In recent decades and even centuries, the United States has been the world's number one in science and technology, while China is improving rapidly in this regard. In 2022, China surpassed the United States to become the world's number one for the first time.
According to the Nature Index, published by the Springer Nature Publishing Group,From January to December 2022, the "contribution share" of Chinese authors was 19,373, ranking first; The United States surpassed China for the first time with 17,610.
Not only that, China is expanding its advantage in this field, becoming the leading country in physical science and chemistry by 2021.
The latest data for January-April 2023 show that China also overtook the US for the first time in Earth and environmental sciences. Currently, the United States ranks first only in "share" in the life sciences category.
It is understood that Nature Index is based on the world's top journals. It is a database that statistics the number of papers published by universities and scientific research institutes (countries) in the most influential research-based academic journals in the world through paper counting and fractional measurement method. It has become a new index to measure the scientific research level of countries and institutions.
The number of Nature was first published in 2014,China's share of high-quality nature research papers is growing, long second, and now first.