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The Ministry of Science and Technology and 10 other departments issued the Measures for Ethical Review of Science and Technology (Trial), focusing on solving problems such as uncle...

via:IT之家     time:2023/10/9 6:06:36     readed:150

IT House on October 8 news, with the acceleration of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial change, especially the emergence of AI large models, and the ensuing ethical issues have become a common challenge facing the world, to promote science and technology to the good, there is an urgent need to strengthen the ethical governance of science and technology.

Therefore, ten departments, including the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Education, and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, jointly issued a notice on the issuance of the "Measures for the Ethical Review of Science and Technology (Trial)" (hereinafter referred to as the "Measures").

The official pointed out that this is a comprehensive and universal regulation covering all fields of science and technology ethical review, focusing on solving problems such as unclear responsibilities of science and technology ethical review, non-standard review procedures, and imperfect mechanisms, and putting forward a series of measures and relevant provisions from the aspects of improving the system, standardizating procedures, strict standards, and strengthening supervision.

The Measures delineate the main scope of the ethical review of science and technology, clarify the main body of responsibility for the ethical review of science and technology, the standards for the establishment of the ethics of science and technology (review) committee and the organizational operation mechanism, clarify the basic procedures of the ethical review of science and technology, and determine the content and standards of the ethical review.

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According to reports, the Measures aim to regulate the review of scientific and technological ethics in scientific and technological activities such as scientific research and technological development, strengthen the prevention and control of scientific and technological ethical risks, and promote responsible innovation.

The document pointed out that the ethical review of science and technology should adhere to the principles of science, independence, fairness and transparency, open the review system and review procedures, objectively and prudently assess the ethical risks of scientific and technological activities, and conduct reviews in accordance with regulations.

It is mentioned in the Measures that institutions of higher learning, scientific research institutions, medical and health institutions, enterprises, etc., are the main bodies of responsibility for the ethical review and management of science and technology in their units. Units engaged in life science, medicine, artificial intelligence and other scientific and technological activities, whose research content involves sensitive areas of science and technology ethics, shall establish a science and technology ethics (review) committee. Other units that need to review science and technology ethics may set up science and technology ethics (review) committees according to the actual situation. For scientific and technological activities involving human research participants, the recruitment schemes formulated are fair and reasonable, the collection, storage, use and disposal of biological samples are legal and compliant, and the processing of personal privacy data, biometric information and other information complies with the relevant provisions on the protection of personal information.

The Measures also mention a list of scientific and technological activities that need to be reviewed for ethical review, including research on the synthesis of new species that have a major impact on human life and health, values, and ecological environment, and basic research that changes the genetic material or genetic laws of human germ cells, fertilized eggs, and preimplantation embryo nuclei. Research and development of human-machine integration systems that have a strong impact on human subjective behavior, psychological emotions and life health, algorithm models, applications and systems with the ability to mobilize public opinion and guide social consciousness.

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