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Global monkey acne epidemic needs to be vigilant in China

via:凤凰网     time:2022/8/5 15:01:03     readed:63

7月26日,美国纽约曼哈顿一处猴痘疫苗接种点,工作人员为民众验证预约信息。摄影/本刊记者 廖攀

On July 26, a monkey acne vaccination point in Manhattan, New York, USA, and staff verified the appointment information for the public. Photography/Reporter Liao Pan

According to the Associated Press on July 30, since May this May, nearly 80 countries have reported more than 22,000 cases of acne. On July 23, the Monkey Acne epidemic was listed by the WHO as a "international concern public health incident", which is the highest -level alert issued by the WHO.

On July 25, the WHO stated that so far, most of the cases of acne are from Europe, especially in male actors. Monkey acne is a rare human and animals that are similar to smallpox symptoms. The main ways of communication between interpersonal include close contact with the respiratory discharge of the infected person and spread through the airway. Sexual behavior has become an important way to spread virus in this round of monkey acne epidemic.

Recently, the number of cases of acne has also surged in the United States, and the United States has become the country with the largest number of cases in the world's non -influx countries. According to data updated by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on August 1, the total number of diagnosis of acne in the country is 5,811, and the number of new cases on July 11 will reach 100 cases. Add 439 cases.

New York State, California, and Illinois have announced an emergency state. These three states are regions with serious American acne epidemic. The total number of cumulative cases is 2737. Essence New York State is the worst state in the American Monkey Acne. New York Mayor Eric & Middot; Adams and Health Commissioner Ashwin & Middot; Vasan announced that 150,000 urban residents may face the risk of infection.

In addition to Europe and the United States, it is difficult for Asia to escape the invasion of acne. On May 21, Israel was diagnosed with the country's first case of acne and the first case in Asia. On June 24, the first case of diagnosis in Taiwan appeared in Taiwan. It was also the first case of Chinese acne in this epidemic. As of July 25, more than a dozen Asian countries including Israel, South Korea, Thailand, Singapore reported more than 100 cases of confirmation cases.

Faced with the continuous fermentation monkey acne epidemic, many countries have long been waiting, strengthening screening and introducing restrictions in customs, airports, borders and other places. On May 22, the Bangladesh State Health Service issued a warning at each port of the country to prevent the spread of monkey acne. At the same time, all the air, land and maritime ports were required to be vigilant, and suspected cases were sent to infectious disease hospitals in time.

Mainland China has also begun to take a series of measures to respond to the risk of cope with the risk of acne. On June 9th, Xu Wenbo, director of the Virus Diseases of the China Disease Prevention and Control Center, introduced that China Disease Control has established a detection method for dual targets for monkey acne virus genes, and has verified its sensitivity and specificity in Sierra Leion, Africa, Africa. You can find the input monkey acne cases in time. On June 14, the official website of the National Health and Health Commission released the "Guidelines for Monkey Acne Diagnosis and Treatment (2022 Edition)", which requires improving the ability to diagnose monkey acne for medical institutions.

On July 25, the General Administration of Customs issued an announcement that people from the country from the disease of the monkey acne should strengthen their examination and require people who have exposed to the cases of fever, headache, facial and physical rash such as fever, headache, facial and physical rash, and should take the initiative to take the initiative to take the initiative to take the initiative to take the initiative to take the initiative to take the initiative to take the initiative Declars to customs, customs officers will sample testing.

The Monkey Acne report released by the WHO on July 25 shows that as of July 22, there were 5 cases of death in this round of pox epidemic and all in Africa. However, in just a few days, Brazil, Spain, and India have also reported many cases of monkey acne -related cases related to monkey acne.

At present, there is no treatment for monkey acne virus infection. However, monkey acne and ceiling virus are similar in genes, which means that antiviral drugs and vaccines developed to prevent smallpox can be used to prevent and treat monkey acne virus infections. On July 28, the US CDC published a statement that there are currently two vaccines that can be used to prevent monkey acne virus infection. The former was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2019. It is only approved in Europe and the United States. The latter is used by FDA licenses to treat smallpox. When applying for new drugs, it can be used to treat monkey acne.

Jin Dongyan, a professor at the School of Biomedicine of the University of Hong Kong, analyzed that the immune effect of inoculating ceiling vaccines in the body is lifelong. Generally, people over 40 years of age have taken ceiling vaccines, and immune memories are in the body. This is equivalent to this group in the entire population. A "intermediate barrier" was built.

But at the same time, it is worth noting that since China stopped inocular vaccine in the early 1980s, people under the age of 40 have generally no immunity to smallpox and monkey acne. Therefore, while paying close attention to the international monkey acne epidemic in China, we must prepare in advance and keep vigilance in advance. Once a case is found, the virus transmission is blocked in time to avoid falling into a passive situation.

Reporter: Niuhe

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