter energy project design concept is about 15 million US dollars (about 100 million yuan), which is used to support the development of preliminary design concepts of a 40 -kilowatt nuclear fission power system. The project requires the designed nuclear fission power system to work on the moon for at least 10 years.
Lockheedot & Middot; Martin Space Systems, Martin Space Systems, Martinity, Pennsylvania, Nishiya Electric Company, and Houston, Texas, USA, and Houston in Texas won a project contract.
Lockheed & Middot; Martin Space Systems will cooperate with the nuclear component nuclear fuel supplier BWXT and engineering research and development provider Cream to complete the project.
West House Electric will cooperate with Aerojet RocketDyne to develop project development.
The IX company cooperates with the aviation technology company Maxar and Boeing to promote the project.
3. NASA has tested the spatial nuclear reactor project
Before the nuclear fissure meter energy project, NASA promoted another space nuclear power project Kilopower project. In 2015, NASA officially started the new generation of space nuclear reactor Kilopower project. In May 2018, the project completed all the main surface tests.
A few years later, in 2021, NASA and DOE cooperated to publish a solicitation of opinion, asking American companies to provide the design concept of nuclear fission -faced energy system.
Conclusion: Aversion of Aerospace Power Layout Aerospace Nuclear Energy Research
Judging from the information given by NASA, the United States has continued to promote nuclear energy in space exploration.
China, Russia and other aerospace powers have also begun to explore the application of nuclear energy in the field of aerospace. Like Russia's "Development Plan for the Face of the Face of the Face" submitted in 2016, it refers to the engine prototype of nuclear power and supports spacecraft for deep space exploration. In the mission, the deputy director of the Chinese National Atomic Energy Institution clearly stated in an interview that my country ’s deep space detection in the future will use nuclear energy.